England Flag Anthem: Various proposed Predominantly ‘ God Save the Queen ’ (National anthem of the United Kingdom) Location of England (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the United Kingdom (green) Status Country Capital and largest city London 51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117 Coordinates: 51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117 ...
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag Anthem: "God Save the Queen" Royal coats of arms: Show globe Show map of Europe Location of the United Kingdom (dark green) in Europe (dark grey) Location of the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories (red) Capital and largest city London 51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117 ...
England is a country in Europe. It is a country with over sixty counties in it. It is in a union with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. All four countries are in the British Isles and are part of the United Kingdom (UK). Over 55 million people live in England (2015 estimate). This is 84% of the population of the UK.
The time from Britain's first inhabitation until the Last Glacial Maximum is known as the Old Stone Age, or Palaeolithic era.Archaeological evidence indicates that what was to become England was colonised by humans long before the rest of the British Isles because of its more hospitable climate between and during the various glacial periods of the distant past.
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- Territorial divisions
The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. On 12 July 927, the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were united by Æthelstan to form the Kingdom of England. In 1016, the kingdom became part of the North Sea Empire of Cnut the Great, a personal union between England, Denmark and Norway. The Norman conquest of England in 1066 led...
The Anglo-Saxons referred to themselves as the Engle or the Angelcynn, originally names of the Angles. They called their land Engla land, meaning "land of the English", by Æthelweard Latinized Anglia, from an original Anglia vetus, the purported homeland of the Angles. The name Engla land became England by haplology during the Middle English period. The Latin name was Anglia or Anglorum terra, the Old French and Anglo-Norman one Engleterre. By the 14th century, England was also used in ...
The kingdom of England emerged from the gradual unification of the early medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdoms known as the Heptarchy: East Anglia, Mercia, Northumbria, Kent, Essex, Sussex, and Wessex. The Viking invasions of the 9th century upset the balance of power between the English
The peace lasted until the death of the childless Edward in January 1066. His brother-in-law was crowned King Harold, but his cousin William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, immediately claimed the throne for himself. William launched an invasion of England and landed in Sussex o
In 1092, William II led an invasion of Strathclyde, a Celtic kingdom in what is now southwest Scotland and Cumbria. In doing so, he annexed what is now the county of Cumbria to England. In 1124, Henry I ceded what is now southeast Scotland to the Kingdom of Scotland, in return fo
The counties of England were established for administration by the Normans, in most cases based on earlier shires established by the Anglo-Saxons. They ceased to be used for administration only with the creation of the administrative counties in 1889. Unlike the partly self-governing boroughs that covered urban areas, the counties of medieval England existed primarily as a means of enforcing central government power, enabling monarchs to exercise control over local areas through their chosen rep
England, Scotland, and Ireland had shared a monarch for more than a hundred years, since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when King James VI of Scotland inherited the English and Irish thrones from his first cousin twice removed, Queen Elizabeth I. Although described as a Union of Crowns, until 1707 there were in fact two separate crowns ...
England is also sunnier throughout the year, but unlike Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the sunniest month is July, with an average of 193.5 hours. It rains on fewer days in every month throughout the year than the rest of the UK, and rainfall totals are less in every month, with the driest month, May, averaging 58.4 mm (2.30 in). 
England and Wales (Welsh: Cymru a Lloegr) is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom.England and Wales forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows a single legal system, known as English law.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army made up of Normans, Bretons, Flemish, and men from other provinces of the Kingdom of France, all led by the Duke of Normandy later styled William the Conqueror.
Bristol (/ ˈ b r ɪ s t əl / ()) is a city and county in South West England with a population of 463,400. The wider district has the 10th-largest population in England. The urban area population of 724,000 is the 8th-largest in the UK.