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      • The fall of the Western Roman Empire took place in 476 AD when the leader of the Goths , Odoacer , removed Emperor Romulus .,leader%20of%20the%20Goths%2C%20Odoacer%2C%20removed%20Emperor%20Romulus.
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  2. Fall of the Western Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

  3. The Fall of the Roman Empire (film) - Wikipedia

    The Fall of the Roman Empire is a 1964 American epic film directed by Anthony Mann and produced by Samuel Bronston, with a screenplay by Ben Barzman, Basilio Franchina and Philip Yordan. The film stars Sophia Loren , Stephen Boyd , Alec Guinness , James Mason , Christopher Plummer , Mel Ferrer , and Omar Sharif .

    • March 24, 1964 (UK), March 26, 1964 (US)
    • Samuel Bronston
  4. Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    With the fall of Ravenna to the Germanic Herulians and the deposition of Romulus Augustulus in 476 AD by Odoacer, the Western Roman Empire finally collapsed – the (Eastern Roman) Emperor Zeno formally abolished it in 480 AD.

  5. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ...
    • Overview
    • Thesis
    • Style
    • Criticism
    • Gibbon's views on religion
    • Gibbon's reflections

    The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire is a six-volume work by the English historian Edward Gibbon. It traces Western civilization from the height of the Roman Empire to the fall of Byzantium. Volume I was published in 1776 and went through six printings. Volumes II and III were published in 1781; volumes IV, V, and VI in 1788–1789. The six volumes cover the history, from 98 to 1590, of the Roman Empire, the history of early Christianity and then of the Roman State Church...

    Gibbon offers an explanation for the fall of the Roman Empire, a task made difficult by a lack of comprehensive written sources, though he was not the only historian to attempt it. According to Gibbon, the Roman Empire succumbed to barbarian invasions in large part due to the gradual loss of civic virtue among its citizens. He began an ongoing controversy about the role of Christianity, but he gave great weight to other causes of internal decline and to attacks from outside the Empire. The story

    Gibbon's tone was detached, dispassionate, and yet critical. He can lapse into moralisation and aphorism

    Numerous tracts were published criticising his work. In response, Gibbon defended his work with the 1779 publication of A Vindication... of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. His remarks on Christianity aroused particularly vigorous attacks, but in the mid-twentieth century, at least one author claimed that "church historians allow the substantial justness of main positions."

    Gibbon's comments on the Quran and Muhammad reflected his anti-islamism. He outlined in chapter 33 the widespread tale of the Seven Sleepers, and remarked "This popular tale, which Mahomet might learn when he drove his camels to the fairs of Syria, is introduced, as a divine reve

    Gibbon has been accused of antisemitism. He has described the Jews as "a race of fanatics, whose dire and credulous superstition seemed to render them the implacable enemies not only of the Roman government, but also of humankind".

    Gibbon challenged Church history by estimating far smaller numbers of Christian martyrs than had been traditionally accepted. The Church's version of its early history had rarely been questioned before. Gibbon, however, knew that modern Church writings were secondary sources, and

    Gibbon's initial plan was to write a history "of the decline and fall of the city of Rome", and only later expanded his scope to the whole Roman Empire: If I prosecute this History, I shall not be unmindful of the decline and fall of the city of Rome; an interesting object, to which my plan was originally confined. Although he published other books, Gibbon devoted much of his life to this one work. His autobiography Memoirs of My Life and Writings is devoted largely to his reflections on how the

    • England
    • Strahan & Cadell, London
  6. History of the Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    The empire in the east—known today as the Byzantine Empire, but referred to in its time as the "Roman Empire" or by various other names—ended in 1453 with the death of Constantine XI and the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.

  7. Western Roman Empire - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    The fall of the Western Roman Empire took place in 476 AD when the leader of the Goths, Odoacer, removed Emperor Romulus. He became King of Italy, and Roman control over the Empire in the west ended. By this time the Western Empire existed in name only, the Emperor no longer could use military, financial or political power.

  8. The Fall of the Roman Empire (film) — Wikipedia Republished ...
    • Plot
    • Production
    • Novelization
    • Release
    • See Also
    • External Links

    In the win­ter of 180 A.D., the Roman em­peror Mar­cus Au­re­lius fights to keep Ger­manic bar­bar­ians from in­vad­ing his north­ern ter­ri­to­ries on the Danube fron­tier (a war which in fact had been on­go­ing for over a decade, with no end in sight as of 180). His deputies are the Greek ex-slave Ti­m­o­nides, a closet Chris­t­ian, and the stern and hon­est gen­eral Gaius Livius. Livius has close con­nec­tions with the im­pe­r­ial fam­ily, being the lover of Au­re­lius' philoso­pher daugh­ter Lu­cilla and a friend of her brother Com­modus. Nev­er­the­less, he is amazed to hear that Au­re­lius wants to make him his heir. De­spite his mil­i­tary oblig­a­tions the em­peror has egal­i­tar­ian ideals, dream­ing of a day when Rome grants equal rights to men of all na­tions. He knows that he will not live to achieve this end, and trusts Livius to do so more than his charis­matic but bru­tal son. The dis­cov­ery that his fa­ther has ef­fec­tively dis­in­her­ited him hurts Com­modus im­me...


    Samuel Bron­ston an­nounced he would make the film after pro­duc­ing the pop­u­lar El Cid and King of Kings. It was to be the first of three films made by Bron­ston writ­ten by Philip Yor­dan - the oth­ers being one on the Boxer Re­bel­lion and one on the French Rev­o­lu­tion. An­thony Mann was going to di­rect, with Charl­ton He­s­ton men­tioned as a pos­si­ble Mar­cus Au­re­lius.Richard Har­riswas of­fered a lead­ing role as well. He­s­ton did not want to make the film and Bron­ston made 55...


    It was en­vi­sioned that He­s­ton would be cast as Livius, but he turned it down after find­ing out that Loren would be the lead­ing lady. (He­s­ton had co-starred with Loren in El Cid and had not got on well with her. Thus, he had no de­sire to work with her again.) The part had also been of­fered to Kirk Dou­glas, who turned it down as well. Boyd, who played op­po­site to He­s­ton in Ben-Hur, ul­ti­mately got the part. Richard Har­ris was orig­i­nally cast as Com­modus, but he was re­placed...


    The film was shot in 70mm Ultra Panav­i­sion by Robert Krasker, and the his­to­rian Will Du­rant was en­gaged to ad­vise on pe­riod de­tail and plot.[citation needed]

    A nov­el­iza­tion was pub­lished, also ti­tled The Fall of the Roman Empire, writ­ten by Harry Whit­ting­ton (Faw­cett Pub­li­ca­tions, Inc. & Fred­er­ick Muller Ltd., 1964).The cover of the novel is a screen­shot from the film. The text of the novel pro­vides a more de­tailed ex­po­si­tion of the film's plot line. Other cov­ers that were not screen­shots of the film were used for this novel of the film.

    The film had its World Pre­miere at the As­to­ria The­atre, Char­ing Cross Road, Lon­don on March 24 1964 and ran there for 70 weeks. In spite of this the film was a costly fi­nan­cial fail­ure for pro­ducer Samuel Bron­ston who, after mak­ing such epics as John Paul Jones (1959), King of Kings (1961), El Cid (1961), and 55 Days at Peking(1963) had to stop all busi­ness ac­tiv­i­ties. A bank­ruptcy no­tice in the New York Times on 6 Au­gust 1965, stated the cost of The Fall of the Roman Empire at $18,436,625. He an­nounced his re­turn with a planned epic about Is­abella of Spain, but the film was never made. This was one of the few Ultra Panav­i­sion 70 films not ex­hib­ited in Cin­erama.[citation needed] In later years, Mi­ra­max Films would ac­quire the US dis­tri­b­u­tion rights to the film. After the founders Bob and Har­vey We­in­stein split with Mi­ra­max par­ent Dis­ney, they formed the We­in­stein Com­pany, who cur­rently owns US dis­tri­b­u­tion rights.[citation needed] UK...

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  9. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire - Simple English ...

    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire is the short title of an important book by the 18th century English historian Edward Gibbon. The book traces the Roman Empire—and Western civilization as a whole—from the late first century AD to the fall of the Eastern or Byzantine Empire.

    • Edward Gibbon
    • English
    • England
    • history of the Roman Empire
  10. The Fall of the Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    The Fall of the Roman Empire is een Amerikaanse sandalenfilm uit 1964 onder regie van Anthony Mann. The Fall of the Roman Empire De val van het Romeinse Rijk.

  11. The last Western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustus, resigned in 476 AD. The Roman Empire would last another 1,000 years as the Byzantine Empire in the east. The main coin of the Roman Empire was the silver denarius. Later denarii were smaller. Various reasons have been given for the fall of Rome.