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  1. Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Wikipedia

    Empress Elisabeth of Austria (born Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria; 24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary by marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I. She was born into the royal Bavarian House of Wittelsbach .

  2. Empress Elisabeth of Austria Biography - Facts, Childhood ...

    Empress Elisabeth was the Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary from 1854 to 1898, for nearly 44 years. She has the distinction of being the longest-serving Empress of Austria. Born in a family of nobles in Germany, she was known for being extremely beautiful in her youth.

  3. Empress Elisabeth of Austria - WIKI 2. Wikipedia Republished
    • Biography
    • Assassination
    • Legacy
    • Portrayal of Elisabeth in The Arts
    • Titles, Styles, Honours and Arms
    • References
    • External Links

    Duchess in Bavaria

    Born Elis­a­beth Amalie Eugenie on 24 De­cem­ber 1837 in Mu­nich, Bavaria, she was the fourth child of Duke Max­i­m­il­ian Joseph in Bavaria and Princess Lu­dovika of Bavaria, the half-sis­ter of King Lud­wig I of Bavaria. Max­i­m­il­ian was con­sid­ered to be rather pe­cu­liar; he had a child­ish love of cir­cuses and trav­eled the Bavar­ian coun­try­side to es­cape his du­ties. The fam­ily's homes were the Her­zog-Max-Palais in Mu­nich dur­ing win­ter and Pos­sen­hofen Cas­tlein the sum­mer...

    Empress of Austria

    After en­joy­ing an in­for­mal and un­struc­tured child­hood, Elis­a­beth, who was shy and in­tro­verted by na­ture, and more so among the sti­fling for­mal­ity of Hab­s­burg court life, had dif­fi­culty adapt­ing to the Hof­burg and its rigid pro­to­cols and strict eti­quette. Within a few weeks, Elis­a­beth started to dis­play health prob­lems: she had fits of cough­ing and be­came anx­ious and fright­ened when­ever she had to de­scend a nar­row steep staircase. She was sur­prised to find s...

    Physical regimen

    At 172 cm (5 feet 8 inches), Elis­a­beth was un­usu­ally tall. Even after four preg­nan­cies she main­tained her weight at ap­prox­i­mately 50 kg (110 pounds, 7 st 12 lbs) for the rest of her life. She achieved this through fast­ing and ex­er­cise, such as gym­nas­tics and rid­ing. Elis­a­beth was strongly at­tached to her par­ents, es­pe­cially to her mother, and was still a child in search of an iden­tity of her own when an adult role with un­usual oblig­a­tions and re­stric­tions was im­po...

    In 1898, de­spite warn­ings of pos­si­ble as­sas­si­na­tion at­tempts, the sixty-year-old Elis­a­beth trav­eled incog­nito to Geneva, Switzer­land, al­though some­one from the Hôtel Beau-Ri­vagere­vealed that the Em­press of Aus­tria was their guest. At 1:35 p.m. on Sat­ur­day 10 Sep­tem­ber 1898, Elis­a­beth and Count­ess Irma Sztáray de Sztára et Nagymihály, her lady-in-wait­ing, left the hotel on the shore of Lake Geneva on foot to catch the steamship Genève for Mon­treux. Since the em­press de­spised pro­ces­sions, she in­sisted that they walk with­out the other mem­bers of her entourage. They were walk­ing along the prom­e­nade when the 25-year-old Ital­ian an­ar­chist Luigi Lucheni ap­proached them, at­tempt­ing to peer un­der­neath the em­press's para­sol. Ac­cord­ing to Sztáray, as the ship's bell an­nounced the de­par­ture, Lucheni seemed to stum­ble and made a move­ment with his hand as if he wanted to main­tain his bal­ance. In re­al­ity, in an act of "pro­pa­ganda of the...

    Upon her death, Franz Joseph founded the Order of Eliz­a­bethin mem­ory of her. On the prom­e­nade in Ter­ritet, there is a mon­u­ment to Em­press Elis­a­beth of Aus­tria. This town is be­tween Mon­treux and Chateau Chillon. In 1988, his­to­rian Brigitte Hamann wrote The Re­luc­tant Empress, a bi­og­ra­phy of Elis­a­beth, re­viv­ing in­ter­est in Franz Joseph's con­sort. Un­like pre­vi­ous por­tray­als of Elis­a­beth as a one-di­men­sional fairy tale princess, Hamann por­trayed her as a bit­ter, un­happy woman full of self-loathing and var­i­ous emo­tional and men­tal dis­or­ders. She was seen to have searched for hap­pi­ness, but died a bro­ken woman who never found it. Hamann's por­trayal ex­plored new facets of the leg­end of Sisi, as well as con­tem­plat­ing the role of women in high-level pol­i­tics and dynasties.[citation needed] A large num­ber of chapels were named in her ho­n­our, con­nect­ing her to Saint Elis­a­beth. Var­i­ous parks were named after her, such as the Em­pr...


    In 1932 the comic op­eretta Sissi pre­miered in Vi­enna. Com­posed by Fritz Kreisler, the li­bretto was writ­ten by Ernst and Hu­bert Marischka, with or­ches­tra­tions by Robert Rus­sell Ben­nett.Al­though the pet name of the em­press was al­ways spelled, "Sisi," never "Sissi," this in­cor­rect ver­sion of her name per­sisted in the works about her that fol­lowed. In 1943 Jean Cocteau wrote a play about an imag­ined meet­ing be­tween Elis­a­beth and her as­sas­sin, L'Aigle à deux têtes(The Ea...


    In his 1978 bal­let, May­er­ling Ken­neth MacMil­lan por­trayed Elis­a­beth in a pas de deuxwith her son Prince Rudolf, the prin­ci­pal char­ac­ter in the bal­let. In 1993 French bal­le­rina Sylvie Guillem ap­peared in a piece en­ti­tled, Sissi, l'impérat­ice anarchiste (Sissi, An­ar­chist Em­press), chore­o­graphed by Mau­rice Béjart to Strauss's Em­peror Waltz.


    The 1921 film Kaiserin Elis­a­beth von Österreich was one of the first films to focus en­tirely on Elis­a­beth. It was co-writ­ten by Elis­a­beth's niece, Marie Lar­isch (who played her younger self at the age of 62), and starred Carla Nelsen as the title char­ac­ter. The film later achieved no­to­ri­ety when a group of con-artistsstarted sell­ing stills from the mur­der scene as ac­tual pho­tographs of the crime. Adolf Trotz di­rected the 1931 Ger­man film Elis­a­beth of Aus­tria. In 1936, C...

    Titles and styles

    1. 24 December 1837 – 24 April 1854: Her Royal HighnessDuchess Elisabeth in Bavaria 2. 24 April 1854 – 10 September 1898: Her Imperial and Royal Apostolic MajestyThe Empress of Austria, Apostolic Queen of Hungary


    Domestic 1. She was Grand Mistress of the following chivalric orders: 1.1. Order of the Starry Cross 1.2. Order of Elizabeth and Theresa Foreign 1. Spain: 481st Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa


    1. Nicole Avril: L'impératrice, Paris, 1993 2. Jennifer Bowers Bahney: "Stealing Sisi's Star: How a master thief nearly got away with Austria's most famous jewel," (McFarland & Co., 2015) (ISBN 078649722X) 3. Philippe Collas: Louis II de Bavière et Elisabeth d'Autriche, âmes sœurs, Éditions du Rocher, Paris/Monaco 2001 (ISBN 978 2 268 03884 1) 4. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elizabeth of Austria" . Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 5. Konstantin Christomanos: Diar...

  4. The assassination of Empress Elisabeth of Austria – Europeana ...
    • Story
    • Synopsis
    • Death
    • Reactions
    • Aftermath
    • Assessment

    It was a beautiful Indian summer day 117 years ago in Geneva, Switzerland, when Empress Elisabeth of Austria left the Hotel Beau-Rivage, where she spent a night incognito, to hurry to the steamship Genève. On this Saturday, 10 September 1898, Empress Elisabeth was assassinated by Luigi Lucheni, an Italian anarchist. The tragic event was well covered in the coeval press, as Elisabeth of Austria also known as Sisi (not Sissi, like in the movies)  was a mysterious fairy-tale princess. She was obsessively concerned about her beauty and spent several hours a day just to groom her knee-long hair. Sports and diets were her passion, and she loved to hike and to ride, but was so slim that she suffered from famine oedema.

    As a Bavarian princess who enjoyed a happy and unstrained childhood, the extremely strict court life in Vienna was a burden Elisabeth never got used to. She started to travel and wrote melancholic poems, and after the tragic death of her only son Rudolf she disappeared nearly completely from the Austrian court.

    Luigi Lucheni, a poor man full of rage for the upper nobility, ran towards them as they walked by on the promenade and stabbed Elisabeth directly into her heart with a self-made weapon composed of a small sharp file. But neither the empress nor her lady-in-waiting realised what really happened. Thinking of a robbery attempt, they went on boarding the ship. A few minutes later, Elisabeth lost consciousness and died.

    Needless to say, the public, especially in Austria and Hungary, was shocked and in deep mourning. A lot of newspapers were published with a black mourning border, like Der Burggräfler or Meraner Zeitung. There were long extra issues about the life and death of Empress Elisabeth, for example this broadly illustrated Österreichische Illustrierte Zeitung. Some followed Elisabeths passion for poetry and wrote own poems like Die Bombe or Pusterthaler Bote, the Weltblatt just published her last picture (it shows her in her early thirties, she wanted to be remembered young and beautiful, so she refused to sit for any portraits or photographs later on). Less emotional and without huge headlines were the reactions in Prussia, where Berliner Tageblatt newspaper articles focused on the assassin Lucheni and detailed descriptions of the events in the Neue Hamburger Zeitung. The European press also covered the news extensively, just find some examples in French La Croix and Le Martin, La Unión Católica in Spain, the Allgemeen Handelsblad in the Netherlands and also overseas colonial newspapers reported, like Sumatra-courant.

    Elisabeths body was brought back to Vienna, where her funeral cortege followed her on 17 September 1898 to the tomb of the Capuchins (get an impression at Österreichische Illustrierte Zeitung). Her assassin Lucheni was caught and confessed immediately. He was brought to Geneva court on 11 November 1898, where he was incarcerated for life, what Luigi regretted a lot, as a death penalty would have had been much more catchpenny. During his process Lucheni declared that he came to the decision to murder the first high-born person that he would meet in Geneva (e.g. Hamburger Anzeiger, 12 November 1898), it was just a coincidence that he found out about Elisabeth.

    Elisabeth of Austria was one of the first true European citizens, not so much because she was Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Queen consort of Croatia and Bohemia, but because she spent most of her life travelling and deeply loved all the miscellaneous peoples and cultures. She seemed to be a fairy-tale princess, with the undivided love of her husband Emperor Franz-Josef and a paradigm for beauty. Yet this was not the life she was born to live and she tried to break out of her golden cage her whole lifetime.

  5. Empress Elizabeth of Austria 1837-98 : Sisi In England

    Empress Elizabeth of Austria 1837-98 Sisi was never meant to become Empress Elisabeth of Austria Hungary, the largest empire in central and western Europe. Her mother Duchess Ludovika of Bavaria and her aunt Sophia, the mother of Emperor Franz Josef, had plotted for Sisi’s elder sister Helene to marry the young emperor.

  6. Elizabeth, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary ...

    Oct 03, 2019 · The story of the life of Elizabeth of Bavaria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, is one of the saddest in the history of royalty, and in some respects recalls the story of the life of Marie Antoinette. Both their lives were sorrowful, both ended tragically, the one at the hands of an assassin, the other upon the guillotine.

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  8. ‘Erin cordially welcomes the Empress’:Elizabeth of Austria ...

    ‘Erin cordially welcomes the Empress’:Elizabeth of Austria-Hungary in Ireland, 1879 and 1880 Published in 18th–19th - Century History , Features , Issue 3 (May/June 2011) , Volume 19 Portrait of Empress Elizabeth of Austria in dancing dress, 1865, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter.

  9. The Empress Elizabeth of Austria - corsets

    The Empress Elizabeth of Austria In: ''Fashion and Fetishism'' by David Kunzle. Elisabeth was born in 1837 of the eccentric Bavarian Wittelsbach royal line, and married the young Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria-Hungary when she was sixteen.

  10. Category:Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Wikimedia Commons

    Nov 08, 2019 · English: Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (December 24, 1837 - September 10, 1898), of the House of Wittelsbach, was Empress-Consort of Austria and Queen consort of Hungary due to her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

  11. The Story of the First Paparazzi Photograph Ever Taken

    Aug 07, 2019 · The date is perhaps 1879, or 1881, the subject the elusive Empress Elisabeth of Austria, pursued while foxhunting and caught, creating the archetype for all paparazzi targets to come: the ...