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  1. Review NA 13-17 ("The Fourteenth Century"); NA 24-25 (on Middle English Prosody); NA 27 (timeline for 14th century). New background readings: NA 238-43 (Chaucer and The Canterbury Tales headnotes); NA 340 (on the Close of the Canterbury Tales ); NA 370-71 (first six paragraphs of headnote to William Langland).

  2. The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 12 July 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1 May 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. The Kingdom of England was among the most powerful states in Europe during the medieval period.

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  4. The Yuan dynasty (13th/14th century) Shòushí calendar (授时历; 授时曆; 'teaching time calendar') used spherical trigonometry to find the length of the tropical year. [48] [49] [50] This calendar had a 365.2425-day year, identical to the Gregorian calendar .

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    For centuries, English official public documents have been dated according to the regnal years of the ruling monarch. Traditionally, parliamentary statutes are referenced by regnal year, e.g. the Occasional Conformity Act 1711 is officially referenced as "10 Anne c. 6" (read as "the sixth chapter of the statute of the parliamentary session that sat in the 10th year of the reign of Queen Anne"). In the event of a second session, or a second Parliament, in the same regnal year the chapter numbering would reset. As a result, either an "s. 2" or "sess. 2" to indicate the second session, or an "Stat. 2" to indicate a second Parliament would be added. For example, the Queen Regent's Prerogative Act 1554 is cited as "1 Mary s. 3 c. 1" because it was the first act passed in the third session of the parliament begun in the first year of the reign of Queen Mary, and the Riot Act is cited as "1 Geo 1 Stat. 2. c. 5.", being the fifth act passed in the second parliament of the first year of the...

    To calculate the regnal year from a particular date, one subtracts the first regnal year from the calendar year in question. The year is not adjusted if the month and day falls before the regnal date, and if it falls on or after the regnal date, add one. Finally – for the regnal year of William III after Mary's death (that is, from 28 December 1694 onwards) – one also adds 6. 1. Example 1: 4 July 1776. This falls in the reign of George III, whose first regnal year is 1760; so 1776 – 1760 = 16th year of his reign (4 July is before 25 October). 2. Example 2: 2 May 1662. This is in the reign of Charles II, whose first regnal year is 1649. So 1662 – 1649 = 13, add 1 because 2 May is after 30 January, so the date falls in the 14th regnal year of Charles II. 3. Example 3: 31 December 1695. This falls in the reign of William IIIalone (after Mary's death), whose "first" regnal year is 1694; so 1695 – 1694 = 1, add 1 because 31 December is after 28 December, and also add 6 because the date i...

    Cheney, C. R.; Jones, Michael, eds. (2000). A Handbook of Dates for Students of British History. Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks. 4 (Revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Pres...

  5. › study › ages-timelineAges Timeline

    Details: Here is a simple timeline of events during the so-called Dark Ages, the early medieval period, from the 5thcentury to the Norman Conquest in 1066. 449 The traditional date, according to Bede, for the arrival of Anglo-Saxons in South-East England. In fact, they'd been raiding for years.

  6. May 08, 2018 · During the 14th century, the Plantagenets and House of Valois both claimed to be legitimate claimants to House of Capet and with it France—the two powers clashed in the Hundred Years' War. [52] The Black Death epidemic hit England ; starting in 1348, it eventually killed up to half of England's inhabitants .

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