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    What is dysentery and how is it treated?

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  2. Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

    Dysentery symptoms look like a lot of other intestinal illnesses, including a common stomach virus. A lab technician will need to look at a sample of your stool under a microscope to see if you ...

  3. Dysentery: Symptoms, Treatment, and More

    Sep 03, 2018 · Dysentery is an intestinal infection that can cause severe diarrhea for up to a week. Learn about the different types, how it's spread, and more.

    • Sheila Buff
  4. Dysentery - Wikipedia

    Dysentery is a type of gastroenteritis that results in diarrhea with blood. [1] [7] Other symptoms may include fever , abdominal pain, and a feeling of incomplete defecation . [2] [8] [5] Complications may include dehydration .

  5. Dysentery: Treatment, symptoms, and causes

    Jun 23, 2017 · Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestines, especially the colon. Symptoms include stomach cramps and diarrhea with blood or mucus in the feces. Many people have mild symptoms, but dysentery ...

  6. Dysentery - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Information
    • Terminology
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Causes
    • Types
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Prevention
    • Administration
    • Prognosis

    Alternative names: Amoebic dysentery is also known as amebiasis. Dysentery is commonly misspelt as dysentary.

    Dysentery is a more serious form of diarrhea, where the stools are tinged with blood and mucus. The diarrhea can be quite severe, characterized by colicky pains and frequent visits to the toilet. Stools can be passed as often as fifteen to thirty times per day. The onset is typically sudden, accompanied by a high fever and thirst. The illness causes great fatigue and depletion of strength. Dehydration is a serious side-effect, especially if the person becomes too weak to drink enough liquids.

    The diarrhea typical of dysentery is caused by an inflammation of the colon due to infection by one of a number of organisms, including bacteria, parasites and viruses. The infection is typically spread by eating contaminated food, or from direct contact with an infected person. Unlike infection from shigella, amebic dysentery only occurs in hot climates. The ameba parasite is spread via contaminated water, raw food grown on contaminated soil and, more rarely, contact with an infected person. Infection can occur from contact with persons who have little or no signs of illness but, as carriers, can pass on the disease. Both of these types of dysentery are more common in areas of poor sanitation. While traveling in tropical climates, extra care should be taken regarding food, drink and personal hygiene.

    The two most common types of dysentery are those caused by shigella bacteria and by ameba parasites. In the dysentery caused by shigella bacteria, flies transfer the bacteria from infected feces to food in areas where hygiene is poor. Handling food also passes on bacteria to others.

    Amebic Dysentery is an intestinal illness caused by a microscopic parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. Anyone can get amebiasis, but it is recognized more often in people arriving from tropical or subtropical areas, individuals in institutions for the developmentally disabled and homosexual males.

    The symptoms of amebic dysentery are quite mild, with constipation and diarrhea alternating, combined with some intestinal cramping and gas. People exposed to this parasite may experience mild or severe symptoms or no symptoms at all. Fortunately, most exposed people do not become seriously ill. The mild form of amebiasis includes nausea, loose stools, weight loss, abdominal tenderness and occasional fever. Rarely, the parasite will invade the body beyond the intestines and cause a more serious infection, such as a liver abscess. The symptoms may appear from a few days to a few months after exposure but usually within two to four weeks. Some people may carry the parasite for weeks to years, often without symptoms. Arsenicum album is often used for diarrhea. The symptoms are quite violent, the pain typically burning in character. The blood- and mucus-filled diarrhea is accompanied by anxiety, weakness and restlessness. The person is chilly, usually thirsty for small sips of water, and the symptoms are worse at night. Phosphorus is the second choice for similar cases with terrible burning pains and anxiety, bloody stools and great weakness. Phosphorus will help if there is a feeling as though the anus is open, allowing for an involuntary passage of stools. Typically, there is great thirst for very cold water.

    Diagnosis is usually through examination of stools under a microscope. Occasionally, several stool samples must be obtained because the number of amoeba changes from day to day.

    Specific antibiotics such as metronidazole can be prescribed by a doctor to treat amebiasis. The first concern in treating dysentery is to compensate for the sometimes life-threatening loss of fluid and electrolytes due to the extreme diarrhea. Warm vegetable broths will replace water and minerals and provide other nutrients. If the kidneys are not inflamed, include parsley. Its etheric oil apiol stimulates the kidneys, promoting the elimination of the toxins causing the disease. Garlic should also be part of the broth, since it helps kill parasites. Supplements should help the body rid itself of the bacteria or parasites involved. Garlic and grapefruit seed extract both have strong antiparasitic and antibacterial properties and can be taken over long time periods, if necessary. Garlic capsules (3 capsules three times daily) are a simple and odorless alternative to eating raw garlic. Grapefruit seed extract is also odorless and available in both tablet (3 capsules three times daily) and liquid form. Lactobacillus acidophilus (3 capsules or 1 tsp daily) and other types of healthy bacteria treat the infection naturally by re-establishing the intestinal flora. These are particularly helpful for treating amebic dysentery, as well as other bacterial forms of diarrhea. All of the above can be taken for prevention as well as for treatment. During the diarrhea, charcoal tablets help bind toxins and slow the diarrhea. Tissue salts will help replace lost minerals due to excessive bowel elimination. Take 4 tablets three times daily under the tongue, or hourly if the pain and diarrhea are acute.

    Generally, it is not necessary to exclude an infected person from work or school. Casual contact at work or school is unlikely to transmit the disease. Special precautions may be needed by food handlers or children enrolled in day care settings. The most important precautions are careful handwashing after each toilet visit and proper disposal of sewage. Homosexual males should refrain from intimate contact until effectively treated. In areas where the safety of the water supply is uncertain, drink only bottled water and avoid ice-cubes. Papaya skin and seeds contain a substance that destroys parasites and can be chewed as a preventive measure. When in the tropics, eat only fruit and vegetables that you can peel. Disinfect the skin of the fruit before you peel.

    Choose one of the below in a 6c strength repeating hourly for three to six doses, then four times daily. Continue until the symptoms disappear or for two weeks. One dose is 2 tablets under the tongue.

    The main danger of an amebic dysentery is involvement of the liver, and can lead to hepatitis, cysts and abscesses. These liver problems can remain dormant for many years.

  7. Dysentery - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis ...
    • The Facts
    • Causes
    • Symptoms and Complications
    • Making The Diagnosis
    • Treatment and Prevention

    Many people have spent a tropical vacation with a bad stomach bug. They might have had dysentery, a painful intestinal infection that is usually caused by bacteria or parasites. Dysentery is defined as diarrhea in which there is blood, pus, and mucous, usually accompanied by abdominal pain.There are two main types of dysentery. The first type, amoebic dysentery or intestinal amoebiasis, is caused by a single-celled, microscopic parasite living in the large bowel. The second type, bacillary dy...

    Dysentery can have a number of causes. Bacterial infections are by far the most common causes of dysentery. These infections include Shigella, Campylobacter, E. coli, and Salmonella species of bacteria. The frequency of each pathogen varies considerably in different regions of the world. For example, shigellosis is most common in Latin America while Campylobacter is the dominant bacteria in Southeast Asia. Dysentery is rarely caused by chemical irritants or by intestinal worms.Intestinal amoe...

    The main symptom of dysentery is frequent near-liquid diarrhea flecked with blood, mucus, or pus. Other symptoms include: 1. sudden onset of high fever and chills 2. abdominal pain 3. cramps and bloating 4. flatulence (passing gas) 5. urgency to pass stool 6. feeling of incomplete emptying 7. loss of appetite 8. weight loss 9. headache 10. fatigue 11. vomiting 12. dehydrationOther symptoms may be intermittent and may include recurring low fevers, abdominal cramps, increased gas, and milder an...

    If a doctor suspects dysentery, a stool sample usually will be required for analysis. For bacterial infections such as shigella, the diagnosis is made by culture of the stool. Unfortunately, such cultures are not available in most developing countries and the diagnosis is made clinically on the basis of symptoms. Amoebiasis is often diagnosed by finding parasites under a microscope. An antibody blood test helps to confirm the diagnosis of amoebic dysentery or liver abscess.The E. histolytica...

    Antiparasitic medications such as metronidazole* and iodoquinol, are commonly used to treat dysentery caused by amoebiasis. Antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, or azithromycin are used to treat the organisms causing bacillary dysentery. People with prolonged diarrhea should consult with their doctor. If you travel, you should carry a one- to three-day self-treatment antibiotic regimen such as ciprofloxacin and use it in the case of sudden moderate-to-severe diarrheal illn...

  8. Dysentery - Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

    Jan 04, 2019 · The signs and symptoms of dysentery can last five to seven days or even longer. The course of the illness varies among individuals, as do symptoms. Some people suffering with dysentery have mild symptoms, while others may have severe diarrhea with or without vomiting that can pose a risk of dehydration .

  9. What are the symptoms of dysentery? - WebMD

    the main dysentery symptom is diarrhea that has blood, mucus, or pus. other signs are: *painful belly cramps *nausea or vomiting *a fever of 100.

  10. Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Home Remedies

    Nov 12, 2018 · Dysentery is an inflammation that occurs in your intestines and this can lead to severe stomach pain and diarrhoea. This can last up to 3 to 7 days some of its common symptoms include nauseated feeling, vomiting, high fever above 100 degrees and dehydration.

  11. Diarrhea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Diarrhea — loose, watery and possibly more-frequent bowel movements — is a common problem.Luckily, diarrhea is usually short-lived, lasting no more than a few days. But, when diarrhea lasts for weeks, it usually indicates that's there's another problem. If you have diarrhea for weeks or longer, you may have a condition such as irritable bowel disorder, or a more serious disorder, such as a persistent infection or inflammatory bowel disease.

    Signs and symptoms associated with diarrhea may include: 1. Loose, watery stools 2. Abdominal cramps 3. Abdominal pain 4. Fever 5. Blood in the stool 6. Mucus in the stool 7. Bloating 8. Nausea 9. Urgent need to have a bowel movement

    A number of diseases and conditions can cause diarrhea, including 1. Viruses. Viruses that can cause diarrhea include Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus and viral hepatitis. Rotavirus is a common cause of acute childhood diarrhea. 2. Bacteria and parasites. Contaminated food or water can transmit bacteria and parasites to your body. When traveling in developing countries, diarrhea caused by bacteria and parasites is often called traveler's diarrhea. Clostridium difficile is another type of bacter...

    Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which can be life-threatening if untreated. Dehydration is particularly dangerous in children, older adults and those with weakened immune systems.If you have signs of serious dehydration, seek medical help.

    Wash your hands to prevent the spread of viral diarrhea. To ensure adequate hand-washing: 1. Wash frequently. Wash your hands before and after preparing food. Wash your hands after handling uncooked meat, using the toilet, changing diapers, sneezing, coughing and blowing your nose. 2. Lather with soap for at least 20 seconds. After putting soap on your hands, rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds. This is about as long as it takes to sing \\"Happy Birthday\\" twice through. 3. Use hand...