The First French Empire, officially the French Republic (until 1809) then the French Empire, also known as the Napoleonic Empire, was the empire ruled by Napoleon Bonaparte, who established French hegemony over much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
- First French Colonial Empire
- Colonial Conflict with Britain
- Second French Colonial Empire
- Collapse of The Empire
French imperialism stemmed partly from rivalry and competition with her neighbors, initially Spain and Portugal and later with the British Empire and partly from commercial and economic interests. The main period of French colonial expansion took place after the establishment of the Third Republic in 1870. Napoleon III's war with Prussia burdened France with reparations that had to be paid. In addition, however, the French saw themselves as promoting the values of the Enlightenment and as extending and glorifying French culture, even as recreating the Roman imperial space that had existed on both sides of the Mediterranean. Given France's republican identity at this time, the idea of promoting democracy—even though democratization was very limited in the colonial space—was also a factor in France's imperial project. Algeria, which from as early as 1848 was a department of France and so officially no longer a colony, was regarded as an extension of France into Africa, which, in the t...
The early voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano and Jacques Cartier in the early sixteenth century, as well as the frequent voyages of French fishermen to the Grand Banks off Newfoundland throughout that century, were the precursors to the story of France's colonial expansion. But Spain's jealous protection of its American monopoly, and the disruptions caused in France itself by the Wars of Religion in the later sixteenth century, prevented any consistent efforts by France to establish colonies. Early French attempts to found colonies in Brazil, in 1555, at Rio de Janeiro ("France Antarctique") and in 1612, at São Luís ("France Équinoxiale"), and in Florida (including Fort Caroline in 1562) were not successful, due to Portugueseand Spanish vigilance. The story of France's colonial empire truly began on July 27, 1605, with the foundation of Port Royal in the colony of Acadia in North America, in what is now Nova Scotia, Canada. A few years later, in 1608, Samuel De Champlain founded Queb...
In the mid-eighteenth century, a series of colonial conflicts began between France and Britain, which would ultimately result in the demise of most of the first French colonial empire. These wars were the War of the Austrian Succession (1744–1748), the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), the War of the American Revolution (1778–1783), and the French Revolution (1793–1802) and Napoleonic (1803-1815) Wars. It may even be seen further back in time to the first of the French and Indian Wars. This recurrent conflict is known as the so-called Second Hundred Years' War. Although the War of the Austrian Succession was indecisive—despite French successes in India under the French Governor-General Joseph François Dupleix — the Seven Years' War, after early French successes in Minorca and North America, saw a French defeat, with the numerically superior British (over one million to about 50 thousand French settlers) conquering not only New France (excluding the small islands of Saint-Pierre and Miqu...
At the close of the Napoleonic Wars, most of France's colonies were restored to it by Britain, notably Guadeloupe and Martinique in the West Indies, French Guiana on the coast of South America, various trading posts in Senegal, the Île Bourbon (Réunion) in the Indian Ocean, and France's tiny Indian possessions. Britain finally annexed Saint Lucia, Tobago, the Seychelles, and the Île de France (Mauritius), however. The true beginnings of the second French colonial empire, however, were laid in 1830, with the French invasion of Algeria, which was conquered over the next 17 years. During the Second Empire, headed by Napoleon III, an attempt was made to establish a colonial-type protectorate in Mexico, but this came too little, and the French were forced to abandon the experiment after the end of the American Civil War, when the American president, Andrew Johnson, invoked the Monroe Doctrine. This French intervention in Mexico lasted from 1861 to 1867. Napoleon III also established Fren...
The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria, Lebanon, and Madagascar, the U.S. and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, and Germany in Tunisia). However, control was gradually reestablished by Charles de Gaulle. The French Union, included in the 1946 Constitution, replaced the former colonial Empire. However, France was immediately confronted with the beginnings of the decolonization movement. Paul Ramadier (SFIO)'s cabinet repressed the Malagasy insurrection in 1947. In Asia, Ho Chi Minh's Vietminh declared Vietnam's independence, starting the Franco-Vietnamese War. In Cameroun, the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon's insurrection, started in 1955, and headed by Ruben Um Nyobé, was violently repressed. When this ended with French defeat and withdrawal from Vietnam in 1954, the French almost immediately became involved in a new, and even harsher conflict...
Former colonies became part of the French Union, which was replaced in the new 1958 Constitution by the French Community. Only Guinea refused by referendum to take part to the new colonial organization. However, the French Community dissolved itself in the midst of the Algerian War; all of the other African colonies were granted independence in 1960, following local referendums. Some few colonies chose instead to remain part of France, under the statuses of overseas départements (territories). Critics of neocolonialism claimed that the Françafriquehad replaced formal direct rule. They argued that while de Gaulle was granting independence on one hand, he was creating new ties through Jacques Foccart's help, his counselor for African matters. Foccart supported in particular the Biafra secession (or Nigerian civil war) during the late 1960s. The legacy of empire to some degree enables France to pursue an independent foreign policy and to argue for continued permanent member status of t...Boucher, Philip P. 1985. The Shaping of the French Colonial Empire: A Bio-bibliography of the Careers of Richelieu, Fouquet, and Colbert. New York: Garland Pub. ISBN 9780824089733.Chafer, Tony, and Amanda Sackur. 1999. French Colonial Empire and the Popular Front: Hope and Disillusion. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312218263.Cohen, William B. 1971. Rulers of Empire: The French Colonial Service in Africa. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 9780817919511.Pakenham, Thomas. 1991. The Scramble for Africa. New York: Random House/Abacus. ISBN 0-349-10449-2.
The French colonial empire in the Americas comprised New France (including Canada and Louisiana ), French West Indies (including Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica, St. Lucia, Grenada, Tobago and other islands) and French Guiana. French North America was known as 'Nouvelle France' or New France. During the 16th century, the French ...
FRENCH EMPIRE. BIBLIOGRAPHY. In 1914 the French Empire was the second largest colonial empire in population and extent/territory. A century earlier, France had already lost most of a substantial previous empire in India and North America, retaining only a few slave islands in the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean, tiny colonial fragments in India, and some coastal footholds and trading stations ...
- Early Years
- Second Empire
- End of The Empire
- See Also
The French Empire was a worldwide system of dependencies under the sovereignty of the crown of France. It began in France followed by the conquest over the rest of the Europe. The empire's capital was in Paris. At its height in the late 19th and early 20th centuries it was one of the largest empire in history. Trade ties with nations outside of its sovereignty reinforced its global dominance.
The French Empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
France returned to be a monarchy. and the The Second Colonial Empire was formed with the conquest of Algiers, Algeriain 1830. The Empire moved into Asia conquering the regions that would one day be known as Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam and administered by Francefrom 1863 to 1953. Sin-Cong was founded as a French protectorate in the 1850's and remained under French supervision for decades. Government officials such as Armand Duquesneabused their social standing to torment the Sin-Congese.
The second colonial empire came to an end after the loss in later wars of First Indochina War with Vietnamin 1954. In 1962, Algeriagained it's independence from France. After that they had a relatively peaceful decolonizations elsewhere after 1960.
The French Empire (French: L'Empire Francais) is a country in Europe, generally regarded as one of the world's superpowers which has dominated Europe and much of world affairs politically, militarily and economically since the mid-1810s. Based in France proper, the term "French Empire" refers both to the nation itself, headed by a ...
The 1st French Empire
Back when Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were beheaded in 1793, and since little Louis XVII died in prison, The First French Republic was declared by Maximilian Robespierre. The republic did not last long, as in 1804, Napoleon declared himself Emperor of the First French Empire. He was coronated in that year. He was not very popular with the 3rd Coalition though. The 1st French Empire went to war with the Austrian Empire, The British Empire, the Swedish Empire, and The Russian Empire. Napoleo...
The 2nd French and Colonial Empire
In 1830, the French conquered Algeriawhich laid out the 2nd French Empire and the Colonial Empire, which consisted of a variety of countries spread across the world.
The terrain of most northern France is flat plains. Around the Italian-Swissregion are the Alps. Troops will slow down in the region. If you have a chance, flank around that part of the Alps region. It can slow troops down. Around the French Riviera is hilly and flat plains. In Northern Africa, Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia is mostly part of the Sahara Desert. Most of the armies that travel there will have attrition because most of the cities are in the north. The north is mainly hilly and flooded with cities. The east coast has plenty of cities, too. They are flat ground. Down in Cameroon, it is hilly. If there is troops there, they would move quickly due to the terrain. Madagascaris also full with hills. French Indochina (Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam) is flat with a few hills.
Even though the French Empire will be the largest in the/your game, It will be 4th in population. The population of the empire would reach around 200M to 250M people. The empire will be behind the United States, India, and China in population. Most of the population would be in the French West Africa and Equatorial Region. France would be second. Vietnamwould be 3rd and the overseas territories/colonies would be fourth. The largest city in the Empire would be Paris, with 9,904,000 population.
First, justify "Conquest" on Algeria and Tunisia. Train your troops and move them to the Algerian borders. When the justification is done, declare war on them. You may need to use ships. At that time justify on Morocco and Syria. Make sure that you need to do faster than other Europeans countries. You can change your ideologies to Nationalist/Fascist to reduce the justification time. After annexed 3 first countries that is nearest with you, Justify on Mauritania and annex them. At this time the justification with Syria should be done. Declare war and annex them. When fighting with these two countries, justify on other West African countries (Except Western Sahara, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Nigeria) then justify on Chad, Central African Republic. After that annex them and justify on Gabon and Congo. That is the end of the conquest at West Africa. In East Africa, you will need to invade Djibouti, Madagascar and some island nations. If you don't want to lose troops cause attrition,...
There are a lot of threats to your new nation. 1. Colonization from fellow European countries 2. Colonization from American countries, for some reason 3. Colonization from Asian countries, although very unlikely 4. China taking Vietnam 5. Turkey taking Syria and Lebanon for Hittite 6. Nigeria/DR Congoare players and have allied big countries 7. Egypttook some of your colonies and have allied big countries 8. United Kingdom can be a threat as they would want to form Franco-British Union. 9. Germany invades Francearound 70% of the time and usually succeeds.
The French Empire flag has a darker blue and red than France. It was the flag of France from 1793 to 1976.