Frederick V was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and reigned as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. He was forced to abdicate both roles, and the brevity of his reign in Bohemia earned him the derisive sobriquet "the Winter King". Frederick was born at the Jagdschloss Deinschwang near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate. He was the son of Frederick IV and of Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau, the daughter of William the Silent and Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpen Read Morehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_V,_Elector_Palatine
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Frederick V was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and reigned as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. He was forced to abdicate both roles, and the brevity of his reign in Bohemia earned him the derisive sobriquet "the Winter King". Frederick was born at the Jagdschloss Deinschwang near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate. He was the son of Frederick IV and of Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau, the daughter of William the Silent and Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpen
Aug 22, 2020 · Frederick V, (born Aug. 26, 1596, Amberg, Upper Palatinate [Germany]—died Nov. 29, 1632, Mainz), elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia (as Frederick I, 1619–20), and director of the Protestant Union.
Frederick V of the Palatinate Aug 26, 1596 - Nov 29, 1632 Frederick V was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and reigned as King of Bohemia from 1619 to...
Frederick V of the Palatinate. Frederick V (German: Friedrich V.; 26 August 1596 – 29 November 1632) was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and reigned as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620.
Frederick was born in Deinschwang near Amberg in 1596 as the eldest son of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine. He succeeded his father in 1610. In 1619 the estates and people of Bohemia rebelled against the Habsburgs and offered Frederick the crown. Frederick accepted the crown, but was unable to get support from his allies in the Protestant Union.
Frederick V, Elector Palatine 26 August 1596 – 29 November 1632) wis the Elector Palatine o the Rhine in the Haly Roman Empire frae 1610 tae 1623, an reigned as King of Bohemia frae 1619 tae 1620.
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Frederick was evicted from Bohemia in 1620 following his defeat by the forces of Emperor Ferdinand II at the Battle of the White Mountain. Over the period 1621–1622, the Palatinate was occupied by Spanish and Bavarian troops and Frederick was exiled to the Dutch Republic.
- “Queen of Hearts”
- The Spanish Match
- War with Spain
In 1612, James' eldest daughter Elizabeth married Frederick V, the youthful Elector of the Palatinate, which was the leading state in the German Protestant Union. In 1618, the Protestant princes chose Frederick and Elizabeth to be King and Queen of Bohemia in defiance of the claims of the Hapsburg Emperor, Ferdinand II. Imperial troops invaded Bohemia and defeated Frederick at the battle of the White Mountain in 1620, while Spanish and Bavarian forces invaded the Palatinate itself. Frederick and Elizabeth were driven into exile in Holland. English Protestants demanded military intervention to liberate the Palatinate and to restore Elizabeth, who became a Protestant heroine and was known as the "Queen of Hearts". A force of English volunteers commanded by Sir Horace Vere gallantly rode to Elizabeth's rescue, but King James realised that a full-scale military intervention on behalf of his daughter and son-in-law was too costly to consider.
King James sought a diplomatic solution to the problem of the Palatinate by proposing that Elizabeth's brother Charles, Prince of Wales (later Charles I), should marry the Infanta Maria, sister of King Philip IV of Spain. James hoped that Charles' marriage to a Hapsburg would bring family pressure on Ferdinand to restore Frederick and Elizabeth as well as giving Britain a powerful European ally. Early in 1623, Prince Charles, accompanied by the Duke of Buckinghamand an entourage of gentlemen, embarked upon an ill-advised journey to Madrid to court the Infanta in person. A papal dispensation was required before the Infanta could marry a Protestant prince. Pope Gregory XV was in favour of the marriage but he died while the negotiations were in progress, after which they broke down in an atmosphere of hostility and mistrust.
Charles and Buckingham returned to England in October 1623, determined to avenge their humiliation by making war on Spain. Against King James' better judgement, they persuaded the Parliament of 1624 to vote funds for war. An army was raised under the command of the mercenary Count Mansfeld and sent to regain the Palatinate. Mansfeld's expedition failed, but the English navy was strengthened in preparation for further campaigns against Spain. Although James would not declare war, Charles and Buckingham pursued their plan and arranged a marriage alliance with Spain's enemy France, which resulted in Charles' marriage to Henrietta Maria, daughter of the French King Henri IV. King James died in March 1625 and Charles inherited the throne. Encouraged by the Duke of Buckingham, Charles sent a naval expedition against Spain that was intended to draw Spanish resources away from the Palatinate, but the English attack on Cadiz was a disastrous failure. After the assassination of the Duke of Bu...
Frederick V, Elector Palatine (Jagdschloß Deinschwang, 16 August 1596 - Mainz, 29 November 1632). Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (Neumarkt, 19 November 1597 - Crossen an der Oder, 26 April 1660); married in 1616 to Elector George William of Brandenburg. Anna Eleonore of the Palatinate (Heidelberg, 4 January 1599 - Heidelberg, 10 October 1600).