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    What are the types of cases in criminal law?

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  2. Oct 12, 2017 · Here are 7 of the most famous criminal law cases in U.S. history. 1. O.J. Simpson The infamous case of O.J. Simpson was followed closely by the entire nation. Former National Football League player, actor, and broadcaster O.J. Simpson was tried for two accounts of murder in 1994.

  3. Examples of common crimes that people are charged with in the United States include but are not limited to, murder, assault, theft and driving while intoxicated by alcohol and/or drugs, including prescription and over the counter ones. Criminal Charges Only the federal or state government may initiate a criminal charge against a person or entity.

    • R. v. Dudley and Stephens (Queen's Bench, 1884).
    • M'Naghten's Case (House of Lords 1843).
    • R. v. Cunningham (Queen's Bench, 1957).
    • People v. Ceballos (Calif. Supreme Court, 1973).
    • Lawrence v. Texas (U.S. Supreme Court, 2003).

    I like to call this one "cannibalism on the high seas," a classic from English common law. Dudley, Stephens, Parker, and Brooks were shipwrecked and had run out of food. Dudley and Stephens killed Parker and the three remaining men ate his body to survive. Once rescued, Dudley and Stephens confessed to the murder, believing that resorting to cannib...

    Daniel M'Naghten was charged with murdering the Prime Minister's secretary, Edward Drummond. At the time of his arrest, M'Naghten said he killed Drummond because "the tories in my city follow and persecute me wherever I go, and have destroyed my peace of mind. They do everything in their power to harass and persecute me; in fact they wish to murder...

    Cunningham broke into a house to steal the gas meter. In the process, he failed to turn off the gas. Gas fumes leaked into the house, nearly killing Mrs. Wade and her husband. Cunningham was convicted after the trial judge clarified to the jury that "malice" meant "wicked"; i.e., "something which he has no business to do and perfectly well knows it...

    Don Ceballos was found guilty of assault with a deadly weapon. He had crafted a "trap gun" -- a loaded pistol pointed at the door to his garage connected to the door by a wire. If the door was opened a few inches, the wire would pull the trigger, setting off the gun. The California Supreme Court affirmed his convictionbecause trap guns are inherent...

    At only 11 years old, Lawrence isn't quite a classic, but it's become extremely important in the same-sex marriage debate. Responding to a weapons disturbance, police barged into Lawrence's home and found him "engaging in a sexual act" with another man. Lawrence was convicted of violating a Texas law prohibiting sexual contact with someone of the s...

    • Facts
    • Issue
    • Held
    • Unlawful Act Manslaughter – Causation – Drug Dealers / Suppliers
    • Duty of Care – Drugs Supply – Gross Negligence Manslaughter
    • Sexual Offences – Consent – HIV Status

    The defendant, Bree (B), visited his brother and went for an evening out with him and others, including the complainant (C). All present consumed considerable quantities of alcohol, before returning to B’s brother’s home. Whilst C’s memory from this point is poor, she recalls vomiting. Her next memory is of her and B having sexual intercourse. C co...

    B appealed his conviction for rape under the Sexual Offences Act 2003, s.1. on the grounds that that at first instance the Court had not clarified to the jury that a person may still be capable of consenting under the Sexual Offences Act 2003, s.74, even where they were voluntarily heavily intoxicated.

    The Court of Appeal upheld B’s appeal on two grounds. First, where a person loses their capacity to consent due to intoxication, they indeed cannot consent. However, it is possible that a person may be voluntarily heavily inebriated, and still have the capacity to consent. Secondly, the first instance Court failed to properly direct the jury as to ...

    Kennedy prepared a syringe for the victim, who injected himself and died of an overdose. Following several earlier cases, Kennedy was convicted of unlawful act manslaughter. However, the reasoning ignored the problem of causation. Generally speaking, where a third party acts in a free, voluntary and informed way and causes the result, this will bre...

    The victim was a drug addict. Her half sister obtained drugs from a dealer and supplied them to the victim. The victim overdosed and died. Evans was charged and convicted of gross negligence manslaughter. The Court of Appeal held that Evans owed a duty of care to the victim to seek help for her. The duty owed was to counteract the situation which E...

    Whether a person is guilty of rape if he has consensual sex with another without disclosing HIV status – is consent vitiated? EB had sexual intercourse with the claimant. EB was HIV positive and failed to disclose this to the complainant. The question for the Court of Appeal was whether the apparent consent given by the complainant was ineffective ...

  4. Firstly, the perpetrator acts whether they were lawful or not and cause death of another person are such that they are likely to result in the death or great bodily harm of the other individual. The other limb of this element is that he act is performed recklessly. In the instant fact pattern the teenager was under the influence of alcohol.

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