Enoch (/ ˈ iː n ə k / , EE-nuhk) is a biblical figure prior to Noah's flood and the son of Jared and father of Methuselah. He was of the Antediluvian period in the Hebrew Bible. This Enoch is not to be confused with Cain's son Enoch (Genesis 4:17). The text of the Book of Genesis says Enoch lived 365 years before he was taken by God.
- Armenian Catholic Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Ethiopian Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, Enochian Christian sects (see John Dee), Islam, Medieval Rabbinical Judaism, Baha'i Faith, Some New Age cults devoted to angelology
Cain is described as a city-builder, and the forefather of tent-dwelling pastoralists, all lyre and pipe players, and bronze and iron smiths. In an alternate translation of Genesis 4:17, endorsed by a minority of modern commentators, Cain's son Enoch builds a city and names it after his son, Irad.
Enoch synonyms, Enoch pronunciation, Enoch translation, English dictionary definition of Enoch. n 1. the eldest son of Cain after whom the first city was named 2. the father of Methuselah: said to have walked with God and to have been taken by God at...
- Enoch in The Book of Genesis
- Apocryphal Books of Enoch
- Enoch in Christianity
- Enoch in Islam
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Enoch appears in the Book of Genesis of the Pentateuch as the seventh of the ten pre-Deluge Patriarchs. Genesis recounts that each of the pre-Flood Patriarchs lived for several centuries. Genesis 5 provides a genealogy of these ten figures (from Adam to Noah), providing the age at which each fathered the next, and the age of each figure at death. Enoch is considered by many to be the exception, who is said to "not see death" (Hebrews 11:5). Furthermore, Genesis 5:22–29 states that Enoch lived 365 years, which is extremely short in the context of his peers, who are all recorded as dying at over 700 years of age. The brief account of Enoch in Genesis 5 ends with the cryptic note that "he [was]not; for God took him".
Three extensive apocryphalworks are attributed to Enoch: 1. 1st Book of Enoch, or simply the Book of Enoch, written in Ge'ez (Ethiopic), first time brought in Europe by James Bruce and translated in English by August Dillmann and Reverent Schoode - recognized by the Ethiopian OrthodoxBible and usually dated between the third century BC and the first century AD. 2. 2nd Book of Enoch or the Book of the Secrets of Enoch, written in Old Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian and other slav languages, first translated in English by William Morfill - recognized by the Old SlavonicBible usually dated to the first century AD. 3. 3rd Book of Enoch, a Rabbinic text in Hebrew usually dated to the fifth century AD. These recount how Enoch was taken up to Heaven and was appointed guardian of all the celestial treasures, chief of the archangels, and the immediate attendant on God's throne. He was subsequently taught all secrets and mysteries and, with all the angels at his back, fulfil...
The New Testament contains three references to Enoch. 1. The first is a brief mention in one of the genealogies of the ancestors of Jesus by Luke (Luke 3:37). 2. The second mention is in Hebrews 11: 5 (KJV) which says, "By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God." This suggests he did not experience the mortal death ascribed to Adam's other descendants...
Early Christianity contains various traditions concerning the "translation" of Enoch. Regarding the quotation in Jude, most of early Christianity considered it an independent quotation pre-dating the flood. Regarding the Book of Enoch itself Origen, Jerome and Augustin mention it, but as of no authority. Justin, Athenagoras, Irenaeus, Clemens Alexandrinus, Lactantius, and others borrowed an opinion out of this book of Enoch, that the angels had sexu...
Medieval and Reformation
According to the Figurists (a group of Jesuit missionaries mainly led by Joachim Bouvet into China at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century and based on ideas of Matteo Ricci 1552 to 1610), Fu Xiin China's ancient history is actually Enoch.
In Islam, Enoch (Arabic: أَخْنُوخ, romanized: ʼAkhnūkh [commonly in Islamic literature]: ʼIdrīs إِِدْرِيس)) is identified with Idris, as for example by the History of Al-Tabari intrepretation and the Meadows of Gold. The Quran contains two references to Idris; in Surah Al-Anbiya (The Prophets) verse number 85, and in Surah Maryam(Mary) verses 56-57: 1. (The Prophets, 21:85): "And the same blessing was bestowed upon Ismail and Idris and Zul-Kifl, because they all practised fortitude." 2. (Mary19:56-57): "And remember Idris in the Book; he was indeed very truthful, a Prophet. And We lifted him to a lofty station". Idris is closely linked in Muslim tradition with the origin of writing and other technical arts of civilization, including the study of astronomical phenomena, both of which Enoch is credited with in the Testament of Abraham. Nonetheless, although some Muslims view Enoch and Idris as the same prophet while others do not, many Mu...The Descendants of Adam, The Legacy of Cain, The Souls Elijah and EnochCatholic Encyclopedia Henoch(1914)Andrei A. Orlov essays on 2 Enoch: Enoch as the Heavenly Priest, Enoch as the Expert in Secrets, Enoch as the Scribe and Enoch as the MediatorEd. Philip P. Wiener Dictionary of the History of Ideas:Cosmic Voyages (1973)
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Enoch (ē`nək), in the Bible. 1 Son for whom Cain named the city he built. 2 Father of Methuselah. It was said of him that he walked with God—a phrase used also of Noah—and also that like Elijah he was translated to heaven. An alternate form is Henoch.
Enoch, Onech hanoch (Hebrew) Initiation or initiated; hence also hierophant. In the Bible (Genesis 4, 5), "there are three distinct Enochs -- the son of Cain, the son of Seth, and the son of Jared; but they are all identical, and two of them are mentioned for the purposes of misleading.
Enoch (son of Cain), son of Cain; Hanoch (Enoch), son of Reuben; Hanoch (Enoch), one of the five sons of Midian; Enos (Bible), or Enosh, grandson of Adam and great grandfather of Enoch; The Book of Enoch. People. Enoch Crosby (1750–1835), American Revolutionary War soldier and spy; Enoch Hood (1861–1940), English footballer; Enoch Light ...
Enoch (ē`nək), in the Bible. 1 Son for whom Cain named the city he built. 2 Father of Methuselah. It was said of him that he walked with God—a phrase used also of Noah—and also that like Elijah he was translated to heaven. An alternate form is Henoch. Enoch
Enoch was the son of Cain. The story of prophet Enoch (Idris) is mentioned in the Quran (Surah Maryam). He is praised as highly upright, pious, and that God raised him to a high place. Some said this place was the fourth heaven and some said the sixth. What is confirmed is that Prophet Enoch then came back to Earth after being raised to the ...
Chanoch synonyms, Chanoch pronunciation, Chanoch translation, English dictionary definition of Chanoch. n 1. the eldest son of Cain after whom the first city was named 2. the father of Methuselah: said to have walked with God and to have been taken by God at...