France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice. France, including its overseas territories, has the most time zones of any country, with a total of twelve.
France also hosts the 24 Hours of Le Mans car race. France also hosted the Rugby World Cup in 2007 and finished fourth. France is closely associated with the Modern Olympic Games. At the end of the 19th century, the Baron Pierre de Coubertin suggested having the Olympic Games again. France hosted the Summer Olympics twice, in 1900 and 1924, in ...
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France had the second largest population in Europe around 1700. Britain had 5 million, Spain had 8 million, and the Austrian Habsburgs had around 8 million. Russia was the most populated European country at the time. France's lead slowly faded after 1700, as other countries grew faster.
La France ( Écouter ), en forme longue depuis 1875 la République française ( Écouter ), est un État souverain transcontinental dont le territoire métropolitain est situé en Europe de l'Ouest. Ce dernier a des frontières terrestres avec la Belgique, le Luxembourg, l' Allemagne, la Suisse, l' Italie, l' Espagne et les deux principautés d ...
French Wikipedia. The French Wikipedia ( French: Wikipédia en français) is the French-language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. This edition was started on 23 March 2001, two months after the official creation of Wikipedia. It has 2,337,834 articles as of 16 June, 2021, making it the fifth-largest Wikipedia overall, after ...
- Administrative Divisions
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France, Western Europe me hae. France ke merr (border) Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, aur Spain se hae. France me dui pahaarr hae jiske naam hae the Alps aur Pyrenees. France me dher naddi hae, jaise ki Seine aur Loire. France ke north aur west me chota pahaarr aur naddi ke valley hae. France me dher rakam ke mausam rahe hae. Atlanticnorth and west ke mausam ke bahut affect kare hae. Iske matlab ii hae ki temperature sab time lg hag ek rakam rahe hae. East me winter bahut thanda rhae hae. Summer me bahut garam rahe aur tuufan bhi aae hae. South me summer me garam aur jhuura rahe hae aur winter me thanda aur bhiija rahe hae.
"France" ke naam Latin Francia se aais hae, jiske matlab hae "land of the Franks" nai to "Frankland". France ke abhi ke border purana Gaul ke border ke rakam hae. Purana Gaul me Celtic Gauls log rahat rahin. Gaul ke 1st century BC me Rome, jiske leader Julius Caesar rahaa, capture kar liis rahaa. Dhire dhire, Eventually, Gauls log Roman bhasa (Latin, jisme se French bhasaaais hae) aur Roman ke rahan. Christianity 2nd aur 3rd century me France me faila aur fourth aur fifth century me ekdam tagrraa hoe gais. 4th century AD, me Germanic tribes, jisme jaada kar ke Franks rahin Gaul ke invade kar diin aur ii rakam se france ke naam milaa. Abhi ke “France” ke naam Capetian France ke Raja logan jon ki Paris ke rahin, se aais hae. Roman Empire ke gire ke baad, Franks logan Europe ke pahila tribe rahin jon ki CatholicChristianity banin. French logan apne aap ke “the Most Christian Kingdom of France” bole hae. Treaty of Verdun (843), Charlemagne ke Empire ke tiin bhaag me baat diis. Isme se s...
France ke (administrative) regions me baata gais hae jisme se 22 Metropolitan France me hae: 1. Corsica ke alag ke status hae aur iske collectivité territorialebola jaae hae. France ke 4 overseas regionshae: France ke 100 departments me baata gais hae. Ii departments ke 342 arrondissements me baata gais hae. arrondissements ke fir se 4,032 cantons me baata gais hae. Sab se chhota subdivision commune hae. 1 January 2008, me INSEE 36,781 communes ke gini jisme se 36,569 metropolitan France aur 212 overseas France me hae . This is more than in any other European country.
France ke sarkar semi-presidential system hae jaise ki French fifth Republic ke Constitution ke likha hae. Ii des apne ke "an indivisible, secular, democratic, aur social Republic" bole hae.
France ke armed forceske chaar branches me baata gais hae: 1. The Armée de Terre(Army) 2. The Marine Nationale(Navy) 3. The Armée de l'Air(Air Force) 4. The Gendarmerie Nationale(Ek military jon ki National Rural Police ke rakam rahe hae) France me 359,000 military personnel hae.. France, aapan GDP ke 2.6% defence pe kharchaa kare hae. Ii European Union me sab se jaada hae. France aur UK, EU 40% defence budget spend kare hae. France's ke defence budget ke 10% nuclear weaponsme kharchaa karaa jaae hae.
The Île-de-France (/ ˌ iː l d ə ˈ f r ɒ̃ s /, French: [il də fʁɑ̃s] (); literally "Isle of France") is the most populous of the eighteen regions of France.Centred on the capital Paris, it is located in the north-central part of the country and often called the Région Parisienne ("Paris Region"). Île-de-France is densely populated and retains a prime economic position on the ...
- Merovingian Dynasty
- Carolingian Dynasty
- Capetian Dynasty
- First Republic
- House of Bourbon
- Second Republic
- Heads of State Following 1871
The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. The Merovingian kings began as chieftains. The oldest known was Chlodio. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons (Neustria), Paris, Orléans (Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). Several Merovingian monarchs brought back together the Frankish kingdoms and took the title of "King of the Franks". But upon their deaths, according to Frankish custom, the kingdom would often be split once again between their sons. The last Merovingian kings, known as the lazy kings (rois fainéants), did not hold any real political power. The Mayor of the Palace governed instead. When Theuderic IV died in 737, Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel left the throne vacant and continued to rule until his own death in 741. His sons Pepin and Carlomanbriefly brought back the Merovingian dynasty by raising Childeric III to the throne in 743. In 751, Pepin deposed...
Three of the twelve kings during the 147-year Carolingian Dynasty – Odo, his brother Robert I and Robert's son in law Raoul/Rudolph – were not from the Carolingian Dynasty but from the rival Robertian Dynasty. The Robertian Dynasty became the Capetian Dynasty with when Hugh Capettook the throne in 987.
The Capetian Dynasty, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet, ruled France from 987 to 1792 and again from 1814 to 1848. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328 are generally called Valois and Bourbon.
The First French Republic lasted from 1792 to 1804, when its First Consul, Napoleon Bonaparte, declared himself Emperor of the French.
The elder son of Charles X, the Dauphin Louis-Antoine, is sometimes said to have legally been the King of France as Louis XIX. This is in the 20 minutes between Charles X's formal signature of abdication and the Dauphin's own signature. Henri d'Artois, Charles X's grandson, is said by monarchists to be the King of France, as Henry Vfrom 2 August 1830 to 9 August 1830. He was never recognized by the French State. He is generally not in lists of official French monarchs. There was a brief period (20 March 1815 to 8 July 1815) called the Hundred Days in which Louis XVIII was king somewhat before the time, but fled because of Napoleon I's return from Elba
The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French.
The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France. There were short term periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic.
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