Ethnic federalism From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ethnic federalism, multi-ethnic or multi-national federalism, is a form of federal system in which the federated regional or state units are defined by ethnicity. This type of federation as identified above has been implemented since the 1990s by Meles Zenawi in Ethiopia.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid-1776 through late 1777, and ratification by all 13 states was completed by early 1781. The Articles of Confederation gave little power to the central government.
- September 17, 1787
- June 21, 1788
- March 4, 1789
- United States of America
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Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the American Civil War, power shifted away from the states and toward the national government.
- Creating A New Federalist Government
- A New Constitution
In 1787, fifty-five delegates met at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. There, they created ideas about a new type of government, called federalism. In this type of government, they decided: 1. The federal government would have more power than before. However, power would be divided between the states and the federal government, so the ...
Some of the Founding Fathers argued strongly for federalism, especially James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. They created the strongest defense of the new Constitution in a book called The Federalist Papers. This was a collection of 85 essays supporting federalism. Its goal was to convince people to vote to ratify the Constitution.[a] A...
The new Constitution took effect on March 4, 1789. That same year, Congress wrote and proposed twelve amendments to the Constitution. Three-fourths of the states would have to ratify these amendments in order to add them to the Constitution. The states ratified ten amendments on December 15, 1791. Together, they became the Bill of Rights. The Tenth...
Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments ( provincial, state, cantonal, territorial, or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system, dividing the powers between the two.
suggest the importance of coming to terms with the phenomenon of ethnic heterogeneity within a constitutional framework. It would oversimplify the problem to say that all of Africa's problems are attributable to ethnic heterogeneity alone.9 Clearly, other factors are at work as well.