Existential psychology is an approach to psychology and psychotherapy that is based on several premises, including: understanding that a "whole" person is more than the sum of his or her parts; understanding people by examining their interpersonal relationships, understanding that people have many levels of self-awareness that can be neither ignored nor put into an abstract context, understanding that people have free will and are participants rather than observers in their own lives, and ...
Nov 29, 2019 · Existential therapy deals with the last issues of human being's existence and shows how people think about death, the balance of freedom and responsibility, the method of connecting loneliness and communication, and how to modify meaning and meaninglessness.[19,20] Existential psychotherapy, based on his view of human life, addresses the ...
- Marzieh Feizi, Zahra Kamali, Mahboobe Gholami, Bahram Ali Ghanbari Hashem Abadi, Soheila Moeini
Jan 31, 2013 · Two articles that I wrote applied the concept of zhi mian, an idea recently introduced to existential psychology by Xuefu Wang, to our contemporary political challenges. There should be no doubt for any regular followers of the blog that existential psychology continues to be relevant in today’s world. This article is launching a new series that will continue for several months on the future of existential psychology.
Oct 25, 2018 · Introduction. Existential psychology developed in an attempt to understand how people cope with the realities of existence. This includes how individuals think about themselves (e.g., self-awareness), how they relate to others, how they create a meaningful and satisfying life, and how they manage anxieties associated with the inevitability of death.
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Jan 08, 2021 · In Humanistic Psychology, the assumption is that we strive to be our best selves. In Existential Psychology, the assumption is that we strive to live meaningful lives. While these two concepts are similar and may lead to identical results, the idea and the psychotherapeutic approach are different. What Is Existential Anxiety?
Existential psychologists believe that it’s not only important to identify and reduce the symptomatology of mental illnesses, addictions, relationship issues, and other psychological issues, but to go beyond the symptoms, addressing how a person defines meaning, purpose, and a life well lived.
Jun 06, 2013 · He has written and co-edited books and articles on Existential Migration, Focusing-oriented therapy, Existential Therapy, and contemporary topics related to psychology and society. He is a Certifying Coordinator for the Focusing Institute and co-editor of Existential Analysis.
Jul 13, 2017 · Journal of Humanistic Psychology 2017 60: 3, 436-453 Download Citation If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.
- Linda Stephenson, Beverley Hale
- There’S That Simplest of Facts…That We Exist
- Existentialism: Humans Exist Without Cause Or Reason
- The Philosophers Behind Existential Psychology
- The Philosophers’ Contributions to The Ultimate Concerns
- The Two Schools of Thought of Existential Psychology
- Phenomenology, Intentionality, and Authenticity
- Existential Psychology and American Culture
Because we exist, we experience an infinity of emotions that lead to endless questions, the most common being “why“. We search for answers the whole time we are living, and when we find them, or think we have found them, we are satisfied, at least for a while. But when our questions are unanswered, we find ourselves in psychological disaccord. Existential psychology doesn’t necessarily provide all the answers, but it does dare us to question and it leads us through a provocative search for the answers. The questions are ultimately inevitable; existential psychology gives us a framework to face the questions.
Existential psychology is based on theories of existentialism. Existentialism is centered on particular givens of existence: 1. That humans exist without any apparent cause or reason 2. That humans have freedom and with that freedom comes responsibility 3. That humans are isolated 4. That death is inevitable 5. Meaninglessness.
There are many philosophers who influenced the development of existential psychology. The four that I think are the most responsible are Kierkegaard and Nietzsche in the 19th century, and Heidegger and Sarte in the 20th century. By looking at the philosophical points of these great thinkers, we can better understand the position of existential psychology and the ways it affects our mental health.
It is clear to see how these ideas evolved into existential psychology because each of these philosophers contributed to an understanding of the ultimate concerns. Each of these philosophers explored the human reaction to the basic givens of human experience both personally and professionally. Existentialism is sometimes understood as a philosophy of despair because it contends with a lack of meaning or purpose in life and therefore requires humans to insert purpose from some random inner motivation. Unfortunately, I believe this is more of a misunderstanding of existentialism on the part of people who do not have the desire or ability to explore the purer aspects of the question “why“. Existential psychology does not correlate the givens with despair; rather it connects an awareness of these givens with strategies for facing them in order to direct people out of despair. It must be noted that people who think existentialism is a philosophy of despair are those who believe there is...
It is important to note here that there are two distinctly different schools of thought in existential psychology. One view is referred to as the non-spiritual approach while the other is spiritual.
Phenomenology is simply the study of phenomena, meaning the contents of everything tangible and intangible in our lives. The method of phenomenology is the process of allowing all the experiences of our surrounding phenomena to speak to us. Intentionality is the interconnectedness between subject and object. Remember that existentialism is rooted in subjectivity. Phenomenology on the other hand, is an attempt to step out of subjectivity and see things as they are without our own point of view. Existentialism recognizes that the two are really inseparable because even in compliance with the scientific method, we have to look at the subject from a particular point of view, i.e., subjectively. Therefore, existential psychology incorporates the idea of intentionality as we look inward to understand our existence. Authenticity may be our biggest challenge as we deal with our inner most questions and the outer reality of our world. Existentialists believe that people live in some range of...
Whether we use the term existential psychology or not, the ideas of existential psychology play a major role in the thinking of American culture today. Many people believe that self actualization is the ultimate goal in life. Many also believe that self-esteem and self-confidence are basic human values. We promote the idea that you have to take care of yourself before you can take care of others. These are just a few examples of modern American cultural guide posts that are rooted in existential psychology. I believe that existential psychology is certainly the most profound set of ideas that we can use to question our lives and the meaning or purpose we have, both individually and collectively.
- River Lin