The House of Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. They acquired the Duchy of Milan following the extinction of the Visconti family in the mid-15th century, Sforza rule ending in Milan with the death of the last member of the family's main branch in 1535. (source: www.wikipedia.org) See More
- Early Years
- Queen of Poland
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Childhood in Milan and Bari
Bona was the third of the four children of Gian Galeazzo Sforza and his wife Isabella of Naples. Gian Galeazzo was the legal heir to the Duchy of Milan, but his uncle and regent Ludovico Sforza, known to history as "Il Moro", usurped the power. The couple was sent to live at the Castello Visconteo in Pavia, where Gian Galeazzo died in 1494. Rumors spread that he was poisoned by Ludovico. The family moved to the Sforza Castle in Milan, where they lived under the watchful eye of Ludovico. He wa...
When the House of Sforza was restored to the Duchy of Milan in 1512, Isabella hoped to wed Bona and Duke Maximilian Sforza thereby providing further legitimacy to Maximilian's reign. There were other proposals as well: Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon proposed Giuliano de' Medici, brother of Pope Leo X; Isabella counter-proposed Ferdinand's ten-year-old grandson Ferdinand of Habsburg who was expected to inherit the Spanish throne; Pope Leo X proposed Philippe who would succeed to the Duchy...
Bona was energetic, even hot-tempered, while Sigismund was much calmer and passive. From the beginning, Bona became involved in various state affairs, which did not agree with the traditional ideal of a royal wife – obedient, devoted to husband and children. Bona and Sigismund disagreed on many domestic and foreign issues and were known to have arguments, but the marriage did not collapse. Bona did not travel with her husband – from the first four and a half years of marriage, she spent three...
Almost from the beginning of her life in Poland, Queen Bona tried to gain a strong political position and began forming a circle of supporters. On 23 January 1519, Pope Leo X, whom she had friendly relationship with from her Italian days, granted her the privilege of awarding eight benefices in five Polish cathedrals (Kraków, Gniezno, Poznań, Włocławek, and Frombork). In May 1519, the privilege was expanded to fifteen benefices. This was a very important privilege that allowed Bona to secure...
In foreign policy, she was a fierce opponent of the Habsburgs and a supporter of a closer alliance with Kingdom of France. After the Louis II of Hungary was killed at Mohacs in 1526, she supported John Zápolya as successor against Ferdinand of Habsburg. Bona also sought to maintain good relations with the Ottoman Empire and had contacts with Roxelana, chief consort and wife of Suleiman the Magnificent. Bona also advocated attaching Silesia to the Polish Crown in return for her hereditary prin...
On the 1 April 1548, Sigismund I the Olddied, leaving Bona a widow. Their son succeeded him. After the death of the King, Bona moved to Masovia and stayed there for eight years before moving back to her native Bari. A year after returning to the Duchy of Bari, Bona Sforza was poisoned by her trusted officer, Gian Lorenzo Pappacoda. Pappacoda was acting on behalf of King Philip II of Spain, who wished to avoid repaying his sizable debts to the Polish-Lithuanian queen. She was buried in St. Nicholas' Basilica in Bari, where her daughter Annahad a tomb made in the current Renaissance style for her remains.
Bona and Sigismund I the Oldhad six children: 1. Isabella (18 January 1519 – 15 September 1559), married John Zápolya, King of Hungary (Eastern Kingdom) 2. Sigismund II Augustus (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 3. Sophia (13 July 1522 – 28 May 1575), married Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 4. Anna (18 October 1523 – 9 September 1596), Queen of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (in her own right); married Stephen Báthory 5. Catherine (1 November 1526 – 16 September 1583), married John III of Sweden 6. Wojciech Olbracht (born and died 20 September 1527)List of Polish rulersPolish cuisineChicken War- the article contains an image of a triumphant Bona
- (1494-02-02)2 February 1494 Vigevano, Italy
- Sigismund I of Poland
Bona Sforza (2 February 1494 – 19 November 1557) was a member of the powerful House of Sforza, which ruled the Duchy of Milan since 1447. In 1518, she became the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Their marriage lasted 30 years until Sigismund's death in 1548. Ambitious and energetic, Bona became heavily involved in the political life of ...
Ludovico Sforza did not become ruler of Milan until 1481. He was not next in line when his father, Francesco, died in 1466. His brother, Galeazzo Maria, succeeded his father in rule and was assassinated in 1476. When Galeazzo died, his son was 7 years old and was the next in line.
Francesco died in 1466, leaving the land to Galeazzo Maria Sforza. He was disliked because of his cruelty, and assassinated in 1476. He was disliked because of his cruelty, and assassinated in 1476. His 7-year-old son, Gian Galeazzo Sforza, with Galeazzo Maria's brother, Ludovico Sforza (Ludovico the Moor), becoming the de facto ruler of Milan.
- Milan (MI)
- Letizia Moratti
Sigismund II Augustus (Polish: Zygmunt II August , Lithuanian: Žygimantas Augustas ; 1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. He was the first ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the
Galeazzo Maria Sforza is a YELLOW MAGNETIC HUMAN - kin 92 - I am guided by my own power doubled - in the 13-moon Natural Time Calendar
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Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy , based in Milan . The dynasty was founded by Muzio Attendolo , called Sforza (from sforza...
23-nov-2019 - Esplora la bacheca "Donne del Cinquecento" di Lorella Serafini su Pinterest. Visualizza altre idee su Donne, Mary stuart, Ritratti.