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What was cholera in the 1800s?
The first cholera pandemic (1817–1824), also known as the first Asiatic cholera pandemic or Asiatic cholera, began near the city of Calcutta and spread throughout South and Southeast Asia to the Middle East, eastern Africa and the Mediterranean coast.
The First Cholera Pandemic . The first cholera pandemic emerged out of the Ganges Delta with an outbreak in Jessore, India, in 1817, stemming from contaminated rice. The disease quickly spread ...
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Seven cholera pandemics have occurred in the past 200 years, with the first pandemic originating in India in 1817. Additionally, there have been many documented cholera outbreaks, such as a 1991–1994 outbreak in South America and, more recently, the 2016–2020 Yemen cholera outbreak.
PANDEMIC Disease: Cholera Estimated Death Toll: > 100,000 Location: Asia, Europe The first cholera pandemic (1817–24), also known as the first Asiatic cholera pandemic or Asiatic cholera, began near the city of Calcutta and spread throughout Southeast Asia to the Middle East, eastern Africa and the Mediterranean coast. While cholera had spread across India many times previously, this ...
The first documented account of cholera appears in an Indian medical report of 1563, but the disease seems to have been restricted to Bengal until the 19th century, when unprecedented population growth and increased mobility facilitated its transmission across the world.
- What Is Cholera?
- Early History
- Recent History
We've all had bouts of diarrhea. Yes, even if we don't like admitting it. Most of the time, we ran to the toilet 2-3 times or for 2-3 days, and then things just kind of went back to normal. But did you know that a bout of diarrhea can be deadly? Yep, it can be when it's a diarrheal illness called cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is actually an ancient problem, and that's what this lesson is all about: the history of cholera.
There is some evidence that points to outbreaks of cholera in the ancient world. The father of modern medicine, an ancient Greek physician called Hippocrates (c. 400 BCE), makes mention of it. Hippocrates heavily influenced a later Roman physician of Greek descent called Galen (c. 200 CE). He too described an illness that many presume was an outbreak of cholera. But cholera wasn't just a European problem. Reports of this illness have also been around in India since antiquity.
Most of what we know about the history of cholera, however, comes to us from the 19th century onwards. In 1817, cholera caused a very lethal outbreak in India, which then spread to Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Three years later, an outbreak was reported in Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Over 100,000 people died as a result of the outbreak on the island of Java (Indonesia). A year later, in 1821, Iraq experienced an outbreak of cholera that killed 18,000 people over three wee...
The second cholera pandemic, which was the first to reach into Europe and the Americas, began in 1829. The disease arrived in Moscow and St. Petersburg in 1830, continuing into Finland and Poland. Carried by tradesmen along shipping routes, it rapidly spread to the port of Hamburg in northern Germany and made its first appearance in England ...
Asia suffered immensely from a large outbreak from 1899-1923 and currently many developing nations in Africa, the Caribbean and Asia suffer in the seventh pandemic of cholera. This current pandemic began in South Asia in 1961, touched Africa in 1971 and then the Americas in 1991.
- 1633-1634: Smallpox from European settlers. Smallpox came to North America in the 1600s. Symptoms included high fever, chills, severe back pain, and rashes.
- 1793: Yellow fever from the Caribbean. One humid summer, refugees fleeing a yellow fever epidemic in the Caribbean Islands sailed into Philadelphia, carrying the virus with them.
- 1832-1866: Cholera in three waves. The United States had three serious waves of cholera, an infection of the intestines, between 1832 and 1866. The pandemic began in India and swiftly spread across the globe through trade routes.
- 1858: Scarlet fever also came in waves. Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that can occur after strep throat. Like cholera, scarlet fever epidemics came in waves.