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      • Frederick III (Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670. In 1657, King Frederick III declared war on Sweden and marched on Bremen-Verden. List of islands of DenmarkJutlandScandinaviaSwedenGermany Christian, Prince-Elect of Denmark
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  2. Frederick III of Denmark - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_III_of_Denmark

    Frederick III was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670. He also governed under the name Frederick II as diocesan administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Verden, and the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen. He instituted absolute monarchy in Denmark-Norway in 1660, confirmed by law in 1665 as the first in Western historiography. He also ordered the creation of the Throne Chair of Denmark. He was born the second-eldest son of Christian IV and Anne Catherine of Brandenburg. Fred

  3. Second Northern War - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Northern_War

    Frederick III's war on Sweden gave Charles X Gustav a reason to abandon the Polish–Lithuanian deadlock and fight Denmark instead. After marching his army to the west and making a dangerous crossing of the frozen straits in the winter of 1657/58, he surprised the unprepared Frederick III on the Danish isles and forced him into surrender.

  4. Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_III,_Duke_of...

    Engraving of Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. He was the elder son of Duke Johann Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp and Princess Augusta of Denmark. His mother was a daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark . He had ambitious plans concerning the development of sea trade. With this purpose he established Friedrichstadt in 1621, in sympathy with city of Glückstadt established in 1617 by Christian IV of Denmark.

    • Early Years
    • Reign
    • Titles and Styles
    • Issue
    • External Links

    Fred­er­ick was born at Hader­slev in Slesvig, the son of Chris­t­ian IV and Anne Cather­ine of Bran­den­burg. In his youth and early man­hood, there was no prospect of his as­cend­ing the Dan­ish throne, as his older brother Chris­t­ian was elected heir ap­par­entin 1608. Dur­ing his early child­hood, he was raised under the su­per­vi­sion of Beate Huit­feldt. Fred­er­ick was ed­u­cated at Sorø Acad­emy and stud­ied in the Nether­lands and France. As a young man, he demon­strated an in­ter­est in the­ol­ogy, nat­ural sci­ences, and Scan­di­na­vian his­tory. He was a re­served and enig­matic prince who sel­dom laughed, spoke lit­tle, and wrote less, a strik­ing con­trast to Chris­t­ian IV. Even though he lacked the im­pul­sive and jovial qual­i­ties of his fa­ther, Fred­er­ick pos­sessed the com­pen­sat­ing virtues of mod­er­a­tion and self-con­trol. On 1 Oc­to­ber 1643 Fred­er­ick wed So­phie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneb­urg, the daugh­ter of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneb­urg, who h...

    Proclaimed king

    The death of his elder brother Chris­t­ian in June 1647 opened the pos­si­bil­ity for Fred­er­ick to be elected heir ap­par­ent to the Dan­ish throne. How­ever, this issue was still un­set­tled when Chris­t­ian IV died on 28 Feb­ru­ary 1648. After long de­lib­er­a­tion among the Dan­ish Es­tates and in the Rigsraadet (royal coun­cil), he was fi­nally ac­cepted as his fa­ther's suc­ces­sor. On 6 July, Fred­er­ick re­ceived the homage of his sub­jects, and he was crowned on 23 No­vem­ber. How­e...

    Defeated by Sweden

    With all his good qual­i­ties, Fred­er­ick was not a man to rec­og­nize fully his own lim­i­ta­tions and that of his coun­try. But he rightly re­garded the ac­ces­sion of Charles X of Swe­den on 6 June 1654 as a source of dan­ger to Den­mark. He felt that tem­pera­ment and pol­icy would com­bine to make Charles an ag­gres­sive war­rior-king: the only un­cer­tainty was in which di­rec­tion he would turn his arms first. Charles's in­va­sion of Poland in July 1655 came as a dis­tinct re­lief to...

    Assault on Copenhagen repelled

    But Charles's in­sa­tiable lust for con­quest and his in­erad­i­ca­ble sus­pi­cion of Den­mark in­duced him to en­deav­our to despatch an in­con­ve­nient neigh­bour with­out any rea­son­able cause or de­c­la­ra­tion of war in de­fi­ance of all in­ter­na­tional stan­dards of ac­cept­able be­hav­ior on the part of rulers. Ter­ror was the first feel­ing pro­duced at Copen­hagen by the land­ing of the main Swedish army at Korsør on Zealandon 17 July 1658. None had an­tic­i­pated the pos­si­bil­it...

    1 May 1648 – 9 February 1670 His Majesty the King: By the Grace of God, King of Denmark and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Dithmarschen, Count of Oldenbu...

    With So­phie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneb­urghe had the fol­low­ing chil­dren: Also, he had with Mar­garethe Pape one il­le­git­i­mate son, Ulrik Fred­erik Gyldenløve.

  5. Frederick III of Denmark - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org/Frederick_III_of_Denmark

    Frederick III (Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670.

  6. Frederick III of Denmark - Infogalactic: the planetary ...

    infogalactic.com/info/Frederick_III_of_Denmark
    • Early Years
    • Reign
    • Titles and Styles
    • Issue
    • External Links

    Frederick was born at Haderslev in Slesvig, the son of Christian IV and Anne Catherine of Brandenburg. In his youth and early manhood, there was no prospect of his ascending the Danish throne, as his older brother Christian was elected heir apparent in 1608. Frederick was educated at Sorø Academy and studied in the Netherlands and France. As a young man, he demonstrated an interest in theology, natural sciences, and Scandinavian history. He was a reserved and enigmatic prince who seldom laughed, spoke little, and wrote less, a striking contrast to Christian IV. Even though he lacked the impulsive and jovial qualities of his father, Frederick possessed the compensating virtues of moderation and self-control. On 1 October 1643 Frederick wed Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the daughter of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who had an energetic, passionate, and ambitious character. He was an enthusiastic collector of books and his collection became the foundation for the Copenhage...

    Proclaimed king

    The death of his elder brother Christian in June 1647 opened the possibility for Frederick to be elected heir apparent to the Danish throne. However, this issue was still unsettled when Christian IV died on 28 February 1648. After long deliberation among the Danish Estates and in the Rigsraadet (royal council), he was finally accepted as his father's successor. On 6 July, Frederick received the homage of his subjects, and he was crowned on 23 November. However, due to misgivings about the rul...

    Defeated by Sweden

    With all his good qualities, Frederick was not a man to recognize fully his own limitations and that of his country. But he rightly regarded the accession of Charles X of Sweden on 6 June 1654 as a source of danger to Denmark. He felt that temperament and policy would combine to make Charles an aggressive warrior-king: the only uncertainty was in which direction he would turn his arms first. Charles's invasion of Poland in July 1655 came as a distinct relief to Frederick, even though the Poli...

    Assault on Copenhagen repelled

    But Charles's insatiable lust for conquest and his ineradicable suspicion of Denmark induced him to endeavour to despatch an inconvenient neighbour without any reasonable cause or declaration of war in defiance of all international standards of acceptable behavior on the part of rulers. Terror was the first feeling produced at Copenhagen by the landing of the main Swedish army at Korsør on Zealandon 17 July 1658. None had anticipated the possibility of such a sudden and brutal attack, and eve...

    1 May 1648 – 9 February 1670 His Majesty the King: By the Grace of God, King of Denmark and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Dithmarschen, Count of Oldenbu...

    With Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburghe had the following children: Also, he had with Margarethe Pape one illegitimate son, Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve.

    The Royal Lineage at the website of the Danish Monarchy
    Frederik III at the website of the Royal Danish Collection
  7. Frederick III of Denmark - hyperleap.com

    hyperleap.com/topic/Frederick_III_of_Denmark

    Frederick III (Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670. In 1657, King Frederick III declared war on Sweden and marched on Bremen-Verden. List of islands of DenmarkJutlandScandinaviaSwedenGermany Christian, Prince-Elect of Denmark

  8. Frederick I of Denmark - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederik_I_of_Denmark

    Frederick was the younger son of the first Oldenburg King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1426–81) and of Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430–95). Soon after the death of his father, the underage Frederick was elected co-Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in 1482, the other co-duke being his elder brother, King John of Denmark.

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