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  1. Execution by firing squad - Wikipedia › wiki › Execution_by_firing_squad

    Execution by firing squad was banned in Utah in 2004, but as the ban was not retroactive, three inmates on Utah's death row have the firing squad set as their method of execution. Idaho banned execution by firing squad in 2009, [62] temporarily leaving Oklahoma as the only state utilizing this method of execution (and only as a secondary method).

  2. Rovetta massacre - Wikipedia › wiki › Rovetta_massacre

    Execution by firing squad. On 28 April a group of partisans belonging to the 53ª Brigata Garibaldi Tredici Martiri, the Brigata Camozzi and the Brigate Fiamme Verdi arrived in the village and took the soldiers from the school to a point near the local cemetery. On the way, one of the prisoners, Fernando Caciolo, managed to escape and hide, finally taking refuge in the house of the priest, Don Bravi, where he stayed for three months before returning to his home village, Anagni.

  3. Capital punishment - Wikipedia › wiki › Execution

    Mexican execution by firing squad, 1916 In Nazi Germany there were three types of capital punishment; hanging, decapitation and death by shooting. [42] Also, modern military organisations employed capital punishment as a means of maintaining military discipline.

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  5. Execution by shooting - Wikipedia › wiki › Executed_by_shooting
    • Overview
    • Brazil
    • Europe
    • Soviet Bloc
    • United Kingdom
    • United States

    Execution by shooting is a method of capital punishment in which a person is shot to death by one or more firearms. It is the most common method of execution worldwide, used in about 70 countries, with execution by firing squad being one particular form. In most countries, execution by a firing squad has historically been considered a more honorable death and was used primarily for military personnel, though in some countries—among them Belarus, the only state in Europe today that has the...

    Although Brazil abolished the death penalty, it can be used for the occurrence of certain crimes in a period of war, such as betrayal, conspiracy, mutiny, unauthorized retreating in battles and theft of equipment or supplies in a military base. The execution method in this case is execution by shooting.

    In Belarus executions are performed by a single executioner shooting the back of the head from behind with a pistol.

    In 20th-century communist states, shooting was a standard form of execution of civilian and military prisoners alike, with the Soviet Union setting an example of the single-executioner approach. The firing squad, with its solemn and lengthy ceremony was used infrequently. The most common method was the firing of a pistol bullet into the back of the head. This method was widely used during the Great Purges of the late 1930s at locations outside the major cities, e.g. Krasny Bor near Petrozavodsk,

    No British citizen has ever been executed for a civilian crime by shooting. A Royal Commission on Capital Punishment considered shooting as a possible alternative to hanging, although the findings published in 1953 concluded shooting was not a sufficiently effective means of execution to justify a switch to the method from hanging.

    Since 1608, about 142 men have been judicially shot in the United States and its English-speaking predecessor territories, excluding executions related to the American Civil War.

  6. Talk:Execution by firing squad - Wikipedia › wiki › Talk:Execution_by_firing_squad

    Execution by firing squad is distinct from other forms of execution by firearms such as the "single shot from a handgun to the back of the neck" practiced by the People's Republic of China in the past. It has since changed to "single shot from an assualt rifle to the back of the head with a special bullet that expands upon impact."

  7. Execution by firing squad — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Military Significance
    • Blank Cartridge
    • by Country
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
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    The method is often the supreme pun­ish­ment or dis­ci­pli­nary means em­ployed by mil­i­tary courts for crimes such as cow­ardice, de­ser­tion, es­pi­onage, mur­der, mutiny, or trea­son. If the con­demned pris­oner is an ex-of­fi­cer who is ac­knowl­edged to have shown brav­ery through­out their ca­reer, they may be af­forded the priv­i­lege of giv­ing the order to fire. An ex­am­ple of this is Mar­shal of France Michel Ney. As a means of in­sult­ing the con­demned, how­ever, past ex­e­cu­tions have had them shot in the back, de­nied blind­folds, or even tied to chairs. When Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Ben­ito Mus­solini, and sev­eral other for­mer Fas­cists who voted to re­move him from power were ex­e­cuted, they were tied to chairs fac­ing away from their ex­e­cu­tion­ers. By some re­ports, Ciano man­aged to twist his chair around at the last sec­ond to face them.

    Some­times, one or more mem­bers of the fir­ing squad may be is­sued a weapon con­tain­ing a blank car­tridge. In such cases, mem­bers of the fir­ing squad are not told be­fore­hand whether they are using live am­mu­ni­tion. This is be­lieved to re­in­force the sense of dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity among the fir­ing squad members. Trained sol­diers know the dif­fer­ence be­tween a blank round, and a ball round. The blank round, when fired, has no re­coil at all, whereas a ball round will pro­duce sig­nif­i­cant recoil. This is es­pe­cially sig­nif­i­cant when bolt ac­tion ri­fles are em­ployed. This dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity makes the ex­e­cu­tion process more re­li­able be­cause the mem­bers are more likely to aim to kill if they are not en­tirely blamed for it, or if there is a chance they did not fire the lethal shot.[citation needed] It also al­lows each mem­ber of the fir­ing squad to be­lieve af­ter­wards that he did or did not per­son­ally fire a fatal shot—for t...


    On 12 Oc­to­ber 1915 a British nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at the Tir na­tional shoot­ing range at Schaer­beekafter being con­victed of "con­vey­ing troops to the enemy" dur­ing the First World War. On 1 April 1916 a Bel­gian woman, Gabrielle Petit, was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at Schaer­beek after being con­victed of spy­ing for the British Se­cret Ser­vicedur­ing World War I. Dur­ing the Bat­tle of the Bulge in World War II, three cap­tured Ger­...


    The Brazil­ian Con­sti­tu­tion of 1988 ex­pressly pro­hibits the usage of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment in peace­time, but au­tho­rizes the use of the death penalty for mil­i­tary crimes com­mit­ted dur­ing wartime.War needs to be de­clared for­mally, in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional law and ar­ti­cle 84, item 19 of the Fed­eral Con­sti­tu­tion, with due au­tho­riza­tion from the Brazil­ian Con­gress. The Brazil­ian Code of Mil­i­tary Penal Law, in its chap­ter deal­ing with wartime of­fences,...


    Fol­low­ing the mil­i­tary over­throw of the de­mo­c­ra­t­i­cally elected gov­ern­ment of Sal­vador Al­lende in 1973, Chilean dic­ta­tor Au­gusto Pinochetini­ti­ated a se­ries of war tri­bunal tri­als against left­ist peo­ple around the coun­try. Dur­ing the first months after his coup against democ­racy, hun­dreds of peo­ple were killed by fir­ing squads and sum­mary ex­e­cu­tions.

    Moore, William, The Thin Yellow Line, Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 1974
    Putkowski and Sykes, Shot at Dawn, Leo Cooper, 2006
    Hughs-Wilson, John and Corns, Cathryn M, Blindfold and Alone: British Military Executions in the Great War, Cassell, 2005
    Johnson, David, Executed at Dawn: The British Firing Squads of the First World War, History Press, 2015
  8. Gary Gilmore (criminal) - Wikipedia › wiki › Gary_Gilmore_(criminal)

    Gilmore was executed by firing squad at Utah State Prison.

  9. Execution by firing squad wiki | TheReaderWiki › en › Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Military Significance
    • Blank Cartridge
    • by Country
    • See Also

    The method is often the supreme punishment or disciplinary means employed by military courts for crimes such as cowardice, desertion, espionage, murder, mutiny, or treason. If the condemned prisoner is an ex-officer who is acknowledged to have shown bravery in their past career, they may be accorded the privilege of giving the order to fire. An example of this is Marshal of France Michel Ney. As a means of insulting the condemned, however, past executions have had them shot in the back, denied blindfolds, or even tied to chairs. When Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Benito Mussolini, and several other former Fascists who voted to remove him from power were executed, they were tied to chairs facing away from their executioners. By some reports, Ciano managed to twist his chair around at the last second to face them.

    Sometimes, one or more members of the firing squad may be issued a weapon containing a blank cartridge. In such cases, members of the firing squad are not told beforehand whether or not they are using live ammunition. This is believed[by whom?] to reinforce the sense of diffusion of responsibility among the firing squad members.[citation needed] Trained soldiers know the difference between a blank round, and a ball round.[citation needed] The blank round, when fired, has no recoil at all, whereas a ball round will produce significant recoil.[citation needed] This is especially significant when bolt action rifles are employed.[citation needed] This diffusion of responsibility makes the execution process more reliable because the members are more likely to aim to kill if they are not entirely blamed for it, or if there is a chance they did not fire the lethal shot.[citation needed] It also allows each member of the firing squad to believe afterwards that he did or did not personally f...


    On 12 October 1915 a British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad at the Tir national shooting range at Schaerbeekafter being convicted of "conveying troops to the enemy" during the First World War. On 1 April 1916 a Belgian woman, Gabrielle Petit, was executed by a German firing squad at Schaerbeek after being convicted of spying for the British Secret Serviceduring World War I. During the Battle of the Bulge in World War II, three captured German spies were tried and exe...


    The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 expressly prohibits the usage of capital punishment in peacetime, but authorizes the use of the death penalty for military crimes committed during wartime.War needs to be declared formally, in accordance with international law and article 84, item 19 of the Federal Constitution, with due authorization from the Brazilian Congress. The Brazilian Code of Military Penal Law, in its chapter dealing with wartime offences, specifies the crimes that are subject to t...


    Following the military overthrow of the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende in 1973, Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochetinitiated a series of war tribunal trials against leftist people around the country. During the first months after his coup against democracy, hundreds of people were killed by firing squads and summary executions.

  10. Capital punishment in the Gambia - Wikipedia › wiki › Capital_punishment_in_the

    Although some reports state that the executions were carried out by firing squad, other accounts state that they were all actually carried out by lethal injection; if the latter is true, it would have been the first time the country ever utilized that method of execution.

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