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- Beyond Good and Evil by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche discusses the theory of the “will to truth.” At the heart of Nietzsche’s argument is the idea that to learn the truth, a human being must question everything. Everything she or he has ever learned or observed must be reexamined.
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Beyond Good and Evil is a comprehensive overview of Nietzsche's mature philosophy. The book consists of 296 aphorisms, ranging in length from a few sentences to a few pages. These aphorisms are grouped thematically into nine different chapters and are bookended by a preface and a poem.
Beyond Good And Evil Summary. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Beyond Good And Evil” by Friedrich Nietzsche. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
- Structure of Beyond Good and Evil
- An Outline
- Chapters 1-3
- Chapters 4-6
- Chapters 7-9
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German doctor and philosopher that was born in the mid-19th century. His book, Beyond Good and Evil was one of the last books he wrote, during the period of 1886 to 1888 - a two year period when he authored a total of seven books. Beyond Good and Evilbecame one of the best-known in that group and is commonly viewed as a book written by a philosopher for philosophers. At this point in Nietzsche's life, he viewed certain types of philosophy as counterproductive, such as universalism, or the idea that some specific truths could be applied across all ages, to all people, in all societies. Instead, he believed that it depends on the time, situation, and perspective to figure out when personal sacrifice is worth the public good. This is explored in this book.
Beyond Good and Evilis broken down into nine chapters. Within those are 296 short essays, ranging from a simple paragraph to a few pages. Each chapter had a specific area of philosophy as its focus. They are: 1. 1: On the Prejudice of Philosophers 2. 2: The Free Spirit 3. 3: The Religious Essence 4. 4: Maxims and Interludes 5. 5: On the Natural History of Morals 6. 6: We Scholars 7. 7: Our Virtues 8. 8: Peoples and Fatherlands 9. 9: What is Noble?
Nietzsche wastes no time by starting with some strong words against the ancient philosophers and religions. With a very logical, although complex argument, Nietzsche suggests that all religion and philosophy can be summarized into simple prejudice; a prejudice that--not coincidentally--supports the perspective of the philosopher or preacher. Nietzsche claims that because of their limitations, religion and philosophy cannot uncover universal truths. On the other hand, Nietzsche views himself, and acknowledges that there may be others, that are free spirits. A free spiritis someone who is truly able to think for themselves and not be biased by society, the outcomes of their truths, or personal incentive, but only by the mission to identify things that are false. Nietzsche believed that an absolute truth as difficult to find, but finding falsehoods was easier and could lead to truth.
One of the concepts Nietzsche is most well-known for, much of which comes out of Beyond Good and Evil, is that truth and thoughts are ever-changing and developing, which is why the ideas embraced by religions and philosophers in one age may not be considered 'truth' at some later time. While 'the world is flat' is a cliché example, it's exactly the process Nietzsche expects all thoughts and ideas to follow. The drivers of changing truths and facts are power and will, according to Nietzsche. So those that hold power--or the power inherent in strongly held, popular thoughts--may define truth today, but when that power base shifts, so might the definition of morality, good, and evil - hence the name of the book: Beyond Good and Evil.
This is where Nietzsche discusses a little more about what he views as virtue, culture and nations, and then, in closing, his idea of nobility, and what kind of person is noble. These chapters offer a glimpse into Nietzsche's psyche, if for no other reason than as a native German, he praises the Jewish ethnicity and attacks his own country's trend towards anti-Semitism, 50 years before the Holocaust. His native Germany isn't the only country Nietzsche criticized. He thought the English were headed down a gloomy road, and one that included even more brutality on other nations than Germany. However, he also saw France as Europe's home to the best taste, and even called the French the most refined culture in all of Europe. Interestingly--especially when you consider the creation of the European Union--one of Nietzsche's closing statements is that 'the time for petty politics is past: the very next century will bring with it the struggle for mastery over the whole earth.' Two World Wars...
Essays for Beyond Good and Evil. Beyond Good and Evil essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche. From Nihilism to Perspectivism in 'On the Genealogy of Morals' and 'Beyond Good and Evil' Nietzsche’s critique of morality ...
Complete summary of Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Beyond Good and Evil.
Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future (German: Jenseits von Gut und Böse: Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft) is a book by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche that expands the ideas of his previous work Thus Spoke Zarathustra with a more critical and polemical approach. It was first published in 1886.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
- Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Beyond Good and Evil Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
- Who Should Read “Beyond Good and Evil”? and Why?
- Friedrich Nietzsche Biography
- Beyond Good and Evil Epilogue
- Our Critical Review
Friedrich Nietzsche is a cultural icon for a reason – and we’re not talking about his iconic mustache. (Although it’s hard to talk about Nietzsche and not mention them, right?)There’s probably no philosopher who writes better – or more poetic – than him, no writer who has exerted more influence on the history of ideas.And very few intellectuals have ever been more controversial or more misunderstood than him.You need another reason to read “Beyond Good and Evil”?Well, let’s just say that it m...
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher, poet, composer, classical philologist, and all-around cultural critic. He lived just five and a half decades: he spent the first two and a half as a brilliant student of classical languages, the next one as a professor, the fourth one as an iconoclastic philosopher, and the last one as a madman.Born on October 15, 1844, Nietzsche began his career as a classical philologist and, at the age of 24, he became the youngest individual ever to hold the C...
First published in 1886 – merely three years before Nietzsche suffered the career-ending mental breakdown – “Beyond Good and Evil” consists of 296 numbered sections divided into nine parts and framed between a preface and an aftersong.The primary objective of the book – to question all philosophical knowledge concerning morality which precedes it and put forward an original theory of ethics, one that is, in fact, an anti-theory best summarized by the concept “will to power.”PrefaceIn the pref...
The epilogue of “Beyond Good and Evil” is – wait for it… – a poem!You expected something conventional from Nietzsche?And it’s not a very good poem!Titled “From High Mountains,” the poem is actually too long and not a bit subtle.It’s about a man who has lived in the mountains for some time and who is at one point visited by his old friends. They can’t recognize him and are not strong enough to live with him on the mountains.So, naturally, they leave.And the speaker remains there alone, realizi...
“Beyond Good and Evil” is not for the faint-hearted.It’s also not for those who are looking for a beach read to pack for a leisurely vacation – unless that vacation is on some kind of a Sulphur lake.“Beyond Good and Evil” is sometimes difficult to follow, and always written in a style which may easily mislead you. Unfortunately, in the worst possible direction.So, unless you’re ready to question everything you know and sure you’ll leave the probe sane, look elsewhere.