Frederick V, Elector Palatine (Jagdschloß Deinschwang, 16 August 1596 - Mainz, 29 November 1632). Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (Neumarkt, 19 November 1597 - Crossen an der Oder , 26 April 1660); married in 1616 to Elector George William of Brandenburg .https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_IV,_Elector_Palatine
Frederick V welcomed John to Heidelberg, whereas Wolfgang William was denied entry. This led to a heated dispute among the princes of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1613, Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor intervened in the dispute, with the result being that Frederick V was able to begin his personal rule in the Palatinate even though he was still ...
Aug 22, 2020 · Frederick V, (born Aug. 26, 1596, Amberg, Upper Palatinate [Germany]—died Nov. 29, 1632, Mainz), elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia (as Frederick I, 1619–20), and director of the Protestant Union.
Frederick V, Elector Palatine (Jagdschloß Deinschwang, 16 August 1596 - Mainz, 29 November 1632). Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (Neumarkt, 19 November 1597 - Crossen an der Oder , 26 April 1660); married in 1616 to Elector George William of Brandenburg .
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Frederick V of the Palatinate Frederick V (Friedrich V.; 26 August 1596 – 29 November 1632) was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and served as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620.
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- “Queen of Hearts”
- The Spanish Match
- War with Spain
In 1612, James' eldest daughter Elizabeth married Frederick V, the youthful Elector of the Palatinate, which was the leading state in the German Protestant Union. In 1618, the Protestant princes chose Frederick and Elizabeth to be King and Queen of Bohemia in defiance of the claims of the Hapsburg Emperor, Ferdinand II. Imperial troops invaded Bohemia and defeated Frederick at the battle of the White Mountain in 1620, while Spanish and Bavarian forces invaded the Palatinate itself. Frederick and Elizabeth were driven into exile in Holland. English Protestants demanded military intervention to liberate the Palatinate and to restore Elizabeth, who became a Protestant heroine and was known as the "Queen of Hearts". A force of English volunteers commanded by Sir Horace Vere gallantly rode to Elizabeth's rescue, but King James realised that a full-scale military intervention on behalf of his daughter and son-in-law was too costly to consider.
King James sought a diplomatic solution to the problem of the Palatinate by proposing that Elizabeth's brother Charles, Prince of Wales (later Charles I), should marry the Infanta Maria, sister of King Philip IV of Spain. James hoped that Charles' marriage to a Hapsburg would bring family pressure on Ferdinand to restore Frederick and Elizabeth as well as giving Britain a powerful European ally. Early in 1623, Prince Charles, accompanied by the Duke of Buckinghamand an entourage of gentlemen, embarked upon an ill-advised journey to Madrid to court the Infanta in person. A papal dispensation was required before the Infanta could marry a Protestant prince. Pope Gregory XV was in favour of the marriage but he died while the negotiations were in progress, after which they broke down in an atmosphere of hostility and mistrust.
Charles and Buckingham returned to England in October 1623, determined to avenge their humiliation by making war on Spain. Against King James' better judgement, they persuaded the Parliament of 1624 to vote funds for war. An army was raised under the command of the mercenary Count Mansfeld and sent to regain the Palatinate. Mansfeld's expedition failed, but the English navy was strengthened in preparation for further campaigns against Spain. Although James would not declare war, Charles and Buckingham pursued their plan and arranged a marriage alliance with Spain's enemy France, which resulted in Charles' marriage to Henrietta Maria, daughter of the French King Henri IV. King James died in March 1625 and Charles inherited the throne. Encouraged by the Duke of Buckingham, Charles sent a naval expedition against Spain that was intended to draw Spanish resources away from the Palatinate, but the English attack on Cadiz was a disastrous failure. After the assassination of the Duke of Bu...
The Thirty Years War began around 1618 with a quarrel between supporters of Frederick V and the recently crowned Roman Catholic King of Bohemia, Ferdinand. The Palatinate, along with Germany, was plunged into a devastating conflict that left much of the land desolate.
- Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
- Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
- Younger History
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c.915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahleck, 1142–55
Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them was concerned, having felt a deep sense of neglet from the side of the distant governments in Munich for generations - later approved by plebiscite.
↑ Kohnle, Armin (2005). "Mittelalterliche Grundlagen; Pfalzgraftenamt, Territorialentwicklung und Kurwürde" (in German). Kleine Geschichte der Kurpfalz. Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt (Fir...
Frederick V was driven from Bohemia in 1620 and, in 1623, was deprived of his German lands and electoral dignity, which were given to Bavaria. Catholic troops devastated the Rhenish Palatinate. The Peace of Westphalia (1648) restored the Rhenish lands, as well as a new electoral dignity, to Frederick’s son Charles Louis.
Frederick was evicted from Bohemia in 1620 following his defeat by the forces of Emperor Ferdinand II at the Battle of the White Mountain. Over the period 1621–1622, the Palatinate was occupied by Spanish and Bavarian troops and Frederick was exiled to the Dutch Republic.