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  1. A federal parliamentary republic refers to a federation of states with a republican form of government that is, more or less, dependent upon the confidence of parliaments at both the national and sub-national levels. It is a combination of the government republic and the parliamentary republic .

  2. Typically, parliamentary republics are states that were previously constitutional monarchies with a parliamentary system, with the position of head of state given to a monarch. [3] Following the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War , France once again became a republic – the French Third Republic – in 1870.

    Country
    Head Of State Elected By
    Cameral Structure
    Parliamentary Republic Adopted
    Parliament, by three-fifths majority
    Unicameral
    1991
    Parliament, by absolute majority
    Unicameral
    2018
    Direct election, by two-round system
    Bicameral
    1945
    Parliament
    Unicameral
    1991
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    In con­trast to re­publics op­er­at­ing under ei­ther the pres­i­den­tial sys­tem or the semi-pres­i­den­tial sys­tem, the head of state usu­ally does not have ex­ec­u­tive pow­ers as an ex­ec­u­tive pres­i­dent would (some may have 're­serve pow­ers' or a bit more in­flu­ence be­yond that), be­cause many of those pow­ers have been granted to a head of gov­ern­ment (usu­ally called a prime min­is­ter).[clarification needed] How­ever, in a par­lia­men­tary re­pub­lic with a head of state whose tenure is de­pen­dent on par­lia­ment, the head of gov­ern­ment and head of state can form one of­fice (as in Botswana, the Mar­shall Is­lands, Nauru, and South Africa), but the pres­i­dent is still se­lected in much the same way as the prime min­is­ter is in most West­min­ster sys­tems. This usu­ally means that they are the leader of the largest party or coali­tion of par­ties in par­lia­ment. In some cases, the pres­i­dent can legally have ex­ec­u­tive pow­ers granted to them to un­der­take t...

    Typ­i­cally, par­lia­men­tary re­publics are states that were pre­vi­ously con­sti­tu­tional monar­chieswith a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem, with the po­si­tion of head of state given to a monarch. Fol­low­ing the de­feat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Pruss­ian War, France once again be­came a re­pub­lic – the French Third Re­pub­lic – in 1870. The Pres­i­dent of the Third Re­pub­lic had sig­nif­i­cantly less ex­ec­u­tive pow­ers than those of the pre­vi­ous two re­publics had. The Third Re­pub­lic lasted until the in­va­sion of France by Nazi Ger­many in 1940. Fol­low­ing the end of the war, the French Fourth Re­pub­lic was con­sti­tuted along sim­i­lar lines in 1946. The Fourth Re­pub­lic saw an era of great eco­nomic growth in France and the re­build­ing of the na­tion's so­cial in­sti­tu­tions and in­dus­try after the war, and played an im­por­tant part in the de­vel­op­ment of the process of Eu­ro­pean in­te­gra­tion, which changed the con­ti­nent per­ma­nently. Some at­tempts were...

  4. A parliamentary system may be either bicameral, with two chambers of parliament (or houses) or unicameral, with just one parliamentary chamber.A bicameral parliament usually consists of a directly elected lower house with the power to determine the executive government, and an upper house which may be appointed or elected through a different mechanism from the lower house.

  5. This is a list of countries by system of government. There is also a political mapping of the world that shows what form of government each country has, as well as a brief description of what each form of government entails. The list is colour-coded according to the type of government, for example: blue represents a republic with an executive ...

    Name
    Constitutional Form
    Head Of State
    Basis Of Executive Legitimacy
    Provisional
    n/a
    No constitutionally-defined basis to ...
    Republic
    Ceremonial
    Ministry is subject to parliamentary ...
    Republic
    Executive
    Presidency independent of legislature;
    Constitutional monarchy
    Ceremonial
    Ministry is subject to parliamentary ...
  6. In a parliamentary system, the legislature is the part of government that makes laws. The legislature also gives power to the executive (the part of government that enforces laws). This is the basic form of a parliamentary republic. The difference is how the legislature gets its power. The legislature is not chosen by a ruler or by birth.

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