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  1. Persecution of Copts - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · 1 January - Two Coptic Christian brothers were killed by masked gunmen for being inside an alcohol store in Al... 15 January - A Coptic man was killed in Sinai Peninsula El Arish. Two armed Muslim men stopped Bassem and asked him... 2 November - At least seven killed and seven wounded when Bedouins ...

  2. Hypatia - Wikipedia

    3 days ago · Hypatia was the daughter of the mathematician Theon of Alexandria (c. 335 – c. 405 AD). According to classical historian Edward J. Watts, Theon was the head of a school called the "Mouseion", which was named in emulation of the Hellenistic Mouseion, whose membership had ceased in the 260s AD.

    • March 415 AD (aged 45–65), Alexandria, Province of Egypt, Eastern Roman Empire
    • Ancient philosophy
  3. 4 days ago · The village of al Barsha, in the governorate of Minya, was once again the scene of attacks on members of the Coptic Orthodox community there. On Thursday, groups close to Islamist groups, attacked the church and some Coptic houses and shops with stones and molotov cocktails.

    • Children among dozens killed in attack on Coptic Christians’ convoy in Egypt
    • Coptic Christians killed in Egypt bus attack
    • Raw: Egypt Bus Attack Kills Coptic Christians
    • Gunmen kill scores of Coptic Christians in Egypt
  4. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    3 days ago · Cathedrals. Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Alexandria. Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Abbassia, Cairo. Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya, Cairo. Cathedral of the Nativity in Cairo. Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Markham, Ontario, Canada.

  5. List of Genocides, Cultural Genocides and Ethnic Cleansings ...,_Cultural...
    • The Main Table
    • Miscellaneous
    • Bibliography

    Key: 1. No color: Non-Muslims targeted 2. Light green: Predominantly Muslims targeted 3. Orange: Both Muslims and Non-Muslims targeted 4. Dark green: Mainly Shia perpetrators

    The Serbian church was persecuted for centuries under Turkish rule and severely weakened by the 18th century. This caused an out-migration of many Serbs from their native region and also a failed r...
    Since mid-1980s, more than 20,000 Shia Muslims and hundreds of Ahmadis have been killed in Pakistan by Sunni terrorists sponsored by generals of Pakistan Army.
    Boyce, Mary (2001), Zoroastrians, their religious beliefs and practices(2 ed.), New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 148-252, ISBN 9780415239028
    Stepaniants, Marietta (2002), "The Encounter of Zoroastrianism with Islam", Philosophy East and West, University of Hawai'i Press, 52 (2): pp. 159–172, doi:10.1353/pew.2002.0030, ISSN 0031-8221, JS...
    Johnstone, Patrick. The Future of the Global Church: History, Trends and PossiblitiesInterVarsity Press, 17 Jan 2014. ISBN 0830856951
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  7. ISIS's Persecution of Religions | Counter Extremism Project
    • Executive Summary
    • Directly Targeted by Isis
    • The Vilification of Other Religious Groups
    • Conclusion

    On March 15, 2016, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously voted to classify ISIS’s actions targeting religious minorities in the so-called Islamic State as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and acts of genocide. Two days later, then U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry confirmed that ISIS “kills Christians because they are Christians; Yazidis because they are Yazidis; [and] Shia because they are Shia.” As the former Secretary said, ISIS’s “entire worldview is based on eliminating those who do not subscribe to its perverse ideology.” (Sources: Christianity Today, U.S. Department of State) As ISIS targets religious minorities within its held territory, the group also calls for attacks against Christians, so-called apostates, Jews, and Hindus worldwide. One article from ISIS’s online English-language magazine Dabiq declared that the militant group rejects any religion that does not parallel its own extremist brand of Sunni Islam. “We hate you,” the article directed at its secul...

    Hundreds of thousands of Yazidis, Christians, and Mandaeans in Iraq and Syria have been displaced, killed, kidnapped, raped, and tortured by ISIS militants. ISIS’s treatment of these minorities has been characterized by the international community as genocide and crimes against humanity. According to a June 2016 report by the United Nations, more than 400,000 Yazidis have been displaced, captured, or killed since August 2014, when ISIS launched a deadly siege on Yazidis in Mount Sinjar. According to a 2016 report by the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, “no other religious group” in ISIS-controlled areas “has been subjected to the destruction that the Yazidis have suffered.” (Sources: United Nations, Guardian) Yazidis, who practice a combination of Zoroastrianism, Mithraism, and Islam, have long been ostracized and accused of devil-worship by some Muslim populations in the Levant, due to perceived similarities between the Yazidi angel Tawusi Melek and the Islamic devil Shayta...

    ISIS incites, executes, and celebrates attacks against religious groups that reside outside of its territorial strongholds. On various occasions, ISIS has expressed its desire to target Jews and Hindus in particular, and professed its aims to eradicate the state of Israel and conquer India. ISIS has sought to incite attacks against Jews around the world and has vowed to turn Israel into a “graveyard.” (Sources: Anti-Defamation League, VICE) Worldwide In September 2014, former ISIS spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani released a video in which he blamed Jews for organizing the international coalition against ISIS. In that speech, Adnani called for attacks against Western soldiers and civilians, and calling U.S. President Barack Obama a “mule of the Jews.” Adnani said, “The Jews! The Jews! Save the Jews!’ This is the reason they [the U.S.-led coalition] came.” ISIS supporters have also urged anti-Semitic attacks. In one post from February 2017, ISIS supporters on Telegram urged fanatics t...

    ISIS demonizes, threatens, and persecutes members of different religious groups, both within its so-called Islamic State and beyond. Among those attacked and persecuted within ISIS-controlled territory are Yazidis, Christians, Mandaeans, Shiites, Shabaks, Alawites, Sufis, and so-called apostates. ISIS also attempts to vilify and target Jews and Hindus outside of the group’s controlled territories, denouncing them as sinners and enemies of Islam in attempt to harvest additional support from prospective recruits abroad. ISIS maintains that non-Muslims must convert to Islam or die. Notably, however, the militants have committed some of their most violent and deadly attacks against other Muslims—including Shiites, Shabaks, Alawites, and Sufis, as well as secular or dissident Sunnis—whom the group labels as apostates. ISIS’s extremist ideology requires all religions to embrace the group’s radical and perverse ideology, or else face persecution, abuse, torture and death. Backed by its vio...

  8. ISIS Video Shows Double Mass Killings of Ethiopian Christians ...

    6 days ago · The 29-minute long video captures two separate mass killings in Libya of Christians. According to ISIS, the Christians were killed for not paying jizya, a tax all non-Muslims must pay to live under Islam (Koran 9:29). The murders of the first group of Christians is believed to have taken place in Libya’s Fezzan region.

  9. Religion in Egypt - Wikipedia

    Feb 19, 2021 · On January 7, 2010, Muslim gunmen open fire on Christian worshipers leaving a church in Nag Hammadi resulting in the murder of nine Coptic Christians. On January 1, 2011, at least 21 people were killed and 83 injured when a car bomb exploded outside a Coptic Christian church in Alexandria. On 7 May 2011, a church was burnt down in Cairo.

  10. Analysis of the Pact of Umar - WikiIslam
    • Introduction
    • Analysis of The Pact
    • Conclusion
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Much has been said of the Pact of Umar, and much of it distinctly positive. Its non-Muslim admirers gleefully compare its contents to the treatment of religious minorities in Medieval Europe, while ignoring its influence and conformity with Islamic scriptural sources which still govern the treatment of minorities in the East today. This article analyzes the rights and limitations placed on the Christians, to see just how free non-Muslims really were under the Rightly-guided Caliph.

    At first reading, it may seem like this pact was drafted by the Christians themselves. However, the terms were dictated to them by Umar. This is standard procedure for any agreement we may sign today, whether it be a receipt for a grocery delivery or the deeds to our homes. This, along with the true purpose of some of its demands, are confirmed by Ibn Kathir in his widely accepted tafsir. "Allah said, (until they pay the Jizyah), if they do not choose to embrace Islam, (with willing submission), in defeat and subservience, (and feel themselves subdued.), disgraced, humiliated and belittled. Therefore, Muslims are not allowed to honor the people of Dhimmah or elevate them above Muslims, for they are miserable, disgraced and humiliated. Muslim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said, (Do not initiate the Salam to the Jews and Christians, and if you meet any of them in a road, force them to its narrowest alley.) This is why the Leader of the faithful `Umar bin Al-Khattab, may...

    Many point to this pact as proof of Islam's inherent tolerance towards other beliefs, by applying the logical fallacy of ad-hominem tu-quoqueagainst past followers of other religions and their intolerances during the medieval period. One must consider that no two religions are the same, some are inherently more adaptable to change than others, so this fallacious comparison could not be further from the truth. According to Islamic theology, Umar is one of four 'Rightly-guided Caliphs. Therefore, he is considered by them to be a model Muslim leader. His actions and this pact perfectly reflect the teachings of the Qur'an and the Hadith (together forming Islamic sacred law, or Sharia). Yes, this may be considered to be progressive for something allegedly written in the 7thcentury, but that was almost 1500 years ago, and it is anything but tolerant by modern western standards. While today's Secular Europeans and Christians can and have denounced (and even apologized) for past atrocities...

    Why Islam can let a church die - Article discussing anti-Coptic violence in Egypt and how it is theologically justified by the Pact (archived),

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