France is a founding and leading member of the European Union and the Eurozone,  as well as a key member of the Group of Seven, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and La Francophonie . Contents 1 Etymology and pronunciation 2 History 2.1 Prehistory (before the 6th century BC)
La France tire son nom des Francs (peuple germanique) qui en ont institué les premiers fondements sur les bases de la Gaule romaine.. Les premières occurrences du mot « France » en langue française se rencontrent au XI e siècle, notamment dans la Chanson de Roland (vers 1080) , mais le terme latin Francia était déjà employé dans les textes antérieurs, avec des acceptions variables.
France is the largest country in the European Union and the second largest in Europe. It has been one of the world's most powerful countries for many centuries. During the 17th and 18th centuries, France colonized much of North America. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, France built one of the largest colonial empires of the time.
France was one of the Allied Powers in World War II, but was conquered by Nazi Germany in 1940. The Third Republic was dismantled, and most of the country was controlled directly by Germany while the south was controlled until 1942 by the collaborationist Vichy government.
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