Mar 17, 2017 · Frederick in Bohemia Having won a victory in Saxony the year before, Frederick looked to invade Bohemia in 1757 with the goal of crushing the Austrian army. Crossing the border with 116,000 men divided into four forces, Frederick drove on Prague where he met the Austrians who were commanded by Browne and Prince Charles of Lorraine.
It was officially recognized in 1212 by the Golden Bull of Sicily issued by Emperor Frederick II, elevating the Duchy of Bohemia to Kingdom status and proclaiming its independence which was also bolstered by king of Bohemia and emperor Charles IV. with his golden bull in 1456.
A golden bust of Frederick I, given to his godfather Count Otto of Cappenberg in 1171. It was used as a reliquary in Cappenberg Abbey and is said in the deed of the gift to have been made "in the likeness of the emperor". Holy Roman Emperor. Reign. 1155 – 10 June 1190.
Oldenburg (1746-1766), Count: as Frederick III see: Frederick V of Denmark = OLDENBURG, Frederick V see: Frederick V of Denmark : Oldrich, Duke of Bohemia [c975-1034] – BOHM3 30GGFa = Oldřich of Bohemia see: Oldrich, Duke of Bohemia + OLMSTEAD Family
- Life and Reign
- Frederick and The Justinian Code
- Charismatic Leader
- in Popular Culture
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Frederick was born in 1122. In 1147 he became Duke of the southern German region of Swabia (Herzog von Schwaben), and shortly afterwards made his first trip to the East, accompanied by his uncle, the German king Conrad III, on the Second Crusade. The expedition proved to be a disaster, but Frederick distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the king. When Conrad died in February 1152, only Frederick and the prince-bishop of Bamberg were at his deathbed. Both asserted afterwards...
Rise to power
Eager to restore the Empire to the position it had occupied under Charlemagne and Otto I the Great, the new king saw clearly that the restoration of order in Germany was a necessary preliminary to the enforcement of the imperial rights in Italy. Issuing a general order for peace, he made lavish concessions to the nobles. Abroad, Frederick intervened in the Danish civil war between Svend III and Valdemar I of Denmark and began negotiations with the Eastern Roman Emperor, Manuel I Comnenus. It...
First Italian Campaign: 1154–55
Frederick undertook six expeditions into Italy. In the first, beginning in October 1154, his plan was to launch a campaign against the Normans under King William I of Sicily. He marched down and almost immediately encountered resistance to his authority. Obtaining the submission of Milan, he successfully besieged Tortona in early 1155, razing it to the ground. He moved on to Pavia, where he received the Iron Crown and the title of King of Italy. Moving through Bologna and Tuscany, he was soon...
The increase in wealth of the trading cities of northern Italy led to a revival in the study of the Justinian Code, a Latin legal system that had become extinct centuries earlier. Legal scholars renewed its application. It is speculated that Pope Gregory VII personally encouraged the Justinian rule of law and had a copy of it. The historian Norman Cantor described Corpus Iuris Civilis (Justinian Body of Civil Law) as "the greatest legal code ever devised". It envisaged the law of the state as a reflection of natural moral law (as seen by the men of the Justinian system), the principle of rationality in the universe. By the time Frederick assumed the throne, this legal system was well established on both sides of the Alps. He was the first to utilize the availability of the new professional class of lawyers. The Civil Law allowed Frederick to use these lawyers to administer his kingdom in a logical and consistent manner. It also provided a framework to legitimize his claim to the rig...
Historians have compared Frederick to Henry II of England. Both were considered the greatest and most charismatic leaders of their age. Each possessed a rare combination of qualities that made him appear superhuman to his contemporaries: longevity, boundless ambition, extraordinary organizing skill, and greatness on the battlefield. Both were handsome and proficient in courtly skills, without appearing effeminate or affected. Both came to the throne in the prime of manhood. Each had an element of learning, without being considered impractical intellectuals but rather more inclined to practicality. Each found himself in the possession of new legal institutions that were put to creative use in governing. Both Henry and Frederick were viewed to be sufficiently and formally devout to the teachings of the Church, without being moved to the extremes of spirituality seen in the great saints of the 12th century. In making final decisions, each relied solely upon his own judgment,and both we...
Frederick is the subject of many legends, including that of a sleeping hero, like the much older British Celtic legends of Arthur or Bran the Blessed. Legend says he is not dead, but asleep with his knights in a cave in the Kyffhäuser mountain in Thuringia or Mount Untersberg in Bavaria, Germany, and that when the ravens cease to fly around the mountain he will awake and restore Germany to its ancient greatness. According to the story, his red beard has grown through the table at which he sits. His eyes are half closed in sleep, but now and then he raises his hand and sends a boy out to see if the ravens have stopped flying. A similar story, set in Sicily, was earlier attested about his grandson, Frederick II. To garner political support the German Empire built atop the Kyffhäuser the Kyffhäuser Monument, which declared Kaiser Wilhelm Ithe reincarnation of Frederick; the 1896 dedication occurred on 18 June, the day of Frederick's coronation. In medieval Europe, the Golden Legend bec...
Frederick's first marriage, to Adelheid of Vohburg, did not produce any issue and was annulled. From his second marriage, to Beatrice of Burgundy,he had the following children: 1. Beatrice (1162–1174). She was betrothed to King William II of Sicilybut died before they could be married. 2. Frederick V, Duke of Swabia(Pavia, 16 July 1164 – 28 November 1170). 3. Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor(Nijmegen, November 1165 – Messina, 28 September 1197). 4. Conrad (Modigliana, February 1167 – Acre, 20 January 1191), later renamed Frederick VI, Duke of Swabiaafter the death of his older brother. 5. Gisela (October/November 1168 – 1184). 6. Otto I, Count of Burgundy(June/July 1170 – killed, Besançon, 13 January 1200). 7. Conrad II, Duke of Swabiaand Rothenburg (February/March 1172 – killed, Durlach, 15 August 1196). 8. Renaud (October/November 1173 – in infancy). 9. William (June/July 1176 – in infancy). 10. Philip of Swabia (August 1177 – killed, Bamberg, 21 June 1208) King of Germany in 1198. 11...In Victor Hugo's romantic play Les Burgraves(1843), Frederick (as character Frédéric de Hohenstaufen) returns many years after he was presumed dead, as expected by some medieval legends.Cyrus Townsend Brady's Hohenzollern; a Story of the Time of Frederick Barbarossa(1901) begins with a dedication to "the descendants of the great Germanic race who in Europe, in America, and in the...Land of Unreason (1941), by L. Sprague de Camp and Fletcher Pratt, mentions the castle of the Kyffhäuser.John Crowley's novel Little, Big(1981) features Frederick Barbarossa as a character in modern times, awoken from his centuries of sleep. In the book, he becomes the President of the United States a...German monarchs family treeDukes of Swabia family treeOperation Barbarossa, the codename of the German invasion of the Soviet Unionin 1941.
Template:Wikisource author 1. MSN Encarta – Frederick I (Holy Roman Empire) (Archived2009-10-31) 2. Famous Men of the Middle Ages – Frederick Barbarossa 3. Charter given by Emperor Frederick for the bishopric of Bamberg showing the Emperor's seal, 6.4.1157 . Taken from the collections of the Lichtbildarchiv älterer Originalurkunden at Marburg University
- Conrad III
- 30 June 1178, Arles
The estate was owned by Ferdinand Karel Švihovský, who supported Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Protestant King of Bohemia. When the Protestant nobles lost the Battle of White Mountain , Ferdinand Karel Švihovský fled with Frederick V to the Netherlands.
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