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  1. Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir apparent to the throne following the death of his elder brother Alphonso.

    Edward II of England - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_II_of_England
  2. Edward II of England - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_II_of_England

    Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir apparent to the throne following the death of his elder brother Alphonso.

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  3. Edward II | Biography, Death, & Facts | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Edward-II-king-of...

    Edward II, byname Edward of Caernarvon, (born April 25, 1284, Caernarvon, Caernarvonshire, Wales—died September 1327, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England), king of England from 1307 to 1327. Although he was a man of limited capability, he waged a long, hopeless campaign to assert his authority over powerful barons.

  4. Edward II of England - Ancient History Encyclopedia

    www.ancient.eu/Edward_II_of_England
    • Personal Qualities
    • Scotland
    • A Divided England
    • Civil War & Abdication
    • Death & Successor

    Edward was born on 25 April 1284 CE at Caernarfon Castle in Wales, the son of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile (b. c. 1242 CE). The prince was athletic, intelligent and keen on the arts but was prone, like most of his Plantagenet ancestors, to a violent and stubborn temper. Another peculiarity was Edward’s passion for manual labour and skills like thatching rather than such traditional knightly pursuits as the medieval tournament. Edward had three elder brothers, but these had all died by the end of 1284 CE, leaving the prince as heir to the throne at a somewhat empty court and perhaps explaining his tendency to spend time with commoners. Edward was formally made the Prince of Wales by his father in 1301 CE, the first eldest son of an English monarch to be awarded this title in a tradition which still continues today.

    Edward I had conquered Wales and had been seemingly intent on adding Scotland to his kingdom but his deathwhile on campaign in July 1307 CE gave the Scots a much-needed reprieve. Robert the Bruce had made himself king in February 1306 CE with the support of the Scottish northern barons, and the country was very far from giving up its independence despite Edward I's repeated attacks. Edward II was crowned on 25 February 1308 CE in Westminster Abbey; he was just 23 years old. His reign would be a disaster, and the only quality he seemed to share with his warrior-king father was his unusual height. The young king had no stomach for warfare and largely ignored his father’s wishes to continue the campaigns in Scotland which allowed King Robert to pick off one by one the English-held castles in his kingdom and to make regular raids into northern England seemingly at will. Not until 1314 CE did Edward lead an army to Scotland, the motivation being the siege of the English-held Stirling Cas...

    Leaving foreign affairs to look after themselves, Edward II mostly spent his time with his pleasure-seeking friends amongst the comforts and attractions of London. One of these associates was Piers Gaveston (aka Peter de Gabaston) who had, despite his humble origins as the son of a mere knight, been made the Earl of Cornwall. Edward may have had a homosexual relationship with Gaveston (historians disagree on this point), but certainly his special favour is indicated in his gift of the earldom, one of the richest land areas and a title usually reserved for the sons of reigning monarchs. Whatever the real relationship between the two men, Edward did pursue convention and arranged for his niece Margaret de Clare to marry his special friend. In addition, the king had married Isabella (b. c. 1289 CE), the daughter of Philip IV of France (r. 1285-1314 CE) on 25 January 1308 CE, a diplomatic tie of significance and a union which produced an heir, Edward, born on 13 November 1312 CE and thr...

    Edward’s kingdom became split into two groups: those for and those in opposition to their ineffectual king. The former were led by Hugh le Despenser, who had replaced Gaveston as the king’s favourite (and probably lover), and the latter by Lancaster. The division even led to all-out warfare with the royalists defeating a rebel army at the Battle of Boroughbridge in Yorkshire in March 1322 CE. Edward then had Lancaster executed (the earl had the misfortune to have an incompetent axeman who needed three blows to do the deed) and summoned a parliament at York to remove any limits he saw to his royal power. There followed a persecution and purge of anyone deemed to have supported Lancaster, but another attempt to invade Scotland only ended in another ignominious defeat in which the king was forced to flee for his life to York. Edward had a knack for choosing the wrong friends, and his military failures were not at all what was expected from a medieval king. Unfortunately for Edward, he...

    Edward II, aged just 43, was murdered on 21 September 1327 CE at what had become his prison, the castle keep of Berkeley Castle. The orders for the execution likely came directly from his wife Isabella and her consort Roger Mortimer who quickly tired of the rumours and plots by the old king’s supporters to restore him to his throne. Wishing to make it look like Edward had died a natural death, he was starved of food, but he still stubbornly clung on to life. The next method employed - if we are to believe later medieval chroniclers - was more successful but considerably more brutal: a red hot iron bar was shoved up into the ex-king’s bowels. Whatever the actual method of execution, Edward was at least granted a decent burial in Gloucester Cathedral. Edward II’s brutal reign and sticky comeuppance would later be immortalised in Christopher Marlowe’s historical play Edward II (c. 1592 CE) which helped secure the king’s lasting infamy as one of England’s worst-ever monarchs. Edward was...

    • Mark Cartwright
  5. Edward II of England - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_II_of_England

    Edward II (April 25, 1284–1327) of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was removed from the throne in January 1327. His tendency to ignore his nobility, in favour of low-born favorites, led to political trouble and eventually to his removal from the throne.

    • 25 February 1308
    • Edward I
    • 7 July 1307 – 20 January 1327
    • Edward III
  6. BBC - History - Edward II

    www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/edward_ii_king.shtml

    Edward II © Edward was a king of England whose reign was marked by conflict with the nobles until he was eventually overthrown by his wife in favour of his son. Edward was born on 25 April 1284,...

  7. Edward II - English Monarchs

    www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_6.htm
    • Early Life
    • Reign
    • The Battle of Bannockburn
    • The Rebellion of Isabella 'The She - Wolf of France'
    • The Death of Edward II
    • The Posthumous Reputation of Edward II

    Edward had been born at Caernarfon Castle on St. Mark's day, 25th April, 1284, the fourth son of Edward I and his first wife Eleanor of Castile. The death of his older brother, Alphonso, a short time later, made the four month old Edward heir to the throne. His mother died when he was five.At the age of sixty, his father remarried in 1299, to Margaret of France, the seventeen year old sister of Phillip IV. His father's new wife was only two years older than himself. Edward became fond of his...

    King Edward II's inglorious reign began in 1307. One of his first acts as King was to re-call Piers Gaveston. The following year, Edward married the twelve year old Isabella of France, the daughter of Phillip IV by Jean of Navarre. He gave all the best jewels, received as wedding presents, to Gaveston, thereby grossly offending his bride. Although the marriage produced four children, two sons, the future Edward III and John and two daughters, Eleanor and Joan, later Queen of Scotland, Edward...

    While Edward dallied with Gaveston Robert the Bruce set about regaining the kingdom of Scotland. Edward lead an army north in 1314 in attempt to halt his advance. They met on Midsummer Day, 22 June, at the Battle of Bannockburn, near Stirling. The encounter was to go down as one of the most resounding defeats in English history.The encounter begun when Henry de Bohun famously charged alone against Robert the Bruce and was killed by an axe blow on the head by the Scottish king. The English arm...

    A coalition of barons, known as the 'Ordainers' rose in rebellion against Edward. He was forced to sign 'Ordinances' to govern England better and Gaveston was held captive at Warwick Castle. Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick and the King's cousin, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster finally brought about Gaveston's death on 19 June, 1312. Edward, distraught, had little choice but to accept the situation, but smoulderingly resentful, he vowed he would be avenged upon them.Edward, having learnt nothing f...

    King Edward II was imprisoned firstly at Kenilworth Catle and later removed to Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire in January 1327. Thomas de Berkeley and Sir John Maltravers were appointed the ex-king's custodians. In the summer of that year, following a failed attempt to release him, in the interests of the safety of the new regime, it was considered more convenient if he were dead.He was placed in a dungeon, into which was thrown filth and rotting animals, in the hope that he would contract...

    Edward III , who was said to have been attached to the memory of his father, felt troubled in his conscience at the part he had been made to play in his overthrow and later commissioned a magnificent memorial effigy for his tomb.He and his Queen, Phillipa of Hainault visited the tomb as pilgrims. Setting an example that was followed by his son, Edward, the Black Prince and Edward II's daughter, Joan, Queen of Scotland. Edward III's grandson, Richard II, made unavailing efforts to have his gre...

  8. Edward II Summary | GradeSaver

    www.gradesaver.com/edward-ii/study-guide/summary

    Edward II Summary Edward II has just become king after the death of his father, and he immediately summons his exiled favorite, Piers Gaveston, to the court. This does not make the nobles of the court happy, as they see Gaveston as basely born and their own influence suffering in light of his.

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    • Emphasis on queen Isabella's court intrigues against Edward ll ?
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    • edward 2 as a tragic hero
      Tragically oblivious, profoundly romantic, self-destructively homosexual and more than a bit flighty, the portrait of England’s monarch Edward II p...
  9. Was English King Edward II Murdered and How Did He Die ...

    www.historyextra.com/period/medieval/the-big...

    If there’s one thing most historians agree on, it’s that Edward II was one of medieval England’s least capable rulers.

  10. Edward II

    edwardthesecond.blogspot.com

    Edward II and Hugh Despenser were in the village of Bishopstone on 31 August 1324, which is hardly likely to be a coincidence, especially as Edward never set foot there at any other time in his reign.

  11. The Tragic Demise of Edward II - Historic UK

    www.historic-uk.com/.../Tragic-Demise-Edward-II

    by Andrew-Paul Shakespeare Today it is common knowledge that Edward II enjoyed the company of both men and women, not that it mattered much in the fourteenth century; God’s anointed were free to make love to whomever they wished, even though (somewhat confusingly) homosexuality was still condemned by the Catholic church.

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