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1. ### www.geographyrealm.com › geographic-coordinate-systemGeographic Coordinate Systems - Geography Realm

Jul 1, 2022 · There are two main types of coordinate systems for georeferenced data: Geographic Coordinate Systems (GCS) based on latitude and longitude. A Geographic Coordinate System is a 3D reference system that uses latitude and longitude to define the location of a point on the Earth’s surface.

2. ### www.britannica.com › science › latitudeLatitude and longitude | Definition, Examples, Diagrams, & Facts

Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. Latitude is a measurement of location north or south of the Equator. Longitude is a similar measurement east or west of the Greenwich meridian.

3. ### pro.arcgis.com › en › pro-appCoordinate systems, map projections, and transformations - Esri

Geographic coordinate systems are based on a three-dimensional ellipsoidal or spherical surface, and locations are defined using angular measurements, usually in decimal degrees, measuring degrees of longitude (x-coordinates) and degrees of latitude (y-coordinates).

4. ### www.wikiwand.com › en › Geographic_coordinate_systemGeographic coordinate system - Wikiwand

SHOW ALL QUESTIONS. The geographic coordinate system ( GCS) is a spherical or geodetic coordinate system for measuring and communicating positions directly on the Earth as latitude and longitude. It is the simplest, oldest and most widely used of the various spatial reference systems that are in use, and forms the basis for most others.

5. ### www.usu.edu › geospatial › tutorialsGeographic Coordinate Systems | Geospatial | USU

Geographic coordinate systems are spherical models of the earth. They are curved surfaces measured in divisions of latitude and longitude with typically units of degrees (decimal degrees or degrees minutes seconds which divide a full circle into 360 parts).

6. ### geo.libretexts.org › Bookshelves › Geography_(Physical)2.3: Datums, Coordinate Systems, and Map Projections

May 21, 2023 · The coordinate system used to define locations on the three-dimensional earth is the geographic coordinate system (GCS), based on a sphere or spheroid. A spheroid (a.k.a. ellipsoid) is simply a slightly wider sphere than it is tall and approximates the actual shape of the earth more closely.

7. ### wiki.gis.com › wiki › indexGeographic coordinate system - GIS Wiki | The GIS Encyclopedia

Oct 5, 2018 · A geographic coordinate system (GCS) defines locations on the earth using a three-dimensional spherical surface [1], it is a reference system that uses latitude and longitude to identify locations on a spheroid or sphere. A datum, prime meridian, and angular unit are parts of a GCS [2] .

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