3 days ago · Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern (born 14 July 1933), commonly known by the courtesy title Duke of Bavaria, is the head of the House of Wittelsbach, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria. His great-grandfather King Ludwig III was the last ruling monarch of Bavaria until deposed in 1918. Franz was born in Munich.
1 day ago · When in 1180, Henry the Lion was deposed as Duke of Saxony and Bavaria by his cousin, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (a.k.a. "Barbarossa" for his red beard), Bavaria was awarded as fief to the Wittelsbach family, counts palatinate of Schyren ("Scheyern" in modern German). They ruled for 738 years, from 1180 to 1918.
Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (=30) 9. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 15, ≠ 5) 19. Archduchess Anna of Austria (=31) 2. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor: 20. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria: 10. William V, Duke of Bavaria: 21. Anna of Austria (≠13) 5. Maria Anna of Bavaria (≠ 9, 15) 22. Francis I, Duke of Lorraine: 11. Renata of Lorraine: 23. Christina ...
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The Bavarians emerged in a region north of the Alps, previously inhabited by Celts, which had been part of the Roman provinces of Raetia and Noricum. The Bavarians spoke Old High German but, unlike other Germanic groups, probably did not migrate from elsewhere. Rather, they seem to have coalesced out of other groups left behind by Roman withdrawal late in the 5th century. These peoples may have included the Celtic Boii, some remaining Romans, Marcomanni, Allemanni, Quadi, Thuringians, Goths,...
From about 554 to 788, the house of Agilolfing ruled the Duchy of Bavaria, ending with Tassilo III who was deposed by Charlemagne. Three early dukes are named in Frankish sources: Garibald I may have been appointed to the office by the Merovingian kings and married the Lombard princess Walderada when the church forbade her to King Chlothar I in 555. Their daughter, Theodelinde, became Queen of the Lombards in northern Italy and Garibald was forced to flee to her when he fell out with his Fran...
Electorate of Bavaria
In 1623 the Bavarian duke replaced his relative of the Palatinate branch, the Electorate of the Palatinate in the early days of the Thirty Years' War and acquired the powerful prince-electoral dignity in the Holy Roman Empire, determining its Emperor thence forward, as well as special legal status under the empire's laws. The country became one of the Jesuit supported counter-reformation centers. During the early and mid-18th century the ambitions of the Bavarian prince electors led to severa...
The modern coat of arms of Bavaria was designed by Eduard Ege in 1946, following heraldic traditions. 1. The Golden Lion: At the dexter chief, sable, a lion rampant Or, armed and langued gules. This represents the administrative region of Upper Palatinate. 2. The "Franconian Rake": At the sinister chief, per fess dancetty, gules and argent. This represents the administrative regions of Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia. 3. The Blue "Pantier" (mythical creature from French heraldry, sporting a flame instead of a tongue): At the dexter base, argent, a Pantier rampant azure, armed Or and langued gules. This represents the regions of Lower and Upper Bavaria. 4. The Three Lions: At the sinister base, Or, three lions passant guardant sable, armed and langued gules. This represents Swabia. 5. The White-And-Blue inescutcheon: The inescutcheon of white and blue fusils askance was originally the coat of arms of the Counts of Bogen, adopted in 1247 by the House of Wittelsbach. The white-and-bl...
Bavaria shares international borders with Austria (Salzburg, Tyrol, Upper Austria and Vorarlberg) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Plzeň and South Bohemian Regions) as well as with Switzerland (across Lake Constance to the Canton of St. Gallen). Because all of these countries are part of the Schengen Area, the border is completely open. Neighbouring states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony. Two major rivers flow through the state: the Danube (Donau) and the Main. The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria (including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg), and within the range is the highest peak in Germany: the Zugspitze. The Bavarian Forest and the Bohemian Forest form the vast majority of the frontier with the Czech Republic and Bohemia. The major cities in Bavaria are Munich (München), Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Augsburg, Regensburg, Würzburg, Ingolstadt, Fürth and Erlangen.
Bavaria is divided into 7 administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk).
The Constitution of Bavaria of the free state of Bavaria was enacted on 8 December 1946. The new Bavarian Constitution became the basis for the Bavarian State after the Second World War. Bavaria has a unicameral Landtag, or state parliament, elected by universal suffrage. Until December 1999, there was also a Senat, or Senate, whose members were chosen by social and economic groups in Bavaria, but following a referendum in 1998, this institution was abolished. The Bavarian State Government co...
Designation as a "free state"
Unlike most German states (Länder), which simply designate themselves as "State of X" (Land X), Bavaria uses the style of "Free State of Bavaria" (Freistaat Bayern).
Bavaria has long had one of the largest economies of any region in Germany, or Europe for that matter. Its GDP in 2007 exceeded 434 billion Euros (about 600 bn US$). This makes Bavaria itself one of the largest economies in Europe and only 20 countries in the world have a higher GDP. Some large companies headquartered in Bavaria include BMW, Siemens, Rohde & Schwarz, Audi, Munich Re, Allianz, Infineon, MAN, Wacker Chemie, Puma, Adidas, and Ruf. Bavaria has a GDP per capita of over $48,000 US, meaning that if it were its own independent country it would rank 7th or 8th in the world.
The population of Bavaria is 12,843,514 (2015). Countries of origin of the major immigrant groups are as listed below:
Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany. Noteworthy differences (especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities) can be found with respect to:
Bavaria is home to several football clubs including FC Bayern Munich, 1. FC Nuremberg, FC Augsburg, TSV 1860 München, FC Ingolstadt 04 and SpVgg Greuther Fürth. Bayern Munich is the most popular and successful football team in Germany having won a record 27 German titles. They are followed by 1.FC Nuremberg who have won 9 titles. SpVgg Greuther Fürth have won 3 championships while TSV 1860 München have been champions once. FC Bayern won the 2013 UEFA Champions League final.Johannisburg Castle in AschaffenburgWürzburg ResidenceFortress Marienberg and the Alte Mainbrücke in WürzburgPlassenburg Castle in Kulmbach
5 days ago · Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711) 1743 John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll , Scottish commander and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Surrey (b. 1678)
4 days ago · Having frequented every one of the German restaurants Dagmar has launched in the nearly a quarter-century in which she’s served the Duke City metropolitan area, I’ve become besotted by her baked breads, delighted by her desserts, captivated by her cooking and grown very fond of the remarkable, larger-than-life woman named Dagmar.
6 days ago · File:Royal Monogram of Ludwig Rudolph, Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg.svg; File:Royal Monogram of Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony.svg; File:Royal Monogram of Marie Sophie Wilhelmine, Duchess of Württemberg-Oels.svg; File:Royal Monogram of Maximilian I Joseph as Duke of Berg.svg; File:Royal Monogram of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria ...
Oct 16, 2020 · Dr. Isaac George is a thoracic surgeon in New York, New York and is affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area. He has been in practice between 11-20 years.
6 days ago · Georg Philipp Harsdörffer claimed in the 1650s that the 1581 wedding banquet for the duke of Mantua lasted three hours, and that a Florence wedding banquet of the same period lasted six hours. 152 A “respectable performance of vocal and instrumental music” lasted two hours at a Munich banquet following the 1611 marriage ceremony for Duke ...
5 days ago · He acted throughout his career as a political broker between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria and Rome. He was a friend of fellow Linceian Galileo Galilei, and the German painters in Rome, Johann Rottenhammer and Adam Elsheimer.