Ainda de acordo com o costume pré-existente, a principal forma de tornar-se um cidadão da Alexandria romana era mostrando, no momento do registro para obter um demo, que pai e mãe eram cidadãos de Alexandria. Os alexandrinos eram os únicos egípcios que podiam obter, a partir daí, a cidadania romana. 
Background. Mark Antony was in Egypt with Cleopatra instead of his wife, Octavia, who also happened to be Octavian's sister. Octavian was scheming to find a way to sever ties with Antony, start a war to crush him, kill a potential rival (Caesar and Cleopatra's son, Caesarion), and take control of the entire Roman world.
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- Roman Empire
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La província romana d'Egipte (Aegyptus) va ser el nom amb què van denominar la regió d'Egipte durant l'Imperi Romà.Després de la mort de Cleòpatra, i amb ella la de la dinastia Ptolemaica que havia governat la zona des de la mort d'Alexandre el Gran; Egipte va esdevenir part de l'Imperi Romà com a província governada per un prefecte nomenat per l'emperador entre els Magister equitum i ...
Based on the above definition, the "cores" of the Greco-Roman world can be confidently stated to have been the Italian Peninsula, Greece, Cyprus, the Iberian Peninsula, the Anatolian Peninsula (modern-day Turkey), Gaul (modern-day France), the Syrian region (modern-day Levantine countries of Israel, Central and Northern Syria, Lebanon and Palestine), Egypt and Roman Africa (corresponding to ...
30 BCE: The Roman conquest of Egypt. 30 BCE: Cleopatra ends her reign as the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt; 27 BCE: Formation of Roman Empire: Octavius is given titles of Princeps and Augustus by Roman Senate - beginning of Pax Romana. Formation of influential Praetorian Guard to provide security to Emperor
Egypt, as the special private domain of the emperor, which was administered by a Praefectus Augustalis, remained the exception. This transfer created some confusion among scholars dealing with Pontius Pilate , governor of Judaea , who was often thought to have been a procurator, until the excavation of the inscribed so-called Pilate Stone ...
The Serapeum of Saqqara is located north west of the Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara, a necropolis near Memphis in Lower Egypt. It was a burial place of the Apis bulls, sacred bulls that were incarnations of Ptah. It was believed that the bulls became immortal after death as Osiris-Apis, a name shortened to Serapis in the Hellenic period. Canopus
Serapis figured among the international deities whose cult was received and disseminated throughout the Roman Empire, with Anubis sometimes identified with Cerberus. At Rome, Serapis was worshiped in the Iseum Campense, the sanctuary of Isis built during the Second Triumvirate in the Campus Martius.