Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor
www.britannica.com/biography/Charlemagne#:~:text=Charlemagne, also called Charles I, byname Charles the,what was later called the Holy Roman Empire.
- Charlemagne, also called Charles I, byname Charles the Great, (born April 2, 747?—died January 28, 814, Aachen, Austrasia [now in Germany]), king of the Franks (768–814), king of the Lombards (774–814), and first emperor (800–814) of the Romans and of what was later called the Holy Roman Empire.
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Around the time of the birth of Charlemagne—conventionally held to be 742 but likely to be 747 or 748—his father, Pippin III (the Short), was mayor of the palace, an official serving the Merovingian king but actually wielding effective power over the extensive Frankish kingdom.
- Who Was Charlemagne?
- Crowned as Holy Roman Emperor
- Events Leading to Emperor Charlemagne
- Unifying The Roman Empire
- Questions of Authority
Charlemagne was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774 and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognized emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian Empire. He was later canonized by the pope.
When the people of western Europe awoke on this day, December 26, 800, they had an emperor again. On Christmas Day, as King Charles of France knelt in prayer before the altar of the church of St. Peter's in Rome, Pope Leo III suddenly placed a golden crown on his head. The Roman people shouted three times, \\"To Charles Augustus, crowned by God, the great and pacific emperor of the Romans, life, and victory!\\" Charles was reverenced by the pope and called Emperor and Augustus, after the manner o...
What led up to this dramatic event? Three hundred years and more had passed since the collapse of the Roman Empire in western Europe. Many elements were at work. For one thing, the popes owed the Franks a great debt for their preservation in recent years. Charles Martel had turned back the Muslim invasion of Europe and Peppin had subdued the Lombards. Another reason for the pope to crown Charles was to show Rome's independence from the Greek Empire in Constantinople. Since the days of Constan...
To be sure, Charles was an empire-builder. He had become master of the French kingdom in 768 and used his military might to forcibly bring the German tribes under his authority, forcing them to accept baptism and become Christians. His cruelty has been blamed for the Viking invasions which troubled Europe for over a century. His dominion stretched from the Baltic Sea to the British Channel to Rome itself. Charles worked diligently to provide a good, unified organization for his vast empire. W...
The coronation of Charles sparked much debate during the middle ages. At issue was what relationship of the church to state. Did the act of crowning the emperor show the pope's superior authority as the giver of the empire to King Charles? Charles didn't think so. He continued to rule as the divinely appointed protector of the church, appointing bishops as well as counts to office. He was not only the first but possibly the greatest of the emperors from the eighth through the nineteenth centu...
Jun 24, 2019 · Charlemagne’s Consolidation of Europe After the fall of the Roman Empire, most of what we consider to be Europe was not effectively run nor was it cultivated by any prolific dynasty until the incipience of the Carolingian rulers. Ultimately it was Charlemagne who expanded this empire beginning with its expansion and then consolidation.
Although Charlemagne was crowned Roman Emperor in the West in 800, the first use of the term “Holy Roman Emperor” was applied when Pope John XII crowned Otto, Duke of Saxony, Emperor Otto I on February 3, 962.
The Holy Roman Emperor's standard designation was "August Emperor of the Romans" (Romanorum Imperator Augustus). When Charlemagne was crowned in 800, he was styled as "most serene Augustus, crowned by God, great and pacific emperor, governing the Roman Empire," thus constituting the elements of "Holy" and "Roman" in the imperial title.
- HIS FATHER WASN'T BORN A KING. Charlemagne's father, Pepin III—often called Pepin the Short—was mayor of the palace (administrator of the royal court) before he was named the first King of the Franks.
- HIS BROTHER DIED SOON AFTER BECOMING CO-KING. After Pepin III died, Charlemagne shared power with his younger brother Carloman, with the two acting as joint kings.
- HE IS CONSIDERED THE FATHER OF EUROPE. As the King of the Franks, Charlemagne set out on an ambitious and bloody campaign to expand his territory. By the time of his death in 814, this kingdom included the majority of what is now considered Western, and some of Central, Europe.
- BEING CROWNED EMPEROR MAY HAVE BEEN A SURPRISE. Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor at Christmas mass in 800. Charlemagne had arrived in Rome a few weeks earlier at the request of the pope, but by many accounts, including that of his court scholar Einhard, he was not expecting his new role, and only realized what was happening when the pope put the imperial crown upon his head.
Apr 14, 2008 · Europe was mired in a centuries-long dark age before a king named Charlemagne came along and turned on the light switch. By encouraging arts, culture and education, the 8th-century Frankish king –...
- Charlemagne united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire. The fall of Western Roman Empire in late 5th century led to its vast territory being divided in numerous kingdoms without any central authority.
- Charlemagne was the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. In 799, Pope Leo III was physically attacked by a faction of Romans. He flew to Charlemagne and asked for his aid.
- Charlemagne played a vital role in the spread of Christianity across Europe. Charlemagne was devoted to Christianity and took several steps to spread the religion across his vast empire.
- He was the driving force behind the Carolingian Renaissance. At his royal court in Aachen, Charlemagne gathered the cream of available intellect, most notably the English scholar Alcuin of York.
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