Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a characteristic wine-like odor and pungent taste. It is a psychoactive recreational drug, and the active ingredient in alcoholic drinks. Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation process of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes such as ethylene hydration.
ethanol, also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, or alcohol, a member of a class of organic compounds that are given the general name alcohols; its molecular formula is C2H5OH. Ethanol is an important industrial chemical; it is used as a solvent, in the synthesis of other organic chemicals, and as an additive to automotive gasoline (forming a mixture known as a gasohol).
Ethanol is also used as a cosolvent to dissolve many insoluble drugs and to serve as a mild sedative in some medicinal formulations. Ethanol also binds to GABA, glycine, NMDA receptors and modulates their effects. Ethanol is also metabolised by the hepatic enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase.
Ethanol is made from biomass. Fuel ethanol is anhydrous, denatured alcohol that meets the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard specification D4806 for ethanol use as a fuel in spark-ignition engines. Most of the fuel ethanol produced around the world is made by fermenting the sugar in the starches of grains such as corn, sorghum, and barley, and the sugar in sugar cane and sugar beets.
Oct 14, 2022 · Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol and grain alcohol, is a clear, colorless liquid and an ingredient in alcoholic beverages like beer, wine or brandy. Ethanol is a natural byproduct of plant fermentation and can be produced through the hydration of ethylene. Key Points/Overview. Uses & Benefits.
The meaning of ETHANOL is a colorless volatile flammable liquid C2H5OH that is the intoxicating agent in liquors and is also used as a solvent and in fuel —called also ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol.
What is Ethanol? Ethanol is a plant fermentation by-product which is natural and it can also be produced through the hydration of ethylene. Ethanol is an important industrial chemical; it is used as a solvent, in the synthesis of other organic chemicals, and as an additive to automotive gasoline. Table of Contents. Ethanol Formula; Properties of Ethanol