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  1. Endurance (sport mécanique) — Wikipédia › wiki › Endurance_camions

    Endurance (sport mécanique) Le plateau 2011 des Daytona Prototypes. L'endurance est une forme de compétition de sport automobile ou motocycliste ... (1 247,2 km ...

  2. Strength training - Wikipedia › wiki › Strength_training
    • Uses
    • Principles and Training Methods
    • Specific Forms of Strength Training
    • Practice of Weight Training
    • Combined Techniques
    • Nutrition
    • Sex Differences in Training
    • History
    • Special Populations
    • Further Reading

    The benefits of strength training include greater muscular strength, improved muscle tone and appearance, increased endurance, cardiovascular health, and enhanced bone density.

    The basic principles of strength training involve a manipulation of the number of repetitions, sets, tempo, exercises and force to cause desired changes in strength, endurance or size by overloading of a group of muscles. The specific combinations of reps, sets, exercises, resistance and force depend on the purpose of the individual performing the exercise: to gain size and strength multiple (4+) sets with fewer reps must be performed using more force.A wide spectrum of regimens can be adopted to achieve different results, but the classic formula recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine reads as follows: 1. 8 to 12 repetitions of a resistance training exercise for each major muscle group at an intensity of 40% to 80% of a one-repetition max (RM) depending on the training level of the participant. 2. Two to three minutes of rest is recommended between exercise sets to allow for proper recovery. 3. Two to four sets are recommended for each muscle group Typically, failure...

    There are many methods of strength training. Examples include weight training, circuit training, isometric exercise, gymnastics, plyometrics, Parkour, yoga, Pilates, Super Slow. Strength training may be done with minimal or no equipment, for instance bodyweight exercises. Equipment used for strength training includes barbells and dumbbells, weight machines and other exercise machines, weighted clothing, resistance bands, gymnastics apparatus, Swiss balls, wobble boards, indian clubs, pneumatic exercise equipment, hydraulic exercise equipment.

    Aerobic exercise versus anaerobic exercise

    Strength training exercise is primarily anaerobic. Even while training at a lower intensity (training loads of ~20-RM), anaerobic glycolysis is still the major source of power, although aerobic metabolism makes a small contribution.Weight training is commonly perceived as anaerobic exercise, because one of the more common goals is to increase strength by lifting heavy weights. Other goals such as rehabilitation, weight loss, body shaping, and bodybuilding often use lower weights, adding aerob...

    Exercises for specific muscle groups

    Weight trainers commonly divide the body's individual muscles into ten major muscle groups. These do not include the hip, neck and forearmmuscles, which are rarely trained in isolation. The most common exercises for these muscle groups are listed below. The sequence shown below is one possible way to order the exercises. The large muscles of the lower body are normally trained before the smaller muscles of the upper body, because these first exercises require more mental and physical energy....

    Advanced techniques

    A number of techniques have been developed to make weight training exercises more intense, and thereby potentially increase the rate of progress. Many weight lifters use these techniques to bring themselves past a plateau, a duration where a weightlifter may be unable to do more lifting repetitions, sets, or use higher weight resistance.

    Strength training may involve the combining of different training methods such as weight training, plyometrics, bodyweight exercises, and ballistic exercises. This is often done in order to improve a person's ability to apply their strength quickly. Or in other words, to improve their ability to apply explosive power.

    It is widely accepted that strength training must be matched by changes in diet in order to be effective. Although aerobic exercise is often observed to have an effect on the dietary intake of macronutrients, strength training has not and an increase in dietary proteinis generally believed to be required for building skeletal muscle. A review of 49 research studies found that supplementation of protein in the diet of healthy adults increased the size and strength of muscles during prolonged resistance exercise training; protein intakes of greater than 1.6 g/kg/day did not additionally increase fat-free mass or muscle size or strength. Protein that is neither needed for cell growth and repair nor consumed for energy is converted into urea mainly through the deamination process and is excreted by the kidneys. It was once thought that a high-protein diet entails risk of kidney damage, but studies have shown that kidney problems only occur in people with previous kidney disease. However...

    Men have a higher percentage of fast-twitch type II muscle fiber, which gives them strength. On the other hand, women have a higher proportion of type 1 slow-twitch muscle fibers, which contributes to their endurance. Since women have a higher percentage of slow-twitch muscle fiber, they can do better with higher reps and higher volume without overtraining the muscle. Research has shown that women can have a more significant muscle growth doing reps with a higher range of movement. On the other hand, men can do more explosive movement because men have a bigger motor cortex in the brain, which controls the movement and help men to generate more force. Women recover less well when doing explosive exercise and are less likely to build muscle from doing explosive activities. Women do not have to rest as long between sets as men because women have a lower arterial blood pressure during exercise, which allows more blood and oxygen to go to the muscle. Moreover, women's bodies make less by...

    Until the 20th century, the history of strength training was very similar to the history of weight training. With the advent of modern technology, materials and knowledge, the methods that can be used for strength training have multiplied significantly. Hippocrates explained the principle behind strength training when he wrote "that which is used develops, and that which is not used wastes away", referring to muscular hypertrophy and atrophy. Progressive resistance training dates back at least to Ancient Greece, when legend has it that wrestler Milo of Croton trained by carrying a newborn calf on his back every day until it was fully grown. Another Greek, the physician Galen, described strength training exercises using the halteres (an early form of dumbbell) in the 2nd century. Ancient Persians used the meels, which became popular during the 19th century as the Indian club, and has recently made a comeback in the form of the clubbell. The dumbbell was joined by the barbell in the l...

    Safety concerns related to children

    Orthopaedic specialists used to recommend that children avoid weight training because the growth plates on their bones might be at risk. The very rare reports of growth plate fractures in children who trained with weights occurred as a result of inadequate supervision, improper form or excess weight, and there have been no reports of injuries to growth plates in youth training programs that followed established guidelines.The position of the National Strength and Conditioning Association is t...

    For older adults

    Older adults are prone to loss of muscle strength. With more strength older adults have better health, better quality of life, better physical function and fewer falls.In cases in which an older person begins strength training, their doctor or health care provider may neglect to emphasize a strength training program which results in muscle gains. Under-dosed strength training programs should be avoided in favor of a program which matches the abilities and goals of the person exercising. In se...

    Delavier, Frederic (2001). Strength Training Anatomy. Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 0-7360-4185-0.
    DeLee, J. MD and Drez, D. MD, Eds. (2003). DeLee & Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine; Principles and Practice (vols 1 & 2). ISBN 0-7216-8845-4.
    Hatfield, Frederick (1993). Hardcore Bodybuilding: A Scientific Approach. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-8092-3728-8.
    Legeard, Emmanuel (2008). Musculation. Amphora. ISBN 2851807420.
  3. 1994 24 Hours of Le Mans - Wikipedia › wiki › 1994_24_Hours_of_Le_Mans

    1994 24 Hours of Le Mans. The 1994 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 62nd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 18 and 19 June 1994. The 1994 race was won by a car that had its roots in a 10-year-old design. Porsche exploited an unusual quirk in the GT regulations at the time, using German fashion magnate Jochen Dauer in a plan to have a street ...

  4. 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans - Wikipedia › wiki › 1966_24_Hours_of_Le_Mans

    The 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 34th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 18 and 19 June 1966. It was also the seventh round of the 1966 World Sportscar Championship season. This was the first overall win at Le Mans for the Ford GT40 as well as the first overall win for an American constructor.

  5. List of sports - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_sports

    Racket sports are games in which players use rackets to hit a ball or other object. However, this list is broader and includes sport disciplines where players use not rackets but paddles (hand-held frame with flat boards or planks instead of strings).

  6. Interdiction des sports motorisés - Wikimonde › article › Interdiction_des_sports

    La Suisse est également représentée par Sauber en Formule 1, et le pilote Sébastien Buemi a participé de 2009 à 2011. Ce dernier est devenu champion du monde d'endurance en 2014. Le 1 er avril 2016, le Conseil fédéral suisse a approuvé l'admission des courses de Formule E en Suisse. Une licence est requise pour la mise en œuvre d'une ...

  7. Trek Bicycle Corporation - Wikipedia › wiki › Trek_Bicycle_Corporation

    Weighing only 2.44 lb (1.11 kg), the 5500 frame was the world's lightest production road frame. To make room for its new OCLV manufacturing facility, Trek expanded its Waterloo headquarters again to a total of 140,000 sq ft (13,000 m 2 ). 1992 marked another first for Trek: its first full suspension mountain bike, the 9000-series, which ...

  8. Coupe Florio - Wikimonde › article › Coupe_Florio

    Endurance Daimler Mercedes Grand-Prix La course, qui est une course de côte , se fait durant le troisième jour. Le circuit fait une distance de 2 691 m et a un dénivelé positif de 107 m.

  9. Classic & Modern Racing - Wikimonde › article › Classic_&_Modern_Racing

    Classic & Modern Racing (abrégé en CMR), nom commercial de la société Chab Évolution, est une entreprise française et une écurie de compétition automobile fondée en 2009 par Charles-Antoine Bourachot et basée au Pôle Mécanique Alès-Cévennes en Occitanie.

  10. American Le Mans Series 2004 - Wikimonde › article › American_Le_Mans_Series_2004

    Sport aux États-Unis en 2004 Droit d'auteur : les textes des articles sont disponibles sous Licence CC BY-SA 3.0 . Les licences et crédits des images sont disponibles en cliquant sur l'image.

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