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He grew up in Barnstapleand went to Pilton Community College.  2000-2010 he formed a standup comedydouble-act with Andrew Buckley.  He was nominatedfor an The Peter Sellers Award For Comedyin 2011 for his role in the film Skeletons. Gaughan has been a voice over artist since 2007.
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Feb 14, 2020 · Oppenheimer was born on April 22, 1904, in New York City, to German Jewish immigrants. After graduating from Harvard University, Oppenheimer sailed to England and enrolled at the University of...
Early life Childhood and education. J. Robert Oppenheimer was born in New York City on April 22, 1904, to Julius Oppenheimer, a wealthy Jewish textile importer who had immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1888, and Ella Friedman, a painter.
Feb 14, 2021 · J. Robert Oppenheimer, in full Julius Robert Oppenheimer, (born April 22, 1904, New York, New York, U.S.—died February 18, 1967, Princeton, New Jersey), American theoretical physicist and science administrator, noted as director of the Los Alamos Laboratory (1943–45) during development of the atomic bomb and as director of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1947–66). Accusations of disloyalty led to a government hearing that resulted in the loss of his security clearance and ...
- Scientific Beginnings
- Discovering Physics
- An Unstable Mind
- Finding His Calling
- Oppenheimer The Teacher
- Broadening Horizons
- The Manhattan Project
- Dropping Bombs
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was born on April 22nd, 1904 in New York City. His father, Julius, had fled Jewish persecution in Europe as a teenager. His mother, Ella, was also Jewish, with her family having been in New York for several generations. The couple were married in 1903, with Julius, who was known as Robert, being their first child. A second son, Frank came long in 1912, when Robert was eight. The family lived in an upscale apartment on New York’s West Side. Julius had built a successful textile importing business and Ella was a painter. They employed a cook, servants and a chauffeur. Life for young Robert was structured and formal with dinners requiring a suit and tie.
When Robert was five years of age, the family took a vacation to Germany. There he met his grandfather who gave him a collection of minerals. He was mesmerized by the stones, leading to a lifelong obsession with rock collecting. When he was eleven, he joined the New York Mineralogical Club. A year later he presented his first scientific paper. Julius sent his son to the best school he could find, the New York School for Ethical Culture. Robert attended from second grade right through to college graduation. The focus of the education was science, literature and ‘moral law’. Robert was an A Grade student who completely devoted himself to his studies. As a result, he didn’t have much of a social life. Friends were few and far between. In fact, according to his high school English teacher, he once said . . . I’m the loneliest man in the world. Robert was extremely socially awkward as a teenager. From the start he considered himself the smartest guy in the room and this led to an arrogan...
After graduating from high school, he attended Harvard in order to pursue serious scientific studies. He majored in chemistry but soon fell in love with physics. He was admitted into graduate studies in physics and began studying under the famous experimentalist Percy Bridgman. Oppenheimer knew straight way that this was what he wanted to do with his life. He took a rigorous course load each semester, which allowed him to graduate in three years. At that time, the American colleges couldn’t compete with the physics laboratories in Europe. The science world was enthralled with the physics revelations of Albert Einstein and, for any serious up and coming American physicist, crossing the Atlantic was an essential requirement. In 1924, Oppenheimer was admitted to Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England. This was one of the most renowned nuclear physics labs in the world. The lab was under the direction of Ernest Rutherford, who had already won the Nobel Prize for splitting the atom....
A depressed and overwhelmed Oppenheimer went to see a psychiatrist, who told him that he was suffering from schizophrenia. The prognosis was not good, with long-term institutionalization being the standard treatment. Oppenheimer refused to believe the diagnosis. He took a vacation to Paris with his friend Francis Fergusson. However, he wasn’t exactly good company, being consumed with his own melancholy. Fergusson tried to cheer him up by breaking the news that he was going to marry his girlfriend. When he heard this, something snapped inside Oppenheimer’s fragile mind and he leaped upon Fergusson and proceeded to strangle him. Fergusson was able to fend him off, but from then on became convinced that his friend had serious mental problems.
In 1926, Oppenheimer took up a position at the University of Gottingen in Germany. This was the center of theoretical physics in Europe and Oppenheimer landed right in the middle of a revolution in the field. He found himself rubbing shoulders with and learning from the premier names in quantum physics, including Enrico Fermi, Wolfgang Pauli and Werner Heisenberg. Here, finally, Oppenheimer, found his perfect fit. In 1927 he received his Ph.D in physics. Over the next two years he established himself as one of the leading physicists in Europe, publishing sixteen papers on quantum physics. American physicists had been left behind by the European quantum physics revolution. Many of the professors refused to accept the new, counterintuitive theories that went against the grain of everything they had known. This left a slew of young, eager physicists, excited about what was happening in Europe, left out in the cold. Oppenheimer saw himself as the vehicle by which the European advances i...
His first position back in the States was as a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. He now had a head brimming with knowledge and lecture halls filled with students eager to learn from him. The problem was that he didn’t know how to teach. His social awkwardness didn’t help. He would become tongue tied in front of his students. When he did speak his ideas would come out as a jumbled mass of words that simply served to confuse those in attendance. By the end of his first semester, there was just one student remaining who was taking his class for credit. Fortunately, things got better. He applied himself to his teaching and slowly improved his ability. He managed to cut out the verbiage to pare down his lectures, making them both understandable and exciting. As a result, the students, who referred to him as ‘Oppie’, began flocking to his lectures. Within a couple of years, a cult of personality had developed around him and he had his own groupies who were known as ‘O...
It was the effect that the depression had on the lives of his students that made Oppenheimer aware of its devastating impact. This brought him an awareness of just how much political and economic events could affect people’s lives. This awareness was strengthened as he began to take notice of what was happening in Nazi Germany. Having Jewish heritage himself, he looked on with great concern at the rise of Hitler. Yet, it took a woman to transform Oppenheimer’s political concerns into action. Jean Tatlock was a graduate student who was studying for a degree in psychology. She was also a Communist Party member. Tatlock introduced Oppenheimer to the world of radical politics. He joined a number of institutions aligned with the Communists, though there is no evidence that he actually became a card-carrying member of the Communist Party. However, in 1936, his brother Frank moved to California and did join the party. Oppenheimer fell in love with Tatlock and they pursued a tempestuous rel...
The bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, changed the lives of senior physicists in the United States profoundly. Overnight their theoretical research was being called upon to help win the war. The first challenge presented to physicists was to develop a radar system. The country’s top physicists gathered at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Radiation Laboratory, ready to throw themselves into what they thought would be the great work that would win the war. Then, in September 1942, work began on a program that proved to be far more impactful than the Radar project – the development of a nuclear bomb. In 1939, three German physicists had discovered nuclear fission, which enabled a massive amount of energy to be released when neutrons struck a uranium nucleus. Among the first to recognize the massive destructive potential of this technology if it could be harnessed in the form of a bomb were two Hungarian scientists. They made it their mission to warn the President...
As a direct result of a letter he received from Einstein, Roosevelt created the Advisory Committee on Uranium. The Committee begin to stockpile uranium but didn’t move fast enough for Roosevelt. It was soon dissolved and replaced with the National Research Defense Council (NRDC). The council was put in the hands of the army with Brigadier General Leslie Groves having oversight. The project was given an innocuous name so as not to give away its purpose – Groves called it the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was not based in one single location. Rather, there were a number of laboratories located around the country, each tackling a specific aspect of the project. The biggest challenge was the creation of the bomb itself and this task was to be overseen by Oppenheimer. The base of the operation was Los Alamos, a deserted area in the north-central part of New Mexico. This location, which was selected by Oppenheimer himself, was to be his home for the next three years. An old boy...
The decision to make use of the bombs was now in the hands of President Harry S Truman. After much soul-searching he decided to use it on the Japanese in order to force them to surrender. On August 6th, 1945, the B-29 bomber Enola Gay dropped Little Boy over the city of Hiroshima. 90 percent of the city’s buildings were instantly destroyed, along with sixty-six thousand people. However, the immediate Japanese surrender was not forthcoming. On August 9th, Fat Boy was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, causing a further 42,000 deaths. The double whammy was too much. On August, 14, 1945 Emperor Hirohito announced the Japanese surrender. When he first heard that the bombs had brought about the desired effect, Oppenheimer rejoiced, along with the rest of the nation. On later reflection, however, he took in the realization of just what he had unleashed upon the world.
- Early life and education
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J. Robert Oppenheimer, also known as the father of the atomic bomb, was an American nuclear physicist and director of the Los Alamos Laboratory (Manhattan Project). With a project so big that involved the hard work of hundreds of gifted scientists, it may appear quite undue to give so much credit on the shoulders of Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer is, however, still the sole creator and inventor of the nuclear bomb to most people in the world.
Born on 22 April in 1904 in New York City to a rich Jewish father, Oppenheimer became one of the brightest students at Harvard University at a youthful age of seventeen. He also attended Cambridge University in England for higher studies, where Ernest Rutherford, the famous British chemist and physicist, was his teacher. Oppenheimer acquired his Ph.D. from University of Göttingen in Germany, studying under Max Born.
Niels Bohr and other European scientists informed their American contemporaries about the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes successful attempt of splitting the atom in 1939. President Roosevelt was much concerned that the Nazis may utilize this extraordinary technology to create an atomic weapon. This fear led him to institute the Manhattan Project in 1941.
Within one month, two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan. The event almost instantly ended the war, after which Oppenheimer was he became director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey until he retired in 1966.
He was also made the chairperson of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in 1947 until his contract was cancelled in 1954 when he lost his security clearance.
Oppenheimer, due to his conscience and regrets over making such horrible weapons of mass destruction, opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb in 1949. The bomb is often thought to be the Truman administrations answer to the Soviet acquisition of the atomic bomb. Due to this unexpected move, Edward Teller, his colleague at Los Alamos, was made the director of the new project. Oppenheimers patriotism was also questioned and he was even accused of communist sympathies due to his past political affiliations.
For the rest of his life, he shunned politics and performed his duties as the director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton.
J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) was an American theoretical physicist. During the Manhattan Project, Oppenheimer was director of the Los Alamos Laboratory and responsible for the research and design of an atomic bomb.
Apr 22, 2019 · From my perspective as novelist and poet, the multiple narratives of J. Robert Oppenheimer are fascinating: he was a Jewish man raised by German emigrants to become the lead of the weapons project that helped to end WWII; he was a polymath who could speak multiple languages, including Latin and Sanskrit, and adored the poetry of John Donne and George Herbert; he was a communist-turned-patriot ...
Born in: New York City, United States. Quotes By J. Robert Oppenheimer Physicists. Family: Spouse/Ex-: Katherine Puening Harrison (m. 1940) father: Julius Oppenheimer. mother: Ella Friedman. siblings: Frank Oppenheimer. children: Katherine Oppenheimer, Peter Oppenheimer. Died on: February 18, 1967.
- related to: ed gaughan birthplace of robert oppenheimer
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