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  1. Enema - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Enema

    Clyster. [ edit on Wikidata] An enema, also known as a clyster, is an injection of fluid into the lower bowel by way of the rectum. Also, the word enema can refer to the liquid so injected, as well as to a device for administering such an injection. In standard medicine, the most frequent uses of enemas are to relieve constipation and for bowel cleansing before a medical examination or procedure; also, they are employed as a lower gastrointestinal series (also called a barium enema), to ...

    • Clyster
  2. Constipation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Constipation

    A large volume or high enema can be given to cleanse as much of the colon as possible of feces, and the solution administered commonly contains castile soap which irritates the colon's lining resulting in increased urgency to defecate.

  3. Constipation in children - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Constipation_in_children
    • Overview
    • Presentation
    • Causes
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Epidemiology

    Constipation in children refers to the medical condition of constipation in children. It is a functional gastrointestinal disorder. Constipation in children SpecialtyPediatrics

    Children have different bowel movement patterns than adults. In addition, there is a wide spectrum of normalcy when considering children’s bowel habits. On average, infants have 3-4 bowel movements/day, and toddlers have 2-3 bowel movements per day. At around age 4, children develop an adult-like pattern of bowel movements. Children benefit from scheduled toilet breaks, once early in the morning and 30 minutes after meals. The Rome III Criteria for constipation in children helps to define ...

    While it is difficult to assess an exact age at which constipation most commonly arises, children frequently suffer from constipation in conjunction with life-changes. Examples include: toilet training, starting or transferring to a new school, and changes in diet. Especially in infants, changes in formula or transitioning from breast milk to formula can cause constipation. Fortunately, the majority of constipation cases are not tied to a medical disease, and treatment can be focused on simply r

    The Rome process suggests a diagnosis of constipation in children fewer than 4 years old when the child has 2 or more of the following complaints for at least 1 month. For children older than 4 years, there must be 2 of these complaints for at least 2 months. 1. 2 or fewer bowel movements per week 2. Passing large bowel movements 3. On physical exam, a doctor may find large amounts of feces within the child’s rectum. 4. A child who is already toilet trained has at least 1 accident per ...

    Lactulose and milk of magnesia have been compared with polyethylene glycol in children. All had similar side effects, but PEG was more effective at treating constipation. Osmotic laxatives are recommended over stimulant laxatives.

    There is wide variation in the rates of constipation as reported by research in various countries. The variation in research data makes it challenging to describe the true global situation.

    • Pediatrics
  4. Constipation in Children - Medical Management

    www.ohsu.edu › 2019-06 › ohsu-constipation-guide

    • In older children, an enema may be necessary to disimpact stool. Care should be taken using phosphate containing enemas in young children; they may cause fatal electrolyte shifts in young children or when given too frequently. Do not give more than one phosphate containing enema/day. • Mineral oil enemas act as a lubricant and are

  5. Enema for Kids: What You Need to Know - DocuSol® Kids

    docusolkids.com › enema-for-kids

    Enema for Kids: What You Need to Know Main Cause of Constipation in Children. There are several factors that lead to constipation in children, and one of the... About Laxatives for Children. Stool softeners can be taken orally or rectally, and are effective for mild or occasional... Mini-Enemas for ...

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  6. Treatment of Chronic Constipation | Department of Pediatrics

    med.virginia.edu › pediatrics › clinical-and-patient

    Enemas push fluid into the rectum. This softens the stool in the rectum but also stretches the rectum, giving the child a tremendous urge to pass a bowel movement. Almost all enemas consist mostly of water with something else mixed in to keep the water inside the intestine. The most commonly used enemas are:

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