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- Augustus. Born Gaius Octavius, Augustus is known as the founder of the Roman Empire, and a move away from the old Roman Republic and its first emperor.
- Spartacus. Without a doubt, the most famous gladiator in the whole of Roman history was Spartacus. Spartacus, a Thracian by birth, was a soldier captured in war and then sold into slavery to fight as a gladiator.
- Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar is arguably the most well known of the ancient Romans. Even though most people may not have the slightest idea when it comes to ancient Rome, chances are that they will still have heard of the prodigious Roman emperor (and self-appointed dictator) Julius Caesar.
- Marcus Cicero. “Gratitude is not only the greatest of virtues, but parent of all others.” This timeless quote, and many others like it, came from the famous Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero.
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- Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) Neither its richest citizen, nor its most successful politician, Julius Caesar is still clearly the most famous of all Romans.
- Augustus (63 BC – 14 AD) Rome as we know it truly began with Augustus, its first emperor, whose influence and Pax Romana would stretch on for another 200 years.
- Marcus Aurelius (121 –180 AD) Considered the last of the five 'good emperors', Aurelius was a philosopher and statesman. A capable ruler in a crisis, he oversaw Rome through flooding of the Tiber, reformed currency to avoid economic crisis, conquered the Parthian Empire and Germanic tribes, and ardently believed in law, fairness, and freedom of speech even when it criticised the empire.
- Marc Antony (83 BC - 30 BC) History can offer few men more dynamic than Marc Antony. His military career began in Egypt, and soon he became Julius Caesar's right hand man in many successful campaigns.
Gaius Julius Caesar (July 12, 100 BC - March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader. He played an important part in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
Also famous as the land of intellectuals, Ancient Rome produced philosophers such as Amelius Gentilianus, Fabianus Papirius, and Gaius Musonius Rufus. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Ancient Romans.
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- Diocletian. AD 284–305. Diocletian was perhaps one of the most successful emperors Rome ever had. After coming to power, he put the Crisis of the Third Century to bed by completely remodeling the Roman system.
- Aurelian. AD 270–275. Aurelian came to power at the height of the Crisis of the Third Century, which we mentioned earlier. It’s no exaggeration to say that the Roman Empire was on the verge of complete destruction when this occurred—yet it recovered and flourished for another century afterward.
- Elagabalus. AD 218–222. Elagabalus, like Caracalla, Geta, and Alexander, was another member of the Severan dynasty. He came to power aged just 14, after Macrinus was overthrown by the Severus family.
- Didius Julianus. AD 193. Didius Julianus was only emperor of Rome for nine weeks, but he merits inclusion on this list because of the incredible story of his rise to power.
Ancient Rome Roma 753 BC–476 AD Senatus Populusque Romanus Territories of the Roman civilization: Roman Republic Roman Empire Western Roman Empire Eastern Roman Empire Capital Rome (and others during the late Empire, notably Constantinople and Ravenna) Common languages Latin Government Kingdom (753–509 BC) Republic (509–27 BC) Empire (27 BC–476 AD) Historical era Ancient history ...
Oct 20, 2011 · Cornelia Africana was the daughter of Scipio Africanus, famous for his victory against Hannibal in the Second Punic War. She died at age 90 in 100 BC, and was remembered by the Romans as an exemplar of virtue. Out of the 12 children she had, only Sempronia, Tiberius Gracchus, and Gaius Gracchus survived.
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- Arminius. Born into a noble family of the Germanic Cherusci tribe around 18 B.C., Arminius (known in Germany as Hermann) was plucked from his home by the Romans as a boy and served in the Roman army.
- Boudica. Like other Celtic women, Boudica (or Boadicea) enjoyed greater liberty than many other women in the ancient world, and trained in fighting and weapons alongside the men of her tribe.
- Alaric. One of the most famous barbarian leaders, the Goth King Alaric I rose to power after the death of the Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II in 395 A.D.
- Attila the Hun. Born into a royal family of Huns, a nomadic people based in what is now Hungary, Attila rose to power alongside his brother, Bleda, in 434 A.D..
The Populares counted a number of patricians, the most ancient Roman aristocrats, such as Appius Claudius Pulcher, Lucius Cornelius Cinna, and Julius Caesar among their number. They were allied to politicians of lesser status, especially " new men " like Gaius Marius, or Gaius Norbanus, who might have even been a new Roman citizen.
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