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  1. Execution by firing squad - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Execution_by_firing_squad

    Execution by firing squad, in the past sometimes called fusillading (from the French fusil, rifle), is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war. Execution by shooting is a fairly old practice.

  2. Execution by shooting - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Executed_by_shooting

    Execution by shooting is a method of capital punishment in which a person is shot to death by one or more firearms. It is the most common method of execution worldwide, used in about 70 countries, with execution by firing squad being one particular form.

  3. Execution by firing squad — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Military Significance
    • Blank Cartridge
    • by Country
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    The method is often the supreme pun­ish­ment or dis­ci­pli­nary means em­ployed by mil­i­tary courts for crimes such as cow­ardice, de­ser­tion, es­pi­onage, mur­der, mutiny, or trea­son. If the con­demned pris­oner is an ex-of­fi­cer who is ac­knowl­edged to have shown brav­ery through­out their ca­reer, they may be af­forded the priv­i­lege of giv­ing the order to fire. An ex­am­ple of this is Mar­shal of France Michel Ney. As a means of in­sult­ing the con­demned, how­ever, past ex­e­cu­tions have had them shot in the back, de­nied blind­folds, or even tied to chairs. When Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Ben­ito Mus­solini, and sev­eral other for­mer Fas­cists who voted to re­move him from power were ex­e­cuted, they were tied to chairs fac­ing away from their ex­e­cu­tion­ers. By some re­ports, Ciano man­aged to twist his chair around at the last sec­ond to face them.

    Some­times, one or more mem­bers of the fir­ing squad may be is­sued a weapon con­tain­ing a blank car­tridge. In such cases, mem­bers of the fir­ing squad are not told be­fore­hand whether they are using live am­mu­ni­tion. This is be­lieved to re­in­force the sense of dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity among the fir­ing squad members. Trained sol­diers know the dif­fer­ence be­tween a blank round, and a ball round. The blank round, when fired, has no re­coil at all, whereas a ball round will pro­duce sig­nif­i­cant recoil. This is es­pe­cially sig­nif­i­cant when bolt ac­tion ri­fles are em­ployed. This dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity makes the ex­e­cu­tion process more re­li­able be­cause the mem­bers are more likely to aim to kill if they are not en­tirely blamed for it, or if there is a chance they did not fire the lethal shot.[citation needed] It also al­lows each mem­ber of the fir­ing squad to be­lieve af­ter­wards that he did or did not per­son­ally fire a fatal shot—for t...

    Belgium

    On 12 Oc­to­ber 1915 a British nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at the Tir na­tional shoot­ing range at Schaer­beekafter being con­victed of "con­vey­ing troops to the enemy" dur­ing the First World War. On 1 April 1916 a Bel­gian woman, Gabrielle Petit, was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at Schaer­beek after being con­victed of spy­ing for the British Se­cret Ser­vicedur­ing World War I. Dur­ing the Bat­tle of the Bulge in World War II, three cap­tured Ger­...

    Brazil

    The Brazil­ian Con­sti­tu­tion of 1988 ex­pressly pro­hibits the usage of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment in peace­time, but au­tho­rizes the use of the death penalty for mil­i­tary crimes com­mit­ted dur­ing wartime.War needs to be de­clared for­mally, in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional law and ar­ti­cle 84, item 19 of the Fed­eral Con­sti­tu­tion, with due au­tho­riza­tion from the Brazil­ian Con­gress. The Brazil­ian Code of Mil­i­tary Penal Law, in its chap­ter deal­ing with wartime of­fences,...

    Chile

    Fol­low­ing the mil­i­tary over­throw of the de­mo­c­ra­t­i­cally elected gov­ern­ment of Sal­vador Al­lende in 1973, Chilean dic­ta­tor Au­gusto Pinochetini­ti­ated a se­ries of war tri­bunal tri­als against left­ist peo­ple around the coun­try. Dur­ing the first months after his coup against democ­racy, hun­dreds of peo­ple were killed by fir­ing squads and sum­mary ex­e­cu­tions.

    Moore, William, The Thin Yellow Line, Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 1974
    Putkowski and Sykes, Shot at Dawn, Leo Cooper, 2006
    Hughs-Wilson, John and Corns, Cathryn M, Blindfold and Alone: British Military Executions in the Great War, Cassell, 2005
    Johnson, David, Executed at Dawn: The British Firing Squads of the First World War, History Press, 2015
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  5. Firing squad (disambiguation) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Firing_squad_(disambiguation)

    Execution by firing squad is a method of capital punishment.. Firing squad may also refer to: . Firing Squad, a 1996 album by M.O.P.; Firing Squad a 1990 Canadian television film based on the 1958 novel Execution

  6. Execution by firing squad wiki | TheReaderWiki

    thereaderwiki.com › en › Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Military Significance
    • Blank Cartridge
    • by Country
    • See Also

    The method is often the supreme punishment or disciplinary means employed by military courts for crimes such as cowardice, desertion, espionage, murder, mutiny, or treason. If the condemned prisoner is an ex-officer who is acknowledged to have shown bravery throughout their career, they may be afforded the privilege of giving the order to fire. An example of this is Marshal of France Michel Ney. As a means of insulting the condemned, however, past executions have had them shot in the back, denied blindfolds, or even tied to chairs. When Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Benito Mussolini, and several other former Fascists who voted to remove him from power were executed, they were tied to chairs facing away from their executioners. By some reports, Ciano managed to twist his chair around at the last second to face them.

    Sometimes, one or more members of the firing squad may be issued a weapon containing a blank cartridge. In such cases, members of the firing squad are not told beforehand whether they are using live ammunition. This is believed to reinforce the sense of diffusion of responsibility among the firing squad members. Trained soldiers know the difference between a blank round, and a ball round. The blank round, when fired, has no recoil at all, whereas a ball round will produce significant recoil. This is especially significant when bolt action rifles are employed. This diffusion of responsibility makes the execution process more reliable because the members are more likely to aim to kill if they are not entirely blamed for it, or if there is a chance they did not fire the lethal shot.[citation needed] It also allows each member of the firing squad to believe afterwards that he did or did not personally fire a fatal shot—for this reason, it is sometimes referred to as the "conscience roun...

    Belgium

    On 12 October 1915 a British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad at the Tir national shooting range at Schaerbeekafter being convicted of "conveying troops to the enemy" during the First World War. On 1 April 1916 a Belgian woman, Gabrielle Petit, was executed by a German firing squad at Schaerbeek after being convicted of spying for the British Secret Serviceduring World War I. During the Battle of the Bulge in World War II, three captured German spies were tried and exe...

    Brazil

    The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 expressly prohibits the usage of capital punishment in peacetime, but authorizes the use of the death penalty for military crimes committed during wartime.War needs to be declared formally, in accordance with international law and article 84, item 19 of the Federal Constitution, with due authorization from the Brazilian Congress. The Brazilian Code of Military Penal Law, in its chapter dealing with wartime offences, specifies the crimes that are subject to t...

    Chile

    Following the military overthrow of the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende in 1973, Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochetinitiated a series of war tribunal trials against leftist people around the country. During the first months after his coup against democracy, hundreds of people were killed by firing squads and summary executions.

  7. Capital punishment in North Korea - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Capital_punishment_in

    Executions are mostly carried out by firing squad, hanging or decapitation in public, which, if true, makes North Korea one of the last four countries to still perform public executions, the other three being Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Somalia.

  8. Rovetta massacre - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Rovetta_massacre

    Execution by firing squad. On 28 April a group of partisans belonging to the 53ª Brigata Garibaldi Tredici Martiri, the Brigata Camozzi and the Brigate Fiamme Verdi arrived in the village and took the soldiers from the school to a point near the local cemetery. On the way, one of the prisoners, Fernando Caciolo, managed to escape and hide ...

  9. List of people executed by lethal injection - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_people_executed_by

    Gary Ray Bowles, also known as the I-95 Killer, was executed in 2019 for the murders of six men in 1994. Titus Brandsma, a Catholic priest, was executed for opposing the Nazi regime. Richard Cartwright was the main contributor to Uncensored from Texas Death Row until his execution.

  10. Capital punishment in Oklahoma - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Capital_punishment_in_Oklahoma

    Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the U.S. state of Oklahoma . The state has executed the third largest number of convicts in the United States (after Texas and Virginia) since re-legalization following Gregg v. Georgia in 1976. Oklahoma also has the highest number of executions per capita in the state.

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