Malthus’s Population Theory In 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus, a British clergyman and professor, wrote an essay showing the way to modern demography. In 1824 he wrote a shorter final version, the article on population for that years Encyclopedia Britannica.
Thomas Robert Malthus FRS ( / ˈmælθəs /; 13/14 February 1766 – 23 December 1834) was an English cleric, scholar and influential economist in the fields of political economy and demography. In his 1798 book An Essay on the Principle of Population, Malthus observed that an increase in a nation's food production improved the well-being of ...
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View EmilyJacksonEssayUnit4Soc101.docx from SOC MISC at Maysville Community and Technical College. Essay Unit 4 Emily Jackson The Malthus theorem is a theory of exponential population growth
Nov 07, 2011 · Only 86 years after he wrote An Essay On The Principles Of Population, his branch of the family tree ended with the death of his last surviving daughter, Emily. Malthus didn’t foresee family ...
Thomas Malthuss Overpopulation Theory. A little over two hundred years ago a man by the name of Thomas Malthus wrote a document entitled “An Essay on the Principle of Population” which essentially stated that there is an imbalance between our ability to produce food and our ability to produce children. He said human beings are far better at ...
- An Influential Character
- More Population, Fewer Resources
- Malthus Solutions
- Natality Control
- Other Contributions
Thomas Robert Malthus was born in the rural Dorking region of Great Britain on February 14, 1766, into a well-off family group. This gave him the possibility of having a broad cultural training. Thomas' father, Daniel Malthus, insisted on training his offspring following the postulates and principles of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, contained in The Emilio. In addition, the friendship that his father had with David Hume (philosopher), with the Marquis de Condorcet (an outstanding economist) and with his colleague William Godwin, undoubtedly marked the style of education. Although the educational model was chosen by the father, everything was done under the diligent eye of his mother Henrietta Malthus.
As was to be expected in a young man of his category, at the age of 18 he entered Jesus College in Cambridge. In 1788 he graduated and just a couple of years later he got a Bachelor of Arts; It was the year 1791. From 1793 he was part of his house of studies and it was in 1797 when he was ordained as an Anglican priest, fulfilling a custom of the time that contemplated that the non-firstborn son could take a path of religious consecration. A few years later, in 1804, he married Harriet Eckersall, with whom he had three children: Henry, Emily, and Lucy. It was in 1805 that he became a faculty member at East India Company’s College in Haileybury. There he served as professor of Political Economy and History; Furthermore, he stood out for being the first to teach what was the pioneering chair of political economy within the United Kingdom.
His academic training, and especially the fact of having shared with prominent figures from different branches of knowledge, strengthened his thoughts and allowed him to come up with important findings, theories and discoveries, with which he earned the respect and admiration of those around him. . The entire theoretical body of Malthus made him a man of great influence in various fields of knowledge. This is evidenced by its inclusion in the Royal Society from 1810. In addition to being one of the 20 founding members of the Club for Economic Policy from 1821, he formed the Statistical Society of London, as well as several similar bodies of great renown in Paris and Berlin.
In his beginnings, in 1792 he wrote The crisis. It was a document that was not published and that was part of the trend of "poor laws", in which it was intended to give opportunities to the less favored. His most famous work is Essay on the principle of population,The first edition of which was published anonymously and arose from the discussions that the young man had with his father. In this sense, Daniel Malthus was convinced that the situation of misery in the world was due to the mismanagement of the administration, since the Earth was fully capable of supporting all the men and women who inhabited it. Thomas's father argued that to remedy this situation of poverty it was necessary to improve the public health care that was stipulated in these "poor laws".
Contrary to what his father thought, Thomas was convinced that the increase in population was considerably greater than the resources to survive. The previous statement implied a mathematical principle: population increases in a geometric progression; instead, foods grow in a progression with arithmetic characteristics. According to Malthus' postulates, there are more people than resources to attend to them, which is why conflicts for survival are generated. A geometric progression is defined as a series of numbers that grows constantly by multiplying the previous one by a variable. Meanwhile, the arithmetic progression states that growth is achieved by adding a fixed number to the previous one. In this way, after a while, the first progression will have grown greatly while the second lags behind. This means that, while the population could double after a short time, the amount of food available to the population would have only a small variation. That same population, by reproducin...
Because Thomas Malthus considered that the cause of the crises was demographic, he was convinced that the application of reformist policies, such as those supported by his father, would have no effect on the resolution of the problem. Rather, he considered that these reforms would bring more problems, such as interventionism and socialism. He believed that these “laws of the poor”, by improving the living conditions of the less favored, would cause them to continue to reproduce in an uncontrolled way, thereby accelerating the famine that he predicted. The young Malthus proposed to take completely revolutionary and even controversial measures for his time, mainly focused on reducing the number of settlers. Basically he was betting on the natural regulation of the population through events such as wars, natural disasters and epidemics. In this way, the number of individuals would be considerably reduced and the survivors would experience the abundance of food.
It also suggested taking birth control, delaying marriages and avoiding premarital sex. Because of her religious position, she rejected any other type of contraceptive method and abortion. Having deepened his knowledge of the means of food production, he made no effort to propose mechanisms to increase the quantity that was produced, since this would immediately translate into a significant increase in the population and, therefore, in the deepening of the problem.
Thanks to the development of his theories on population growth, Malthus is considered one of the first demographers. His thinking has made it have a clear influence on the political, economic, social, scientific and even cultural spheres, even today.
In the economic sphere, Malthusian ideas have influenced the development of development and resource depletion models. In addition, it has supported the development of theories on energy generation and consumption, which also predict a collapse if the population continues to grow uncontrollably without the sustained production of new forms of energy.