Georg Pfeffer (17 January 1943 — 20 May 2020) was a German anthropologist. Born in 1943 in Berlin to a German sociologist father and a British mother, he was schooled in Hamburg . In 1959, he moved to Lahore with his family, and studied at the city's Forman Christian College for 3 years.
Georg Johann Pfeffer (1854–1931) was a German zoologist, primarily a malacologist, a scientist who studies mollusks. Illustration of the long-armed squid, Chiroteuthis veranyi ( Férussac , 1835), from G.J. Pfeffer (1912).
- 1854, Berlin
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The Council of Europe has abolished all death penalty by 13th amendment of the European Convention on Human Rights. Amnesty International oppose all death penalty on ground of the right to life and prohibition of all tortures or any cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment insisted by Universal Declaration of Human Rights .
- Year of abolition
Georg Johann Pfeffer (1854–1931), German zoologist; Georg Pfeffer (1943–2020), German anthropologist; Jack Pfefer (also commonly spelled as "Pfeffer") (1894–1974), professional wrestling promoter; Jeff Pfeffer (1888–1972), pitcher (not to be confused with his brother Big Jeff Pfeffer) Jeffrey Pfeffer, American Professor of ...
- Introduction to The “Modern Era” of The Death Penalty in The United States
- ACLU Objections to The Death Penalty
- Capital Punishment Is Not A Deterrent to Capital Crimes
- Capital Punishment Is Unfair
- Capital Punishment Is Irreversible
- Capital Punishment Is Barbaric
- Capital Punishment Is Unjustified Retribution
- Capital Punishment Costs More Than Incarceration
- Capital Punishment Is Less Popular Than The Alternatives
In 1972, the Supreme Court declared that under then-existing laws \\"the imposition and carrying out of the death penalty… constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments.\\" (Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238). The Court, concentrating its objections on the manner in which death penalty laws had been applied, found the result so \\"harsh, freakish, and arbitrary\\" as to be constitutionally unacceptable. Making the nationwide impact of its decision unmista...
Despite the Supreme Court's 1976 ruling in Gregg v. Georgia, et al, the ACLU continues to oppose capital punishment on moral, practical, and constitutional grounds:Capital punishment is cruel and unusual. It is cruel because it is a relic of the earliest days of penology, when slavery, branding, and other corporal punishments were commonplace. Like those barbaric practices, executions have no place in a civilized society. It is unusual because only the United States of all the western industr...
Deterrence is a function not only of a punishment's severity, but also of its certainty and frequency. The argument most often cited in support of capital punishment is that the threat of execution influences criminal behavior more effectively than imprisonment does. As plausible as this claim may sound, in actuality the death penalty fails as a deterrent for several reasons.A punishment can be an effective deterrent only if it is consistently and promptly employed. Capital punishment cannot...
Constitutional due process and elementary justice both require that the judicial functions of trial and sentencing be conducted with fundamental fairness, especially where the irreversible sanction of the death penalty is involved. In murder cases (since 1930, 88 percent of all executions have been for this crime), there has been substantial evidence to show that courts have sentenced some persons to prison while putting others to death in a manner that has been arbitrary, racially biased, an...
Unlike any other criminal punishments, the death penalty is irrevocable. Speaking to the French Chamber of Deputies in 1830, years after having witnessed the excesses of the French Revolution, the Marquis de Lafayette said, \\"I shall ask for the abolition of the punishment of death until I have the infallibility of human judgment demonstrated to me.\\" Although some proponents of capital punishment would argue that its merits are worth the occasional execution of innocent people, most would hast...
Prisoners are executed in the United States by any one of five methods; in a few jurisdictions the prisoner is allowed to choose which one he or she prefers:The traditional mode of execution, hanging, is an option still available in Delaware, New Hampshire and Washington. Death on the gallows is easily bungled: If the drop is too short, there will be a slow and agonizing death by strangulation. If the drop is too long, the head will be torn off. Two states, Idaho and Utah, still authorize the...
Justice, it is often insisted, requires the death penalty as the only suitable retribution for heinous crimes. This claim does not bear scrutiny, however. By its nature, all punishment is retributive. Therefore, whatever legitimacy is to be found in punishment as just retribution can, in principle, be satisfied without recourse to executions.Moreover, the death penalty could be defended on narrowly retributive grounds only for the crime of murder, and not for any of the many other crimes that...
It is sometimes suggested that abolishing capital punishment is unfair to the taxpayer, on the assumption that life imprisonment is more expensive than execution. If one takes into account all the relevant costs, however, just the reverse is true. \\"The death penalty is not now, nor has it ever been, a more economical alternative to life imprisonment.\\") A murder trial normally takes much longer when the death penalty is at issue than when it is not. Litigation costs – including the time of jud...
It is commonly reported that the American public overwhelmingly approves of the death penalty. More careful analysis of public attitudes, however, reveals that most Americans prefer an alternative; they would oppose the death penalty if convicted murderers were sentenced to life without parole and were required to make some form of financial restitution. In 2010, when California voters were asked which sentence they preferred for a first-degree murderer, 42% of registered voters said they pre...
Early Death Penalty Laws The first established death penalty laws date as far back as the Eighteenth Century B.C. The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B.C.'s Hittite Code; in the Seventh Century B.C.'s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all…
1847 - Michigan becomes the first state to abolish the death penalty for all crimes except treason. 1890- William Kemmler becomes first person executed by electrocution. Early 1900s - Beginning of the “Progressive Period” of reform in the United States. 1907-1917 - Nine states abolish the death penalty for all crimes or strictly limit it.
death penalty worldwide, and that the painful lessons it learned on its journey to abolition – some of which are examined here – continue to matter. 1 The 1965 Act received Royal Assent on 8 November 1965 and, in accordance with s 3(4), came into force the following day.
- related to: georg johann pfeffer wikipedia cause of death penalty abolished