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  1. The Eastern Orthodox Church, also called the Orthodox Church, is the second-largest Christian church, [a] [6] [7] with approximately 260 million baptized members. [8] [5] [9] It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops via local synods. [9]

  2. Mar 31, 2021 · The Eastern Orthodox Church is somewhat unknown to the western world, in which Protestantism and Catholicism are the predominant Christian denominations. In the teachings of Orthodoxy, the Eastern Orthodox Church is the authentic continuation of the original church established by the Apostles shortly after the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

  3. Eastern Orthodoxy, official name Orthodox Catholic Church, one of the three major doctrinal and jurisdictional groups of Christianity. It is characterized by its continuity with the apostolic church, its liturgy, and its territorial churches. Its adherents live mainly in the Balkans, the Middle East, and former Soviet countries.

  4. The Eastern Orthodox Church believes death and the separation of body and soul to be unnatural—a result of the Fall of Man. They also hold that the congregation of the church comprises both the living and the dead. All persons currently in heaven are considered to be saints, whether their names are known or not.

    • Origin of Eastern Orthodoxy
    • The Widening Gap
    • The Formal Split
    • Founding Patriarch of Constantinople
    • Signs of Hope For Reconciliation Today
    • Sources

    All Christian denominations are rooted in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ and share the same origins. Early believers were part of one body, one church. However, during the ten centuries following the resurrection, the church experienced many disagreements and fractions. Eastern Orthodoxyand Roman Catholicism were the results of these early s...

    Disagreement between these two branches of Christendom had already long existed, but the gap between the Roman and Eastern churches increased throughout the first millennium with a progression of worsening disputes. On religious matters, the two branches disagreed over issues pertaining to the nature of the Holy Spirit, the use of icons in worship ...

    In 1054 AD a formal split occurred when Pope Leo IX (leader of the Roman branch) excommunicated the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius (leader of the Eastern branch), who in turn condemned the pope in mutual excommunication. Two primary disputes at the time were Rome's claim to a universal papal supremacy and the adding of the filioque...

    Michael Cerularius was the Patriarch of Constantinople from 1043 -1058 AD, during Eastern Orthodoxy's formal separation from the Roman Catholic Church. He played a prominent role in the circumstances surrounding the Great East-West Schism. During the time of the Crusades (1095), Rome joined with the East to defend the Holy Land against the Turks, p...

    To the present date, the Eastern and Western churches remain divided and separate. However, since 1964, an important process of dialogue and cooperation has begun. In 1965, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras agreed to formally remove the mutual excommunication of 1054. More hope for reconciliation came when Pope John Paul II visited Greece in 2...

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  5. Apr 11, 2020 · Eastern Orthodox theology is based on the Nicene Creed. The church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, and that its bishops are the successors of Christ’s apostles. [12] It maintains that it practices the original Christian faith, as passed down by holy tradition.

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