Home > History > Christopher Columbus Fact or Fiction Christopher Columbus Fact or Fiction This fun activity requires students to read a Christopher Columbus passage and then, to sort 10 statements into those that are facts and those that are fiction.
- Heading West to Reach The East
- Land Sighted!
- I Did Find A Shortcut to The Indies!
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451. His career in exploration started when he was very young. As a teenager he traveled the seas and eventually made Portugal his base. Columbus came to believe that the East Indies (present-day Indonesia and surrounding islands) could be reached by sailing west through the Atlantic Ocean. He appealed to the kings of Portugal, France, and England to finance a westward trip to the Indies, but all denied his request. After ten years of monumental efforts but fruitless results, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agreed to finance Columbus in the hopes of acquiring great wealth. On August 3, 1492, Columbus, crew, and three ships, the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria, left Palos, Spain, and headed westward.
After stopping in the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, Columbus’s ships hit the open seas. Covering about 150 miles a day, the trip was long and arduous. The crew was afraid of sea monsters and grew more restless every day that land was not sighted. Columbus offered a reward for the first person to sight land. On October 12, a crew member aboard the Pinta sighted one of the Bahama Islands. Columbus set foot on what he believed was one of the Spice Islands, a group of islands in Asia (now known as Indonesia), where valuable spices and riches came from. He named the land San Salvador. Columbus failed to find the riches he expected and continued to search for China. He next visited Cuba and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic). He encountered native peoples who he named “Indians” because he believed they were inhabitants of the Indies. Columbus enslaved many of these people and forced them to mine for riches. Countless native peoples died as a result of Columbus's actions; many other...
Columbus returned to Spain a hero. He was named Viceroy of the Indies. He soon returned to the New World but never found the riches he expected. Some began to believe that Columbus had found “a new world” rather than a shortcut to the Indies.
Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering the continent of North America, although he probably wasn’t the first explorer to see the continent, and he believed until his death that the islands he encountered were in the Asian continent. His discoveries were instrumental in the establishment of Spanish colonies in North America. Today, we celebrate Columbus Day in October to commemorate his discoveries.
- State Actions
- Italian Americans Split
- Making of The Holiday
South Dakota was the first state to rename Columbus Day, in 1990, electing to go with Native Americans’ Day. Alaska was second, in 2017, enacting Indigenous Peoples Day. Three other states — New Mexico, Maine, Vermont — followed suit this year. And Washington, D.C., this week renamed the holiday, pending congressional approval. Beyond legislation, some governors have at least temporarily changed the name. Wisconsin this week ditched Columbus when Gov. Tony Evers, a Democrat, signed an executive order. Former Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton, a Democrat, in 2016 also signed an executive order. And Democratic North Carolina Gov. Roy Cooper signed one last year. Governors' proclamations must be renewed each year. In Michigan, state Sen. Jeff Irwin, a Democrat, introduced similar legislationthis week. And Oregon, which does not recognize Columbus Day, began celebrating Indigenous Peoples Day in 2017. More than a hundred cities and counties, as well as many universities, have also renamed the...
Some Italian American groups, including the National Italian American Foundation and Order Sons and Daughters of Italy in America, have battled the changes, defending Columbus as an iconic figure who changed the course of human history. These groups say they welcome adding a holiday for indigenous people, just not at the expense of Columbus. By opening the Western Hemisphere to Europe, Columbus symbolizes immigration and starting a new life, his supporters say. “The horrific things that occurred were wrong,” said John F. Calvelli, vice chairman international of the National Italian American Foundation, “but it’s also wrong to use 21st century norms to judge a 15th century explorer.” After a 2017 white supremacists’ rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, a review of “symbols of hate” in New York City focused on whether to remove the Columbus statue in Columbus Circle, among others. Italian Americans rallied around Columbus, and the statue stayed put. But some Italian Americans support c...
Born in Genoa, now part of Italy, in 1451, Columbus persuaded Spain’s King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella to sponsor his expedition to Asia sailing west on uncharted waters. Reaching the Caribbean islands, he mistakenly thought he had reached the East Indies and called the people Indians. He made three more voyages from Europe to the New World. Myth-making about Columbus can be traced to author Washington Irving glorifying Columbus in 1828 with his best-selling, multi-volume, largely fictional biography, “A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus.” Columbus Day has its roots in efforts to destigmatize Italian Americans when they were discriminated against as an immigrant group. Anti-Italian sentiment reached a fever pitch in 1891, when 11 Sicilians were lynched in New Orleans. President Benjamin Harrison called the lynching “deplorable.” The next year, Harrison signed the first official proclamation recognizing Columbus Day, saying the day should celebrate the 400th...
Columbus. In cities across US, voters support more police oversight ... Mike Pence’s Indiana hometown built by a different kind of Republican. ... Debunking the many Christopher Columbus myths.
Some myths don't die, and lies are still being told about Christopher Columbus: that he “discovered” the Americas (not only was the land familiar to native inhabitants, but it had also been visited before by Europeans), that the land was sparsely populated by native people (there were fourteen million inhabitants in 1492), that those people were primitive (Europeans learned a lot and gained technology and agricultural skill from Native Americans), and that they submitted to Columbus's ...
- The New Press
- James W. Loewen
HIST101 Discussion (2) The Journey of Cabeza de Vaca Over the last century, America has produced two dominant and nearly opposite myths of its early explorers: the noble, courageous bringer of light and civilization to the barbarous world; and (more recently) the invader, who is greedy, violent, and sometimes even depraved.
100 Common Myths & Misconceptions ... Christopher Columbus and the Columbian Legacy. ... Indiana University. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved ...
Chapters address topics such as the history and cultural trends of pornography, labor and production practices in creating porn, the effects of technology, current issues in obscenity law, and myths and facts about the effects of pornography.--From dust jacket.
Mar 11, 2016 · Inspired by classical Roman imagery and derived from the sailor Christopher Columbus’s name, she appeared throughout art, architecture, and media of the 18th and 19th centuries as a warrior, a ...
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