Hanging has been a common method of capital punishment since medieval times, and is the primary execution method in numerous countries and regions. The first known account of execution by hanging was in Homer's Odyssey (Book XXII). In this specialised meaning of the common word hang, the past and past participle is hanged instead of hung.
- List of People Who Died by Hanging
Ahitophel, counselor of David (c. 1000 BC); Judas Iscariot,...
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Execution of guards and kapos of the Stutthof concentration...
- Franz Strasser
Franz Xaver Strasser (1899 – 10 December 1945) was an...
- List of People Who Died by Hanging
Hanging has been practiced legally in the United States of America from before the nation's birth, up to 1972 when the United States Supreme Court found capital punishment to be in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Four years later, the Supreme Court overturned its previous ruling, and in 1976, capital punishment was again legalized in the United States. As of 2021, three states have laws that specify hanging as an available secondary method of execution.
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The execution of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein took place on 30 December 2006. Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging, after being convicted of crimes against humanity by the Iraqi Special Tribunal for the Dujail massacre—the killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites in the town of Dujail—in 1982, in retaliation for an assassination attempt against him. The Iraqi government released an official video of his execution, showing him being led to the gallows, and ending after the...
After being sentenced to death by an Iraqi court, Saddam requested to be executed by firing squad rather than hanging, claiming it as the lawful military capital punishment and citing his military position of commander-in-chief of the Iraqi military. This request was denied by the court. Two days prior to the execution, a letter written by Saddam appeared on the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party website. In the letter, he urged the Iraqi people to unite, and not to hate the people of countries that in
Saddam was executed by hanging at approximately 06:00 UTC +03:00 on the first day of Eid al-Adha. Reports conflicted as to the exact time of the execution, with some sources reporting the time as 06:00, 06:05, or some, as late as 06:10. The execution took place at the joint Iraqi
A senior Iraqi official who was involved in the events leading to Saddam's death was quoted as saying, "The Americans wanted to delay the execution by 15 days because they weren't keen on having him executed right away. But during the day [before the execution] the prime minister
According to Talal Misrab, the head guard at Saddam's tomb, who also helped in the burial, Saddam was stabbed six times after he was executed. The head of Saddam's tribe, Sheikh Hasan al-Neda, denies this claim. Mowaffak al-Rubaie, Iraq's security advisor, stated, "I oversaw the
Saddam's body was buried in his birthplace of Al-Awja in Tikrit, Iraq, near family members, including his two sons Uday and Qusay Hussein, on 31 December 2006 at 04:00 local time. His body was transported to Tikrit by a U.S. military helicopter, where he was handed over from Iraqi Government possession to Sheikh Ali al-Nida, the late head of the Albu Nasir tribe and governor of Saladin. It was buried about three kilometers from his two sons' bodies, in the same extensive cemetery. Saddam Hussein
The primary news source for the execution was the state-run Iraqi television news station Al Iraqiya, whose announcer said that "criminal Saddam was hanged to death". A scrolling headline read, "Saddam's execution marks the end of a dark period of Iraq's history". The BBC noted that a doctor, a lawyer, and various officials were present, and that a video recording of the execution was made. Al Arabiya reported that Saddam's lawyer had confirmed Saddam's death. Major news networks carried officia
Reactions to the execution were varied. Criticism came both from Saddam's supporters, who believed it was unjust, and non-supporters, who either wanted additional judgement regarding other crimes besides those he was convicted for and those who approved of his conviction but not of capital punishment. Supporters described Saddam's posture during the execution as brave and unyielding until the end, with some considering him a martyr.
- Policy Regarding Foreign Capital Punishment
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Sir Samuel Romilly, speaking to the House of Commons on capital punishment in 1810, declared that "[there is] no country on the face of the earth in which there [have] been so many different offences according to law to be punished with death as in England". Known as the "Bloody Code", at its height the criminal law included some 220 crimes punishable by death, including "being in the company of Gypsies for one month", "strong evidence of malice in a child aged 7–14 years of age" and "blacking the face or using a disguise whilst committing a crime". Many of these offences had been introduced by the Whig Oligarchy to protect the property of the wealthy classes that emerged during the first half of the 18th century, a notable example being the Black Act of 1723, which created 50 capital offences for various acts of theft and poaching.Crimes eligible for the death penalty included shoplifting and stealing sheep, cattle, and horses, and before abolition of the death penalty for theft in...
In 1808, Romilly had the death penalty removed for pickpockets and lesser offenders, starting a process of reform that continued over the next 50 years. The death penalty was mandatory (although it was frequently commuted by the government) until the Judgement of Death Act 1823 gave judges the power to commute the death penalty except for treason and murder. The Punishment of Death, etc. Act 1832 reduced the number of capital crimes by two-thirds. In 1832, the death penalty was abolished for theft, counterfeiting, and forgery except for the forgery of wills and certain powers of attorney. Gibbeting was abolished in 1832 and hanging in chains was abolished in 1834. In 1837, the death penalty for forging wills and powers of attorney was abolished. The death penalty for rape and some other offences was abolished by the Substitution of Punishments of Death Act in 1841. In 1861, several acts of Parliament (24 & 25 Vict; c. 94 to c. 100) further reduced the number of civilian capital crim...
In 1965 the Labour MP Sydney Silverman, who had committed himself to the cause of abolition for longer than 20 years, introduced a Private Member's Bill to suspend the death penalty for murder. It was passed on a free vote in the House of Commons by 200 votes to 98. The bill was subsequently passed by the House of Lords by 204 votes to 104. Silverman was opposed in the General Election 1966 in the Nelson and Colne constituency by Patrick Downey, the uncle of Lesley Anne Downey, a victim in the Moors murderscase, who stood on an explicitly pro-hanging platform. Downey polled over 5,000 votes, 13.7%, then the largest vote for a genuinely independent candidate since 1945. The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 suspended the death penalty in Great Britain (but not in Northern Ireland) for murder for a period of five years, and substituted a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment; it further provided that if, before the expiry of the five-year suspension, each House of Parliam...
Under section 94 of the Extradition Act 2003, it is unlawful for an extradition of an individual to take place if the individual is accused of a capital crime, unless the Home Secretary has received assurances that the death penalty would not be applied in that case. Regardless of this, in July 2018, the Government said it will not object to the United States seeking the death penalty for two suspected British members of ISIS captured by the Syrian Democratic Forces.Although not strictly an extradition case, in response to an urgent question in Parliament on the matter, the Government stated that they still held the policy "to oppose the death penalty in all circumstances as a matter of principle".
Since the death penalty's suspension in 1965, there have been continued public and media calls for its reintroduction, particularly prompted by high-profile murder cases. At the same time, there have been a number of miscarriages of justice since 1965 where persons convicted of murder have later had their convictions quashed on appeal and been released from prison, strengthening the argument of those who oppose the death penalty's reintroduction. These include the Birmingham Six (cleared in 1991 of planting an IRA bomb which killed 21 people in 1974), the Guildford Four (cleared in 1989 of murdering five people in another 1974 IRA bombing), Stephen Downing (a Derbyshire man who was freed in 2001 after serving 27 years for the murder of a woman in a churchyard) and Barry George (who was freed in 2007 when his conviction for the 1999 murder of TV presenter Jill Dandowas quashed on appeal). Perhaps the first high-profile murder case which sparked widespread calls for a return of the de...
1. 6 July 1535: Sir Thomas More was beheaded for treason for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as the head of the Church of England. 2. 6 October 1536: William Tyndale was strangled before being burned at the stake for heresy after translating the Bibleinto English, which was seen as an affront to God. 3. 17 May 1536: George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford was beheaded on false charges of committing adultery and incest with his sister Anne Boleyn. 4. 19 May 1536: Anne Boleyn, second wife of He...
Kingdom of Great Britain, 1707–1801
1. 11 November 1724: Joseph "Blueskin" Blake was hanged at Tyburn for burglary. His partner-in-crime, Jack Sheppard, was executed for the same burglary five days later. 2. 16 November 1724: Jack Sheppard, housebreaker, was hanged at Tyburn for burglary after four successful escape attempts from jail. 3. 24 May 1725: Jonathan Wild, criminal overlord and fraudulent "Thief Taker General", was hanged at Tyburn for receiving stolen goodsand thus aiding criminals. 4. 7 April 1739: Dick Turpin, infa...
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1801–1922
1. 21 February 1803: Edward Despard and six others in the Despard Plot were hanged and decapitated on the roof of the gatehouse at Horsemonger Lane Gaol for allegedly plotting to assassinate King George IIIand launch an uprising. 2. 13 November 1805: Richard Harding was hanged for uttering playing cards with a forged ace of spades. 3. 18 May 1812: John Bellingham was hanged for the murder of Prime Minister Spencer Perceval. 4. 1 May 1820: Five conspirators of the Cato Street Conspiracy were h...
Hansard notes (Parliament of the United Kingdom): 1. "DEATH PENALTY (ABOLITION) BILL HC Deb 12 March 1956 vol 550 cc36-151." 2. "DEATH PENALTY (ABOLITION) BILL HL Deb 10 July 1956 vol 198 cc679-843." 3. "MURDER (ABOLITION OF DEATH PENALTY) BILL HC Deb 21 December 1964 vol 704 cc870-1010." 4. "MURDER (ABOLITION OF DEATH PENALTY) BILL HL Deb 19 July 1965 vol 268 cc480-582." 5. "MURDER (ABOLITION OF DEATH PENALTY) HC Deb 16 December 1969 vol 793 cc1148-297." Journal articles: 1. Bailey, Victor (Summer 2000). "The Shadow of the Gallows: The Death Penalty and the British Labour Government, 1945-51" (PDF). Law and History Review. pp. 305–349. 2. McGowen, Randall (Summer 2003). "History, Culture and the Death Penalty: The British Debates, 1840-70". Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques. Berghahn Books. 29 (2, Interpreting the Death Penalty: Spectacles and Debates): 229–249. JSTOR 41299271. 3. McHugh, John (March 1999). "The Labour Party and the Parliamentary Campaign to Abolish t...
To be hanged, drawn and quartered became a statutory penalty for men convicted of high treason in the Kingdom of England from 1352, although similar rituals are recorded during the reign of King Henry III. The convicted traitor was fastened to a hurdle, or wooden panel, and drawn by horse to the place of execution, where he was then hanged, emasculated, disembowelled, beheaded, and quartered. His remains would then often be displayed in prominent places across the country, such as London Bridge,
Execution by shooting is a method of capital punishment in which a person is shot to death by one or more firearms. It is the most common method of execution worldwide, used in about 70 countries,  with execution by firing squad being one particular form.
Dec 16, 2015 · Media in category "Execution by hanging in World War II" The following 33 files are in this category, out of 33 total. Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-179-1552-10, Griechenland, erhängte Männer in Ortschaft.jpg 800 × 575; 86 KB