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    • Constantine IX Monomachos - Wikipedia
      • Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Monomachus ( Medieval Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος, romanized : Kōnstantinos IX Monomachos; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_IX_Monomachos
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  2. John VIII Palaiologos - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › John_VIII_Palaiologos

    4 days ago · John VIII Palaiologos named his brother Constantine XI, who had served as regent in Constantinople in 1437–1439, as his successor. Despite the machinations of his younger brother Demetrios Palaiologos his mother Helena was able to secure Constantine XI's succession in 1448.

  3. Konstantinos XI Palaiologos - Wikidata

    www.wikidata.org › wiki › Q37142

    Apr 18, 2021 · Constantine XI Dragases Palaeologus, Emperor of Constantinople. Constantine XI Palaiologos. edit. Language. Label. Description. Also known as. English. Konstantinos XI Palaiologos.

  4. Apr 30, 2021 · Weegy: The Ottomans began the final assault on April 6, 1453. The Emperor Constantine XI refused to surrender the city to the Muslims and felt secure behind the city walls. [ However, the Turks brought cannons and used them to slowly demolish Byzantine defenses. The new technology rendered medieval military defense obsolete.

  5. List of Roman emperors - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Roman_Emperor

    Apr 26, 2021 · Emperor of the Romans Former Monarchy Cameo of an eagle, a symbol of the Roman emperors (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna) First monarch Augustus: Last monarch Constantine XI Julius Nepos (western empire) Style Imperator, Augustus, Caesar, Princeps, Dominus Noster, Autokrator or Basileus (depending on period) Appointer Senate and People of Rome

    • Augustus
    • 16 January 27 BC
  6. Constantine the Great - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Constantine_the_Great

    5 days ago · Kōnstantînos; 27 February c. 272 – 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was a Roman emperor from 306 to 337. Born in Naissus, Dacia Mediterranea (now Niš , Serbia ), he was the son of Flavius Constantius , a Roman army officer born in Dardania who became one of the four emperors of the Tetrarchy .

    • 25 July 306 – 22 May 337 (alone from 19 September 324)
    • Helena
  7. 100 Byzantine Empire Facts Stills Surprise the ... - Country FAQ

    www.countryfaq.com › byzantine-empire-facts

    Apr 28, 2021 · Although we consider Constantine I the Great (306-337) as the primary “Byzantine” emperor, he truly spent most of his reign as Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Histories have so many empires tales that have been profitable, however after a while confronted extraordinarily fall out. The same case happens with the Byzantine Empire.

  8. Byzantine Clothing - Byzantine Empire - Martel Fashion

    www.martelnyc.com › byzantine-empire › introduction
    • Constantine and The
    • Galla Placida and I
    • Noble Couple
    • Empress
    • Sixth-Cen
    • Seventh-Century
    • Eighth-Century Townswomen
    • Emperor Romanus II
    • Members of The Court
    • Eleventh-Century

    According to legend, Constantine I (at left) dreamed that an angel told him to go to battle under the Christian cross to achieve a victory. The emperor followed the angel's advice and was victorious, his success leading to his founding the Byzantine empire. gel (fourth century) Constantine's mantle and tunica were depicted in bright primary colors in Byzantine art, the angel's (at right) in pastel tones. The mantle is fastened in typical style over the right shoulder with a jeweled clasp. Constantine wears decorated slip-on shoes. Fourth-century Early Left: The woman wears a long-sleeved tunica under a short-sleeved stola for everyday wear at home. The belted waist gives a blousy effect. Right: The man wears a long-sleeved light-colored tunica and dark wool Christian Commoners cloak, fastened at his right shoulder. Both have multicolored geometric embroidered trim on their garments, she at the neck, sleeves, and waist, he at the sleeves. Fourth-century Byzantine Wc Left: The woman i...

    Galla Placida was the half-sister of Emperor Arcadius and the mother of Emperor Valentiriian III (he ruled the western Roman empire from 425 to 455, after the division of the empire into east and west). Left: Galla Placida wears a camisia with jeweled sleeves under a long, ror Valentinian III brightly colored silk tunica and a palla of royal purple. Right: Her son, Valentinian III, is wearing a brocaded tunica, as well as a brocaded mantle fastened with a fibula. His stockings and slippers are brightly colored. Fifth-century Man of Rank and Woman of Faith Left: The man wears a brightly colored tunica under a is dressed in a light-colored camisia covered by a dark mantle of contrasting color. His stockings and boots circular cloak and light-colored mantle, are also crafted in jewel-like colors. Right: The woman Fifth-century Evangelist and Warrior Left: The evangelist is dressed in a dark tunica with over a leather apron and white camisia. He has leather light trim worn under a dark...

    Phrygian cap is made of brightly colored felt. Right: The noblewoman wears an embroidered dalmatic over a long camisia. Her flowing silk palla is the same color as her camisia.

    Shown here are two costumes attributed to Theodora. In her day, she was considered to be the most beautiful, as well as the most powerful, woman in the world. Left: Theodora wears a patterned stola over a jeweled, embroidered camisia, topped by a jeweled collar and Theodora belt. Her palla is made of sheer silk edged with teardrop pearls. Right: The empress wears a semi-circular palla, edged with pearls and decorated with an embroidered religious tablion. Her coif and collar feature large pearls and precious stones.

    A courtier couple at Emperor Justinian's court. Left: The man wears a heavily brocaded mantel with a tablion over a brightly colored tunica, which is decorated with multicolor embroidery. His hose are patterned, and his boots are of brightly colored soft Courtiers leather. Right: The woman wears a long, patterned tunica with embroidered patches. Her palla is also made of patterned, brocaded silk. On her head she wears a light-colored rolled-brim turban. Seventh-century Cav A cavalryman and a foot soldier show the subtle differences in military costume. The cavalryman wears long, fitted sleeves with leather arm bands. His cloak is shorter and he wears hose, whereas the foot soldier is nan and Foot Soldier bare legged; the cavalryman's shield is smaller than the oblong one carried by the foot soldier. Their helmets are generally the same, but the cavalryman has a feather crest. Seventh-century Court Performer This dancing girl is performing the dance of Salomé at gown is decorated wit...

    Left: The courtier wears a brightly colored short tunica with embroidered sleeves over his light-colored camisia and cloth leggings; an embroidered purse hangs from his belt. His mantle has a richly embroidered border Courtier and Priest and tablion and is fastened with a fibula. He wears tall leather boots with open toes. Right: The priest wears a long camisia under his tunica; the circular mantle is topped by a lorum embroidered with crosses. Eighth-century Townswoman and Foot Soldier Left: The townswoman wears a plainly cut, natural-colored dalmatic-style tunica over her linen camisia. Her hair is bound in a linen coif with a woolen cap. Right: The foot soldier wears a mail lorica with leather strips for skirt and shoulder guards over his linen camisia. His legs are bare, and he wears leather high-topped sandals. His lorica has leather shoulder straps, which are held down by a band of cloth wrapped around the chest. He also has on a short cloak, and he wears a metal helmet.

    Two townswomen are shown here wearing long dal- with embroidered edging. These garments would have ma tic-style tumcas over their camisias, as well as pallas displayed muted coin's derived ffoZZ7dl Ninth-century Commoners Both of these ninth-century men wear short tunicas delettes. The man on the right wears leather boots and with embroidery trim over loose cloth hose. The man on hose tied with fabric garters. Again, their costumes the left wears a short cloak; his leather-soled shoes are would be made of subdued colors derived from natural secured to the leg with a wrapping of leather ban- herbal dyes in shades of tan, soft green, and pale yellow. Tenth-century Priest This Byzantine priest wears a dark pallium decorated cut long in the back so it could be draped over the with white panels and black crosses over his brocaded arms in the front, as shown here, tunica and long camisia. The ecclesiastical pallium was

    These images of Emperor Romanus II (ruled 959-963) and his first wife, Empress Eudokia, are derived from a late eleventh-century ivory carving, once thought to depict Romanus IV and his wife, Empress Eudoxia. and Empress Eudokia Here, the emperor and empress wear splendidly ornate costumes embroidered with pearls. Their crowns are embellished with ornamental pendants.

    Otto III, a German warrior-king (ruled 996-1002), conquered Byzantium and became emperor. His tastes were less ornate than those of his predecessors, and for a while Byzantine costumes resembled Germanic medieval garb. Here, a man and woman of rank from Otto III (tenth century) Otto's court wear robes of simple, barely embellished design. The man's cloak is dark; his pale tunica has jeweled, gold-embroidered trim. The woman wears a dark robe with gold banding and a light-colored palla draped over the shoulder and wrapped about the waist. After the reign of Otto III the Greeks regained the empire, and their taste for lavish decoration was reestablished. Emperor Nicephorus III (ruled 1078-1081) and his empress are shown wearing gold brocade coronation robes with embroidered trim. A Emperor Nicephorus III and his Empress multicolored jeweled lorum is wrapped across the emperor's chest and hips. The empress has a jeweled collar and jeweled woman's version of the lorum wrapped around her...

    The empress's dark gown is adorned in the front with a light-colored decorative panel. Multicolored embroidery enhances the ensemble. The emperor is wearing his military apparel, consisting of a dark cloak worn Royal Robes over a white, long-sleeved camisia, a metal lorica, a short tunica with embroidered trim, and cloth stockings. His boots are leather, studded with jewels. Eleventh-century The women of the upper classes were rarely seen in public; nevertheless, the robes that they wore at home were constructed of fine fabrics and were richly jeweled and embroidered. On the right, the woman is depicted jer-class Woman almost entirely covered by her palla, a garment required when she left the home. The palla was generally of a very dark color, whereas the gown would have displayed brighter, more jewel-like tones. Twelfth-century Princess tunica with embroidered trim Left: This Byzantine princess wears ^^ S dark brocaded mantle, which features a and jewel-trimmed camisia with a l>ght...

  9. Turgon - Tolkien Gateway

    tolkiengateway.net › wiki › Turgon

    Apr 17, 2021 · There is a clear correlation between Turgon and the Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI, specially in The Book of Lost Tales as summarized above. When he was asked to escape during the Fall of Constantinople, Constantine XI pronounced himself in the same terms as Turgon: God forbid that I should live as an Emperor without an Empire.

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