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Explore the fact-checked online encyclopedia from Encyclopaedia Britannica with hundreds of thousands of objective articles, biographies, videos, and images from experts.
- Characteristics of An Encyclopedia
- History of Encyclopedias
- Modern Encyclopedias
- Information Age Encyclopedias
- Knowledge and Values
- External Links
The encyclopedia as we recognize it today was developed from the dictionary in the eighteenth century. A dictionary primarily focuses on words and their definition, typically in one sentence. This leave the reader lacking in a comprehensive understanding of the meaning or significance of the term, and how the term relates to a broader field of knowledge. To address those needs, an encyclopedia treats each subject in more depth and conveys the most relevant accumulated knowledge on that subject or discipline, given the overall length of the particular work. An encyclopedia also often includes many maps and illustrations, as well as bibliographyand statistics. Historically, both encyclopedias and dictionaries have been researched and written by well-educated, well-informed content experts, who have attempted to make them as accurate, concise and readable as possible. Four major elements define an encyclopedia: its subject matter, its scope, its method of organization, and its method o...
Early encyclopedic works
The idea of collecting all of the world's knowledge into a single work was an elusive vision for centuries. The earliest encyclopedia may have been compiled by the Greek philosopher Speusippus, who preceded Aristotle. But Aristotle is sometimes called the father of encyclopedias because of his vast collection and categorization of knowledge, most of which remains valid today. The oldest complete encyclopedia in existence was the Historia Naturalis compiled by Pliny the Elder about 79 C.E.It i...
The beginnings of the modern idea of the general-purpose, widely distributed printed encyclopedia precede the eighteenth-century encyclopedists. However, Chambers' Cyclopaedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, and the Encyclopédie, Encyclopædia Britannica, and the Conversations-Lexikonwere the first to realize the form we would recognize today, with a comprehensive scope of topics, discussed in depth and organized in an accessible, systematic method. The English physician and philosopher Sir Thomas Browne specifically employed the word encyclopaedia as early as 1646 in the preface to the reader to describe his Pseudodoxia Epidemica or Vulgar Errors, a series of refutations of common errors of his age. Browne structured his encyclopaedia upon the time-honored schemata of the Renaissance, the so-called 'scale of creation' which ascends a hierarchical ladder via the mineral, vegetable, animal, human, planetary and cosmological worlds. Browne's compendium went through no le...
By the late twentieth century, the information age was beginning to stimulate an entirely new generation of encyclopedias based on digital, electronic, and computer technology. Initially, traditional encyclopedia makers began offering electronics forms of their encyclopedias on CD-ROMs for use with personal computers. Microsoft's Encarta was a landmark in this sea change, as it had no print version. Articles were supplemented with video and audio files as well as numerous high-quality images. The development of hyperlinkinggreatly aided cross referencing, making quick transitions from one subject to the next. In addition, nearly instantaneous searches of thousands of articles, using keyword technology, are possible. With the development of the Internet, similar encyclopedias were also being published online, and made available by subscription. Most libraries stopped buying print encyclopedias at this point, because the online encyclopedias were constantly revised, making the cumbers...
It is often said that "knowledge is power" or "those who control education control the future." Before the invention of the printing press, and the development of primary schools to educate masses, knowledge remained in the hands of the aristocracy and the churches. Only the wealthy families were able to afford tutors like Aristotle. Throughout history, people have sought to control others by enforcing official thought and punishing heresy. The destruction of the great ancient Alexandria Library, the canonization of the Bible in the fourth century C.E., the genocide against the Cathars and Albigenses of Southern France in the thirteenth century, the burning of Jan Hus in Bohemia in 1415, Savonarola's "Bonfire of the Vanities' (destruction of works of art) in Florence in 1497, in Michael Servetus' execution for a "false view of the Trinity" in Geneva in 1553, the banishment of Roger Williams from Massachussetts in 1635, the Catholic ban on Copernicus' theory of a heliocentric univers...Collison, Robert. Encyclopaedias: Their History Throughout the Ages,2nd ed. New York, London: Hafner, 1966.Darnton, Robert. The business of enlightenment: a publishing history of the Encyclopédie, 1775-1800. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1979. ISBN 0674087852"Encyclopedia" in Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia. vol. 9. New York, Rand McNally, 1986. ISBN 0834300729
All links retrieved May 27, 2020. 1. Diderot's article on the Encyclopedia from the original Encyclopédie. 2. Encyclopaedia and Hypertext 3. Biographical errors in encyclopedias and almanacs Internet Accuracy Project] 4. Wikipedia
List of online encyclopedias General reference. The site lets editors create any page on any topic and anyone can edit a page by creating a free... Biography. Antiquities, arts, and literature. Incorporates text from the 19th century encyclopedia of the same name. Focuses on... Regional interest. ...
Jul 20, 2021 · World Encyclopedia. This encyclopedia features concise entries providing essential information on a range of subjects, including world affairs, science and technology, the arts, modern and ancient history, religion, sports, and popular culture.
10,000 articles on Catholic history, interests, and doctrine. Columbia's online encyclopedia offers 57,000 entries. Featuring 20,000 topics and 2,500 images. Search field at bottom of page. Provides access to encyclopedia entries on thousands of topics. Premier encyclopedia covering mythology, folklore, and religion.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Ministries (ATSIM) is a department of the Australian Union Conference which gives priority to the ministry of the Seventh-day Adventist Church among the indigenous peoples of Australia.
PlantSnap is your trusted source for plant information with images on over 650,000+ plant, flower and weed species. Browse our growing online plant encyclopedia.
This website contains the complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, which was originally published between 1901-1906. The Jewish Encyclopedia, which recently became part of the public domain, contains over 15,000 articles and illustrations. This online version contains the unedited contents of the original encyclopedia. Since the original work was completed almost 100 years ago, it does not cover a significant portion of modern Jewish History (e.g., the creation of Israel, the ...
From today's featured article. Call of Duty: Modern Warfare Remastered is a first-person shooter game, developed by Raven Software and published by Activision. It is a remastered version of 2007's Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare. It was initially released for PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows in November 2016 as part of special ...