Flemish ( Vlaams) is a Low Franconian dialect cluster of the Dutch language. It is sometimes referred to as Flemish Dutch ( Vlaams-Nederlands ), Belgian Dutch ( Belgisch-Nederlands [ˈbɛlɣis ˈneːdərlɑnts] ( listen) ), or Southern Dutch ( Zuid-Nederlands ). Flemish is native to Flanders, a historical region in northern Belgium; it is ...
- Low Franconian
Low Franconian, Low Frankish, Netherlandic is a linguistic...
The term Flemish itself has become ambiguous. Nowadays, it...
- Low Franconian
Flemish people make up the majority of the Belgian population (about 60%). "Flemish" was historically a geographical term, as all inhabitants of the medieval County of Flanders in modern-day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands were referred to as "Flemings", irrespective of their ethnicity or language.
The Flemish Region, usually simply referred to as Flanders, is one of the three regions of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region. It occupies the northern part of Belgium and covers an area of 13,625 km2. It is one of the most densely populated regions of Europe with around 490/km2. The Flemish Region should not be confused with the Flemish Community: the latter encompasses both the inhabitants of the Flemish Region and the Dutch-speaking minority living in...
Immediately after its establishment in 1980, the region transferred all its constitutional competencies to the Flemish Community. Thus, the current Flemish authorities represent all the Flemish people, including those living in the Brussels-Capital Region. Hence, the Flemish Region is governed by the Flemish Community institutions. However, members of the Flemish Community parliament elected in the Brussels-Capital Region have no right to vote on Flemish regional affairs.
Flanders is home to a diversified modern economy, with emphasis put on research and development. Many enterprises work closely with local knowledge and research centres to develop new products and services. The Gross domestic product of the region was 269.9 billion € in 2018, accounting for 59% of Belgiums economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 36,300 € or 136% of the EU27 average in the same year.
Largest cities in the region include: 1. Antwerp 2. Ghent 3. Bruges 4. Leuven 5. Mechelen 6. Aalst 7. Hasselt 8. Sint-Niklaas 9. Kortrijk 10. Ostend 11. Genk 12. Roeselare The Flemish Diamond is the name of the central, populous area in Flanders and consists of several of these c
The official language of the Flemish Region is Dutch. The dialect cluster spoken in the region is sometimes colloquially referred to as Flemish, Flemish Dutch, Belgian Dutch, or Southern Dutch. Spelling and grammar are regulated by a single authority, the Dutch Language Union, co
Religion in the Flemish Region in 2016 Catholic Church Protestantism Irreligion Islam Other religion According to a 2016 survey by the Free University of Brussels, 63% of Flemish citizens are Roman Catholic, 2% are Protestant, 26% have not religion, while 2% have other religions.
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- Modern internal trends
- Opinion polling
The Flemish Movement is an umbrella term which encompasses various political groups in the Belgian region of Flanders and, less commonly, in French Flanders. Ideologically, it encompasses groups which have sought to promote Flemish culture and Dutch language as well as those who have sought greater political autonomy for Flanders within Belgium. It also encompasses nationalists who have sought the secession of Flanders from Belgium, either through outright independence or unification with the Ne
In the Spanish and then Austrian Netherlands in the 18th century and until the Brabant Revolution, the language of the literate was Spanish and then gradually French, but accompanied by a vernacular language. Language problems did not arise at that time. In 1788 Jan Baptist Chrys
After the fall of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna of 1815 led to the creation of a buffer state: the United Kingdom of the Netherlands composed of today's Netherlands and Belgium. The United Kingdom of the Netherlands survived for a short period of 15 years, that was put to an e
Upon Belgium becoming an independent state from the Netherlands, there was an reaction against the Dutch and their language. In an attempt to remove Dutch from the new country, Belgian officials declared that the only official language in Belgium now was French. The Administratio
The militant wing of the Flemish Movement such as the Vlaams Belang advocates the foundation of an independent Flemish republic, separating from Wallonia. A part of this militant wing also advocates reunion with the Netherlands. This view is shared with several Dutch right-winged
The liberal List Dedecker, as well as several representatives of important Flemish parties belonging to the moderate wing, including the Christian Democratic and Flemish party, the Flemish Liberals and Democrats party, and, to a lesser extent, the Different Socialist Party, prefe
Several representatives of the SP.A and, to a lesser extent, the CD&V and VLD parties, prefer an improved federal organisation of the Belgian state over a confederal one. This view is shared with several social and cultural organisations such as the Vermeylenfonds or Willemsfonds
In June 2006 a poll published by VRT found that 40% percent of respondents support Flemish independence. In December 2019 a poll published by Le Soir and RTL found that 37% percent of Flemish respondents would vote for Flemish independence, as opposed to only 14% percent of Walloons and 17% percent of Brussels residents.
Flemish might mean: Anything related to the Flemish Region in Belgium (often called Flanders)
Flemish Region (Dutch: Vlaams Gewest) is a region in the north of Belgium. The official language is Dutch, sometimes called Flemish. Flanders has 5 provinces. About 7 million people live there. Its capital is Brussels.
- Medieval Flemish literature
- Split between North and South
- Reunification and new split
- 20th century
Flemish literature is literature from Flanders, historically a region comprising parts of present-day Belgium, France and the Netherlands. Until the early 19th century, this literature was regarded as an integral part of Dutch literature. After Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830, the term Flemish literature acquired a narrower meaning and refers to the Dutch-language literature produced in Belgium. It remains a part of Dutch-language literature.
In the earliest stages of the Dutch language, a considerable degree of mutual intelligibility with some German dialects was present, and some fragments and authors are claimed for both realms. Examples include the 12th-century poet Hendrik van Veldeke, who is claimed by both Dutch and German literature. In the first stages of Flemish literature, poetry was the predominant form of literary expression. In the Low Countries as in the rest of Europe, courtly romance and poetry were popular genres du
Flanders formed a political and cultural whole with the Netherlands until 1579, when as a result of the Reformation the Protestant northern provinces split off from the Roman-Catholic south which remained under Spanish rule. While the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands witnessed its Golden Age, the Southern Netherlands suffered war and misery under Spanish occupation. As the Protestants fled from the Catholic Southern Netherlands, the once prospering port town of Antwerp started to decline
After the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars, Belgium and the Netherlands were reunited in 1815 under Dutch rule as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The reunification lead to a wider recognition of the Dutch language in Belgium. Resentment of Dutch rule by the French-speaking elites and the Catholic Church created a climate in which the Belgians revolted against Dutch rule in 1830, an event which is known as the Belgian Revolution. Jan Frans Willems The immediate result of the Belgian Revol
In the twentieth Century Flemish literature evolved further and was influenced by the international literary evolution. Cyriel Buysse and Stijn Streuvels were influenced by the naturalist literary fashion, while Felix Timmermans was a neo-romanticist. After World War I the poet Paul van Ostaijen was an important representative of expressionism in his poems. In between World War I and World War II, Gerard Walschap, Willem Elsschot and Marnix Gijsen were prominent Flemish writers. After World War
- Admeenistrative diveesions
- See An Aw
- Freemit airtins
Immediately efter its establishment, the region transferred aw its constitutional competencies tae the Flemish Community. The current Flemish authorities (Flemish Parliament, Flemish Govrenment) therefore represent aw the Flemish fowk, includin those livin in the Brussels-Caipital Region. Hence, the Flemish Region is govrened bi the Flemish Community institutions. Housomeivver, members o the Flemish Community parliament who wur electit in Brussels-Caipital Region, hae nae richt tae vote on Flemish regional affairs.
The Flemish Region comprises 5 provinces, each consistin o admeenistrative arrondissements which in turn contain municipalities (in tot 308 municipalities in Flanders). The Ceety o Brussels, the seat o the Flemish parliament, is locatit athin the Brussels-Caipital Region, which is surroondit bi the province o Flemish Brabant. Brussels conteens baith the Flemish Community an the French Community, baith haein thair institutions in Brussels.
Flanders is hame tae a diversifeed, relatively modren economy, wi emphasis put on research an development. Mony enterprises wirk closely wi local knowledge an research centres tae develop new products an services.
Lairgest ceeties in the region include (wi population figurs in 2010): 1. Antwerp(483,505) 2. Ghent(243,366) 3. Bruges(116,741) 4. Leuven(95,463) 5. Mechelen(80,940) 6. Aalst(80,043) 7. Kortrijk(74,911) 8. Hasselt(73,067) 9. Sint-Niklaas(71,806) 10. Ostend(69,064) 11. Genk(64,757) 12. Roeselare(57,432) The Flemish Diamond (Dutch: Vlaamse Ruit) is the name o the central, populous aurie in Flanders an consists o several o thir ceeties, sic as Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven an Mechelen. Approximately 5,...
The offeecial leid is Dutch, whiles colloquially referred tae as Flemish. The main dialect groups include Wast Flemish, East Flemish, Brabantian an Limburgish. French mey be uised for certaint admeenistrative purposes in a leemitit nummer o the sae-cried "municipalities wi leid facilities" aroond the Brussels-Caipital Region an on the mairch wi Wallonie. "Rim municipalities" (aroond Brussels) are Drogenbos, Kraainem, Linkebeek, Sint-Genesius-Rode (French: Rhode-Saint-Genèse), Wemmel an Wezemb...
Education in Belgium is regulatit bi the communities. In Flanders this is done bi the Flemish Community an in Brussels bi baith the Flemish an French Community. 1. Leet o schuils in Antwerp 2. Leet o schuils in East Flanders 3. Leet o schuils in Flemish Brabant 4. Leet o schuils in Limburg 5. Leet o schuils in Wast Flanders(in Inglis) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid).(in Inglis) Flanders online Archived 2007-04-07 at the Wayback Machine(an aw in French, German an Dutch).(in French) French Flanders
The Flemish Diamond is the Flemish reference to a network of four metropolitan areas in Belgium, three of which are in the central provinces of Flanders, together with the Brussels Capital Region. It consists of four agglomerations which form the four corners of an abstract diamond shape: Brussels, Ghent, Antwerp and Leuven. Over five million people live in this area, with a population density of about 600 per square kilometre in 2002.
The Flemish Diamond is a regional government concept not officially recognized by the Belgian central authority, the Federal government, which recognizes no poly-centric conurbation in Belgium that crosses regional borders and includes Brussels as part of it. The other major Belgian metropolitan areas that are in relative proximity to the national capital are the exclusive competence of the regional authorities. These autonomous authorities may choose to include or exclude Brussels in their own
The distance from Antwerp to Brussels is approximately 51 km. The city of Mechelen is in the middle, and towards Brussels the industrial area of Vilvoorde. With the Port of Antwerp stretching to the north, this has long been recognized as a major north-south urban and industrial axis. The western triangular area of the larger cities of Antwerp-Brussels-Ghent comprises the cities of Lokeren located west of Sint-Niklaas, Dendermonde north of Aalst as well as the industrial area Boom ...