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  1. Feb 27, 2021 · Hungary is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe that contains about 9.6 million people. Like all the countries of Eastern Europe, it was part of the communist eastern bloc during the Cold War. As with other former eastern bloc countries, communism came to an end in Hungary in 1989. The country joined NATO in 1999, and the EU in 2004.

    • Russia. Russia is Eastern Europe's largest and easternmost country. It separates Europe from Asia and straddles both continents over a wide geographical area that engulfs many cultures, terrains, and climates.
    • Czech Republic. The Czech Republic, once joined with Slovakia, is an East Central European nation that is home to one of the region's most popular destinations, Prague.
    • Poland. Poland occupies a location in the north of the East/East Central European region. This culturally rich, easy-to-get-around destination is a traveler's dream with big cities and small towns tucked into every corner of the country, each with a unique heritage to share.
    • Croatia. Croatia's location on the Adriatic Sea and its long coast are enough reason to travel there - its abundance of enchanting cities is a bonus. And, while other Southeastern European countries are still struggling to attract visitors, Croatia has woken up the tourism industry to its endless potential: cruise liners dock in its ports, spring breakers flock to its beaches, and honeymooners seek out its achingly romantic getaways.
  2. Eastern Europe after 1945 usually meant all the European countries liberated from Nazi Germany and then occupied by the Soviet army. It included the German Democratic Republic (also known as East Germany), formed by the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. All the countries in Eastern Europe adopted communist modes of control by 1948.

    • Belarus
    • Czechia
    • Poland
    • Slovakia
    • Ukraine

    Belarus is practically front and center in relation to the other nine Eastern European countries. As a landlocked country, Belarus is surrounded by fellow European countries. Ukraine is south of Belarus, and both Latvia and Lithuaniacan be found to the north of Belarus. Poland lies just west of the country, whereas Russia borders Belarus along the Eastern European country's northern and eastern borders. The capital city of Belarusis Minsk. The population of Belarus is an estimated 9.5 million people. The number of people living in Belarus is far lower than the country's total area, meaning that the population density of Belarus is rather small. There are just about 46 people for every square mile of land within the boundaries of Belarus. The country accounts for less than one percent of the entire global population, seeing as it is home to about 0.12% of people on Earth.

    The Czech Republic, or Czechia, is located amid many European countries, making the Czech Republic an entirely-landlocked country with no line of direct access to any major body of water. Four countries share borders with the Czech Republic, including Poland, Austria, Germany, and Slovakia. To the north, the Czech Republic is bordered by Poland, while Germany is in the west, and Slovakia lies just east of the Czech Republic. The fourth country with which the Czech Republic shares borders is Austria, a country that can be found to the south of Czechia. The country’s capital is Prague. The Czech Republic's current population is about 10.7 million, which is 0.14% of all people in the world. With a total area of 30,450 square miles, the Czech Republic ranks as the 115th largest country based on physical dimensions. The population density is calculated as about 350 people per square mile of land in the Czech Republic.

    Poland is an Eastern European country with a coastline that lies along the Baltic Sea. Poland's capital is Warsaw, which might sound familiar to you due to its prominence in Poland's historical timeline. About 38 million people are living in Poland. Poland's population is spread out across a total areaof approximately 120,728 square miles. The majority of Poland is land-based, with 117,473 square miles, or 97.3%, of the total area being made up of land. The remaining 3,255 square miles are water regions. The Republic of Poland is known for being the most religious-minded countryin all of Europe. The Polish country is the place to go for a look at some of the most beautiful natural scenery you'll ever have the pleasure of seeing.

    Called the Slovak Republic in official terms, Slovakia is like many other Eastern European countries in that it is surrounded by land. To the north of Slovakia lies Poland, while Hungary borders the southern edge of Slovakia. The Slovak Republic also shares boundaries with Ukraine, Austria, and the Czech Republic. The population of Slovakia is just under 5.5 million people. About 5.5 million people call Slovakia their home, which is a slight increase in population size compared to the prior year -- 0.02% to be specific. The boundaries of Slovakia's land surround roughly 18,567 square miles, making the population density about 294 persons per square mile. As a country predominantly comprised of mountainous regions, Slovakia is a prime place to spend your winters, especially if you love cold weather and all sorts of snow-related sports. The capital of the Slovak Republic is Bratislava, which is a major city located in the westernmost part of Slovakia. Bratislava is so far west that it...

    More formally called the Ukraine, this Eastern European country is surrounded by seven fellow European countries and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Starting with Ukraine's southwestern border and moving clockwise around the country's borders, Ukraine shares boundaries with Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, and Russia. Although Ukraine takes up its fair share of space, people seem to revere Ukraine as a smaller country. Maybe it's due to the country's location and proximity to Russia, which is a massive country to begin with. But either way, Ukraine happens to be far larger than people think. Ukraine's total area is about 233,013 square miles in total, making it the second-largest countryin Europe. The Ukrainian population has been said to hover just below 44 million people, making Ukraine the 33rd-largest countries around the world. Even so, Ukraine only accounts for about 0.57% of the global population.

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    Eastern Europe is generally considered to be bordered by the Baltic and Barents seas on the north; the Adriatic, Black, and Caspian seas and the Caucasus Mountainson the south; and the Ural Mountains on the east. The western area of the region is largely glaciated plains. The west central section is dominated by mountains and highlands associated with the Alpine system, with river valleys and structural basins between the highlands. A large, relatively flat, stable, geologic plateau covers the eastern section. The northeastern area of the region is filled with lakes and glacial ridges. Major rivers in Eastern Europe are the Vistula, Danube, Volga, Dnepr, Don, Elbe, Rhône, and Ural.

    Manufacturing industries throughout Eastern Europe are an important factor in regional economics. The Czech Republic is the leading industrial nation in the western section, while Ukraine, the Ural Mountains, and the land along the Volga River are the major urban-industrial regions in the east. However, many of the former Soviet controlled nations are dealing with excessive pollution and significant environmental problems due to lax industrial controls during the Soviet era. The region has excellent commercial forests and agricultural areas, though the growing season in the north is short. The Danube valley countries produce corn and wheat. Rye, potatoes, and livestockare important commodities. Ukraine, known for years as the "Breadbasket of the Soviet Union," is one of the most important wheat producers in Europe. Eastern Europe's major mineral resources are coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, and bauxite. Poverty and unemployment rates are generally high throughout the region,...

    Dominated throughout the twentieth century by the Soviet Union, politics in Eastern Europe has changed significantly since that nation's collapse in 1991. When Mikhail Gorbachev instituted a number of socialist reforms, included was glasnost,which allowed for a limited amount of freedom of expression. Soon to follow was an open criticism of the regime and cries for increased political and economic freedom. In 1989 government after government collapsed in Eastern Europe and political transformation began. The Belavezha Accords of December 1991 declared the Soviet Union officially dissolved and replaced by the Commonwealth of Independent States. This loose confederation attempted to assume some control and create stability during the period of transition. Many of the newly independent republics aligned themselves with the capitalist democracies of Western Europe and individual republics assumed the central government's role. It has been recommended that there are six core concepts tha...

    Hamot, Gregory E. Civic Education Trends in Post-Communist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. ERIC Digest. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
    McNab, Chris. Eastern Europe. Cultures and Costumes. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers, 2003. ISBN 1590844416
    Patrick, John J., Gregory E. Hamot, and Robert S. Leming. International perspectives on education for democracy in the preparation of teachers. Civic learning in teacher education, v. 2. Bloomingto...
    Rohr, Janelle. Eastern Europe: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1990. ISBN 089908480X
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