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  1. Emperor Frederick Barbarossa opted on the local Armenians' advice to follow a shortcut along the Saleph river, meanwhile the army started to traverse the mountain path. On 10 June 1190, he drowned near Silifke Castle in the Saleph river.

    Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman_Emperor
  2. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman...

    Emperor Frederick Barbarossa opted on the local Armenians' advice to follow a shortcut along the Saleph river, meanwhile the army started to traverse the mountain path. On 10 June 1190, he drowned near Silifke Castle in the Saleph river.

  3. Frederick I | Holy Roman emperor | Britannica

    Frederick I, byname Frederick Barbarossa (Italian: Redbeard), (born c. 1123—died June 10, 1190), duke of Swabia (as Frederick III, 1147–90) and German king and Holy Roman emperor (1152–90), who challenged papal authority and sought to establish German predominance in western Europe.

  4. Biography of Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor

    Jun 13, 2019 · Frederick I Barbarossa was born in 1122 to Frederick II, Duke of Swabia, and his wife Judith. Barbarossa's parents were members of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and House of Welf, respectively. This provided him with strong family and dynastic ties that would aid him later in life.

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  5. Italy - Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa) | Britannica

    Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa) The reign of Conrad’s successor and nephew, the duke of Swabia, Frederick I (1152–90), brought a major reassertion of imperial rule in Italy. Frederick saw himself not as the heir to a compromise but as a restorer of the Romano-Carolingian heritage of the German monarchy.

  6. Frederick I, Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor - Timeline Index

    Frederick I Barbarossa was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March, crowned King of Italy in Pavia in 1154, and finally crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155. He was crowned King of Burgundy at Arles on 30 June 1178.

  7. Frederick I (Barbarossa) - New Advent

    Frederick was again left to his own resources and, after a short sojourn in Germany, undertook a new expedition to Italy (1163). For a time the death of the antipope , Victor IV , gave rise to hopes of a reconciliation between Frederick and Alexander III , but soon the emperor recognized another antipope , Paschal III .

  8. Frederick I Barbarossa: A Megalomaniac Roman Emperor On a ...

    Jun 22, 2017 · Emperor Frederick Red Beard Frederick I, known also by his nickname, Barbarossa (which, in Italian, means ‘Red Beard’), was a Holy Roman emperor who lived during the 12th century. During his lifetime, Barbarossa was a popular ruler, and was well-loved by his subjects.

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  9. Holy Roman Emperor. Born in Waiblingen, Germany, Barbarossa was elected King of Germany on March 4th, 1152, succeeding his uncle, Conrad III, and he was further crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1155.

    • 1122, Germany
    • 8116342 · View Source
    • 10 Jun 1190 (aged 67–68), Antalya, Turkey
    • Frederick’s Youth
    • to Be Crowned King of The Romans
    • The Revolt of Lombardy
    • in Troubles with The Pope
    • A Decisive Victory and A New Crusade
    • at The River Saleph
    • But He’S Not Really Dead, Is He? – The Legend

    Frederick was born in 1122. Frederick’s father was from the Hohenstaufen family, and his mother was from the Welf family, the two most powerful families in Germany. At age 25 he became Duke of Swabia in 1147, and shortly afterwards made his first trip to the East, accompanied by his uncle, the German king Conrad III, on the Second Crusade. The expedition proved to be a disaster, but Frederick distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the king. When Conrad died in February 1152, only Frederick and the prince-bishop of Bamberg were at his deathbed. Both asserted afterwards that Conrad had, in full possession of his mental powers, handed the royal insignia to Frederick and indicated that Frederick, rather than Conrad’sown six-year-old son succeed him as king.

    On 4 March 1152 the kingdom’s princely electors in Frankfurt designated Frederick as the next German king, to be crowned King of the Romans at Aachen only several days later. The status of the German empire by that time was in disarray, its power waning under the weight of the Investiture controversy with Henry IV.[3] The German monarchy was largely a nominal title with no real power. When Frederick I of Hohenstaufen was chosen as king in 1152, royal power had been in effective abeyance for over twenty-five years. The only real claim to wealth lay in the rich cities of northern Italy, which were still within the nominal control of the German king.

    In 1158 Milan, the chief city of Lombardy, revolted and over the Alps came an army of a hundred thousand German soldiers, with Frederick Barbarossa at their head. After a long siege the city surrendered, but soon it revolted again. The emperor besieged it once more and once more it surrendered. Its fortifications were destroyed and many of its buildings ruined. But even then the spirit of the Lombards was not broken. Milan and the other cities of Lombardy united in a league and defied the emperor. He called upon the German dukes to bring their men to his aid. All responded except Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony, Frederick’s cousin. Frederick is said to have knelt and implored Henry to do his duty, but in vain. Frederick’scampaign against the Lombards failed and his army was completely defeated.

    On 9 June 1156 at Würzburg, Frederick married Beatrice of Burgundy, thus adding to his possessions the sizeable realm of the County of Burgundy. He also declared himself the sole Augustus of the Roman world. In June 1158, Barbarossa prepared a large expedition to Italy. In the years since he was crowned, a growing rift had opened between the emperor and the pope. While Barbarossa believed that the pope should be subject to the emperor, Pope Adrian claimed the opposite. Marching into Italy, Barbarossa sought to reassert his imperial sovereignty. Sweeping through the northern part of the country, he conquered city after city and occupied Milan on September 7, 1158. As tensions grew, Adrian considered excommunicating the emperor, however he died before taking any action. In September 1159, Pope Alexander III was elected and immediately moved to claim papal supremacy over the empire. In response to Alexander’s actions and his excommunication, Barbarossa began supporting a series of anti...

    In 1166, Barbarossa attacked towards Rome at won a decisive victory at theBattle of Monte Porzio. His success proved short-lived as disease ravaged his army and he was forced to retreat back to Germany. Remaining in his realm for six years, he worked to improve diplomatic relations with England, France, and the Byzantine Empire. Though Barbarossa had reconciled with the pope, he continued to take actions to strengthen his position in Italy. In 1183, he signed a treaty with the Lombard League, separating them from the pope. After the Christians had held Jerusalem for eighty-eight years, it was recaptured by the Moslems under the lead of the famous Saladin , in the year 1187. There was much excitement in Christendom, and the Pope proclaimed another Crusade. Frederick immediately raised an army of Crusaders in the German Empire and with one hundred and fifty thousand men started for Palestine. He marched into Asia Minor, attacked the Moslem forces, and defeated them in two great battles.

    On 10 June 1190, Emperor Frederick’s career was put to an end when he drowned in the Saleph river. He had decided to walk his horse through the river instead of crossing the bridge that had been too crowded with troops. The current was too strong for the horse to handle, and his suit armour was too heavy for him to swim in: both were swept away and drowned. Some historians believe he may have had a heart attack that complicated matters. Some of Frederick’smen put him in a barrel of vinegar to preserve his body.

    In the Empire the dead emperor was long mourned and for many years the peasants believed that Frederick was not really dead, but was asleep in a cave in theKyffhäuser mountain in Germany, with his gallant knights around him. He was supposed to be sitting in his chair of state, with the crown upon his head, his eyes half-closed in slumber, his beard as white as snow and so long that it reached the ground. “When the ravens cease to fly round the mountain,” said the legend, “Barbarossa shall awake and restore Germany to its ancient greatness.” Even today you will find references to thelegendary emperor in literature. Umberto Eco made Frederick Barbarossa to one of his protagonists in his historical novel Baudolino. There, you can learn about Barbarossas constant quarrel with the Northern Italian city states, his departure for the Third Crusade and his death by drowning in the river Saleph. At yovisto you can learn more about the times of the Crusades in John Green’s crash course on Wor...

  10. June 10, 1190: Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns during ...

    Jun 10, 2017 · Frederick I Barbarossa (known as “red beard”) is generally considered one of Medieval Europe’s greatest emperors.

    • Dr. Zar
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