Eric of Pomerania (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was the ruler of the Kalmar Union from 1396 until 1439, succeeding his grandaunt, Queen Margaret I. He is numbered Eric III as King of Norway (1389–1442), Eric VII as King of Denmark (1396–1439) and Eric XIII [a] as King of Sweden (1396–1434, 1436–39).
Feb 01, 2020 · Eric (XIII) or Eric of Pomerania (the Pomeranian), in Swedish Erik av Pommern, was a Polish prince who lived 1382-1459 and became King of Norway as Eric III 1389-1442 and King of Denmark and Sweden 1396-1439, in Denmark as Eric VII . Erico de Pomerania (es); VII.
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Eric was born in 1382 in Rügenwalde (present Darłowo, Poland). Born Bogusław, Eric was the son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania, and Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Margaret I, who ruled the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, wanted her realm to be unified and peaceful and made provisions in the event of her death. She chose as her heir and successor Boguslaw, the grandson of her sister Ingeborg (c. 1365 – c. 1402).In 1389 Boguslaw was brought to Denmark to be raised by Queen Margaret. His name was changed to the more Nordic-sounding Erik. On 8 September 1389, he was hailed as King of Norway at the Ting in Trondheim. He may have been crowned King of Norway in Osloin 1392, but this is disputed. Eric's father Wartislaw died between November 1394 and 23 February 1395.When Wartislaw died, his thrones were all attained by Eric as the heir. In 1396 he was proclaimed as king in Denmark and then in Sweden. On 17 June 1397, he was crowne...
In 1402, Queen Margaret entered into negotiations with King Henry IV of England about the possibility of an alliance between the Kingdom of England and the Nordic union. The proposal was for a double wedding, whereby, King Eric would marry King Henry's daughter, Philippa of England, and King Henry's son, the Prince of Wales and the future King Henry V, would marry King Eric's sister, Catherine of Pomerania(c. 1390–1426). The double wedding did not come off, but King Eric's wedding to Philippa of England was successfully negotiated. On 26 October 1406, he married the 12-year-old Philippa in Lund. The wedding was accompanied by a purely defensive alliance with England. After Philippa's death later in 1430, King Eric replaced her with her former lady-in-waiting, Cecilia, who became his royal mistress and later his morganaticspouse. The relationship was a public scandal and is mentioned in the royal council's official complain...
During the early period of his reign, King Eric made Copenhagen a royal possession in 1417, thereby assuring its status as the capital of Denmark. He also usurped the rights of Copenhagen Castle from the Bishop of Roskilde, and from then on, the castle was occupied by him. From contemporary sources, King Eric appears as intelligent, visionary, energetic, and a firm character. That he was also a charming and well-spoken man of the world was shown by his great European tour of the 1420s. Negatively, he seems to have had a hot temper, a lack of diplomatic sense, and an obstinacy that bordered on mulishness. King Eric was described by the future Pope Pius IIas having "a beautiful body, reddish yellow hair, a ruddy face, and a long narrow neck … alone, without assistance, and without touching the stirrups, he jumped upon a horse, and all women were drawn to him, especially the Empress, in a feeling of longing for love". From 14...
When the Danish nobility subsequently opposed his rule and refused to ratify his choice of Bogislaw IX, Duke of Pomerania as the next King of Denmark, King Eric left Denmark in response and took up permanent residence at Visborg Castle in Gotland, which led to his deposition through Coup d'étatby the National Councils of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. In 1440, King Eric was succeeded by his nephew Christopher of Bavaria who was chosen for the thrones of both Denmark and Sweden. Initially the Norwegian Riksråd remained loyal to him and wanted him to remain king of Norway. In September 1439, Eric had given Sigurd Jonsson the title of drottseteunder which he was to rule Norway in the King's name. But with the King isolated in Gotland, the Norwegian nobility also felt compelled to depose Eric through a Coup d'état in 1440. At the death of King Christopher in 1448, the next monarch was Eric's kinsman, Christian of Oldenburg (the so...
For ten years, Eric lived in Gotland where he fought against the merchant trade in the Baltic. From 1449 to 1459, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie), as "Eric I". He died in 1459 at Darłowo Castle(German: Rügenwalde Castle), and was buried in the Church of St. Mary's at Darłowoin Pomerania.
Titles and styles
Eric's full title was: "King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania"
1. Knight of the Holy Sepulchre 2. Knight of the Order of the GarterAlbrectsen, Esben (1997) Fællesskabet bliver til : 1380-1536 (Oslo : Universitetsforl.) ISBN 82-00-22790-1Christensen, Aksel E. (1908) Kalmarunionen og nordisk politik 1319-1439 (Oslo: Gyldendal) ISBN 87-00-51833-6Haug, Eldbjørg (2000), Margrete – den siste dronning i Sverreætten (Oslo: Cappelen) ISBN 82-02-17642-5Haug, Eldbjørg (2006) Provincia Nidrosiensis i dronning Margretes unions- og maktpolitikk (Trondheim : Institutt for historie og klassiske fag) ISBN 9788277650470
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Born Boguslaw, the son of Polish Duke of Pomerania Wartislaw VII and Mary of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Eric's paternal grandparents were Boguslaw V, Duke of Pomerania and his second wife Adelheid of Brunswick-Grubenhagen. His maternal grandparents were Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg and Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg. Their son Albert was a rival of Olaf Haakonssonin regard to the Danish succession in 1375. Ingeborg was a daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and his Queen consort Heilwig of Schleswig. Her maternal grandparents were Eric II, Duke of Schleswig (reigned 1312–1325) and Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg.
Eric was born in 1382 in Rügenwalde (Darłowo). Initially named Boguslaw, he was son to the only surviving granddaughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and also a descendant of Magnus III of Sweden and Haakon V of Norway. On 2 August 1387, Olav Håkonsson, King of Denmark since he was five years old and King of Norway since the death of his father, died unexpectedly at seventeen years of age. His mother the Dowager Queen of Norway had added the phrase "the true heir of Sweden" to Boguslaw's list of titles at his coronation. Boguslaw's claim to the Swedish throne came through his great-granduncle, Magnus IV of Sweden, who was forced to abdicate by the Swedish nobles. After the abdication, the Swedish nobles, led by Bo Jonsson (Grip), had invited Count Albert of Mecklenburg to take the Swedish throne. However, when Albert attempted to introduce reductionof their large estates, they quickly turned against him. The nobles, including his former supporter Bo Jonsson Grip, Sweden's largest landow...
In 1402, Queen Margaret entered into negotiations with King Henry IV of England about the possibility of an alliance between the Kingdom of England and the Nordic union. The proposal was for a double wedding, whereby Eric would marry Henry's daughter, Philippa, and Henry's son, the Prince of Wales and future King Henry V, would marry Eric's sister, Katarzyna. The English side wanted these weddings to seal an offensive alliance between the Nordic kingdoms and England, which could have led to the involvement of the Nordic union on the English side in the ongoing Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. Queen Margaret led a consistent foreign policy of not getting entangled in binding alliances and foreign wars. She therefore rejected the English proposals. The double wedding did not come off, but Eric's wedding to Philippa was successfully negotiated. On 26 October 1406, Eric married the 13-year-old Philippa at Lund. The wedding was accompanied by a purely de...
From contemporary sources, Eric appears as intelligent, visionary, energetic and a firm character. That he was also a charming and well-spoken man of the world was shown by a great European tour of the 1420s. Negatively, he seems to have had a hot temper, a lack of diplomatic sense, and an obstinacy that bordered on mulishness. Almost the whole of Eric’s sole rule was affected by his long-standing conflict with the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein. He tried to regain South Jutland (Schleswig) which Margaret had been winning but he chose a policy of warfare instead of negotiations. The result was a devastating war that not only ended without conquests but also led to the loss of the South Jutlandic areas that he had already obtained. During this war he showed much energy and steadiness, but also a remarkable lack of adroitness. In 1424, a verdict of the Holy Roman Empire by Sigismund, King of Germany, recognising Eric as the legal ruler of South Jutland, was ignored by the Holstein...
In 1440, Eric, having been deposed in Denmark and Sweden, was succeeded by his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria, who had been chosen for the thrones. After he had been deposed as king in Sweden and Denmark, the Norwegian Riksrådremained loyal to him, and wanted him to remain king of Norway only. He reputedly refused the offer. Christopher, his successor, died in 1448, long before Eric himself. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlier rival, Count Theodoric of Oldenburg. To him Eric handed over Gotland in return for the permission to leave for Pomerania. From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie), as Eric I. He died in 1459 at Darłowo (German:Rügenwalde) Castle and is buried in Church of St. Mary's in Darłowoin Pomerania.
Eric's full title was: King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of PomeraniaList of Pomeranian duchies and dukesHistory of PomeraniaHouse of Pomerania
Haug, Eldbjørg (2000), Margrete - den siste dronning i Sverreætten (Oslo: Cappelen) ISBN 82-02-17642-5
His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...
Jun 05, 2019 · Erik af Pommern (Erik 7., oprindeligt Bugislav; født 1382 i Darłowo, død 1459 i Pommern), var søn af hertug Vartislav VII af Pommern-Stolp og Maria af Mecklenborg-Schwerin, fostersøn og søsterbarnebarn til Margrete 1., konge af Norge 1389-1442, Danmark og Sverige 1396-1439.
Euphemia of Pomerania (1285 – 26 July 1330) was Queen of Denmark as the spouse of King Christopher II.She was the daughter of Bogislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania, and his second spouse, Margarete of Rügen.
Sep 27, 2016 · Erik av Pommern, f. ca 1382, d. 3 maj 1459, norsk, dansk och svensk kung. E. var son till hertig Vartislav VII av Pommern-Stolp och drottning Margaretas systerdotter Maria. Sedan Margaretas son Olof avlidit blev E. närmast hennes fosterson och 1389 erkänd som arvtagare till Norges krona.
Erik VII (Erik af Pommern) 17 a viz Mezheven 1397–1439 (diroueet) war-dro 1381/82 kastell Rügenwalde mab nemetañ Wartislaw VII, Dug Pomerania ha Mary von Mecklenburg-Schwerin Philippa Bro-Saoz 26 a viz Here 1406 Iliz-veur Lund divugel 3 a viz Mae 1459 Kastell Rügenwalde 76–78 vloaz
Mar 19, 2021 · Hun besluttede sig for Erik af Pommern, der var barnebarn af hendes søster. Med den syvårige Erik som konge af navn lykkedes det Margrete ved et skandinavisk topmøde i Kalmar af samle Danmark, Norge og Sverige i en personalunion med Erik som konge af alle
Jan 17, 2011 · Medieval Danish and European Families. Thott, Axel Pedersen, –ab.1446, rigsråd, was a son of væbner Peder Axelsen of Herlev in Gers herred and Juliane Pedersdatter Grubbe and is mentioned as a væbner maybe in 1390, but anyway in 1394; he probably became a Ridder (knight) at Erik af Pommern's coronation in 1397.
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