Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football normally means the form of football that is the most popular where the word is used.
American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The name football comes from the two words 'foot' and 'ball'. It is named football because the players of the game walk and often run (on their feet ) while playing, as opposed to (for example) polo where the players ride horses.
People also ask
What do you need to know about football?
What are the basic rules in football?
What was football first called?
What words describe football?
- Association football
- Gridiron football
- Australian rules football
- Gaelic football
- Rugby football
A football is a ball inflated with air that is used to play one of the various sports known as football. In these games, with some exceptions, goals or points are scored only when the ball enters one of two designated goal-scoring areas; football games involve the two teams each trying to move the ball in opposite directions along the field of play. The first balls were made of natural materials, such as an inflated pig bladder, later put inside a leather cover, which has given rise to the Ameri
Law 2 of the game specifies that the ball is an air-filled sphere with a circumference of 68–70 cm, a weight of 410–450 g, inflated to a pressure of 0.6 to 1.1 atmospheres "at sea level", and covered in leather or "other suitable material". The weight specified for a ball is the dry weight, as older balls often became significantly heavier in the course of a match played in wet weather. There are a number of different types of football balls depending on the match and turf including ...
In the United States and Canada, the term football usually refers to a ball made of cow hide leather, which is required in professional and collegiate football. Footballs used in recreation and in organized youth leagues may be made of rubber or plastic materials. Since 1941, Horween Leather Company has been the exclusive supplier of leather for National Football League footballs. The arrangement was established by Arnold Horween, who had played and coached in the NFL. Horween Leather Company al
The football used in Australian football is similar to a rugby ball but generally slightly smaller and more rounded at the ends, but more elongated in overall appearance, being longer by comparison with its width than a rugby ball. A regulation football is 720–730 millimetres in circumference, and 545–555 mm transverse circumference, and inflated to a pressure of 62–76 kPa. In the AFL, the balls are red for day matches and yellow for night matches. The first games of Australian ...
The game is played with a round leather football made of 18 stitched leather panels, similar in appearance to a traditional volleyball, with a circumference of 68–70 cm, weighing between 480–500 g when dry. It may be kicked or hand passed. A hand pass is not a punch but rather a strike of the ball with the side of the closed fist, using the knuckle of the thumb.
Until 1870, rugby was played with a near spherical ball with an inner-tube made of a pig's bladder. In 1870 Richard Lindon and Bernardo Solano started making balls for Rugby school out of hand stitched, four-panel, leather casings and pigs' bladders. The rugby ball's distinctive shape is supposedly due to the pig's bladder, although early balls were more plum-shape than oval. The balls varied in size in the beginning depending upon how large the pig's bladder was. Because of the pliability of ru
- National usage
- "Football" as a loanword
The English word football may mean any one of several team sports, depending on the national or regional origin and location of the person using the word. So where English is a first language the unqualified use of the word football is used to refer to the most popular code of football in that region. The sports most frequently referred to as simply football are Association football, American football, Australian rules football, Canadian football, Gaelic football, rugby league football and rugby
An early reference to a ball game that was probably football comes from 1280 at Ulgham, Northumberland, England: "Henry... while playing at ball.. ran against David". Football was played in Ireland in 1308, with a documented reference to John McCrocan, a spectator at a "football game" at Newcastle, County Down being charged with accidentally stabbing a player named William Bernard. Another reference to a football game comes in 1321 at Shouldham, Norfolk, England: "during the game at ball as he k
Within Australia the term "football" is ambiguous and can mean up to four different codes of football in Australian English, depending on the context, geographical location and cultural factors; this includes soccer, Australian rules football, rugby league and rugby union. In the
In Canada, football refers to Canadian football or American football, often differentiated as either "CFL" or "NFL". Because of the similarity between the games, many people in both countries do not consider the two styles of gridiron football separate sports per se, but rather d
In most of the English-speaking Caribbean, "football" and "soccer" are both used to refer to association football, but use of the word "football" is far more common. The exception is the Bahamas, where the term "football" is used exclusively. The nickname of the Trinidad and Toba
Many languages use phonetic approximations of the English word "football" for association football. Examples include: 1. Albanian: futboll 2. Bengali: ফুটবল 3. Filipino: futbol 4. Hungarian: futball 5. Lithuanian: futbolas 6. Persian: فوتبال fuwtbal 7. Russian: футбол 8. Spanish: fútbol or futbol 9. Thai: ฟุตบอล 10. Turkish: futbol This commonality is reflected in the auxiliary languages Esperanto and Interlingua, which utilise futbalo and football ...
Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of 11 players.It is played by approximately 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport.
College football is gridiron football consisting of American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.
A football player or footballer is a sport person who plays one of the different types of football. The main types of football are association football, American football, Canadian football, Australian rules football, Gaelic football, rugby league and rugby union. It has been estimated that there are 250 million association football players in the world, and many play the other forms of football.
The 1960s was the best decade in Arkansas football history. ESPN ranked Arkansas the 19th most prestigious program in college football, but if only this decade was included, the Hogs would be 10th. 1960 brought another SWC crown, and a Cotton Bowl Classic invitation for the Hogs, who were ranked as high as 7th during the season.
- related to: football wikipedia