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  1. May 18, 2023 · Ferdinand II, (born January 12, 1810, Palermo [Italy]—died May 22, 1859, Caserta), king of the Two Sicilies from 1830. He was the son of the future king Francis I and the Spanish infanta María Isabel, a member of the branch of the house of Bourbon that had ruled Naples and Sicily from 1734.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. May 20, 2023 · See all related content →. Ferdinand II, original name Ferdinando de’ Medici, (born July 14, 1610—died May 24, 1670), fifth grand duke ( granduca) of Tuscany, a patron of sciences, whose rule was subservient to Rome. He was a boy of 10 when his father, Cosimo II, died in 1621; and his grandmother, Christine of Lorraine, and his mother ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
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  4. May 19, 2023 · Maximilian, count von Trauttmansdorff, (born May 23, 1584, Graz, Austria—died June 8, 1650, Vienna), Austrian statesman, confidant of the emperors Ferdinand II and Ferdinand III, chief imperial plenipotentiary during the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia, and one of the foremost political figures of early 17th-century Europe.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  5. Apr 30, 2023 · About Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick "Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, Count of Aumale, KG (23 January 1382 – 30 April 1439) was an English medieval nobleman and military commander."

    • January 28, 1382
    • St. Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England
    • Family
    • Early Reign
    • Revolutions of 1848
    • Later Reign

    Ferdinand was born in Palermo to King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Maria Isabella of Spain. His paternal grandparents were King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Queen Maria Carolina of Austria. His maternal grandparents were Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. Ferdinand I and Charles IV were brothers, both sons of ...

    In his early years he was fairly popular. Progressives credited him with Liberal ideas and, in addition, his free and easy manners endeared him to the so-called lazzaroni, the lower classes of Neapolitan society. On succeeding to the throne in 1830, he published an edict in which he promised to give his most anxious attention to the impartial admin...

    In September 1847, violent riots inspired by Liberals broke out in Reggio Calabria and in Messina, which were put down by the military. On 12 January 1848 a rising in Palermo spread throughout the island and served as a spark for the Revolutions of 1848all over Europe. After similar revolutionary outbursts in Salerno, south of Naples, and in the Ci...

    Between 1848 and 1851, the policies of King Ferdinand caused many to go into exile. Meanwhile, an estimated 2,000 suspected revolutionaries or dissidents were jailed. After visiting Naples in 1850, Gladstone began to support Neapolitan opponents of the Bourbon rulers: his "support" consisted of a couple of letters that he sent from Naples to Parlia...

  6. May 12, 2023 · She married Ferdinand II of León (c. 1165) with whom she had Alfonso IX of León. This marriage didn't prevent her father King Afonso I of Portugal from declaring war on his son-in-law. This short war culminated in disaster when Afonso was captured in Badajoz.

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