In 1124 and 1128, Wartislaw I, Duke of Pomerania, at that time a vassal of Poland, invited bishop Otto of Bamberg to Christianize the Pomeranians and Liutizians of his duchy. In 1147, as a campaign of the Northern Crusades , the Wendish Crusade was mounted in the Duchy of Saxony to retake the marches lost in 983.
The Seven Years' War (1756–1763) was a global conflict, "a struggle for global primacy between Britain and France," which also had a major impact on the Spanish Empire. In Europe, the conflict arose from issues left unresolved by the War of the Austrian Succession , with Prussia seeking greater dominance.
- 17 May 1756 – 15 February 1763, (6 years, 8 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
- Anglo-Prussian coalition victory, Return to the status quo ante bellum in Europe, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762), Treaty of Hamburg (1762), Treaty of Paris (1763), Treaty of Hubertusburg (1763)
- Europe, North America, Caribbean, South America, Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Philippine Archipelago
- No territorial changes in Europe, Transfer of colonial possessions between Great Britain, France, Portugal and Spain, France and Spain return conquered colonial territory to Great Britain and Portugal, France cedes its North American possessions east of the Mississippi River, Canada (except Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), the islands of St. Vincent, Tobago, Dominica, and Grenada, and the Northern Circars in India to Great Britain, France cedes Louisiana and its North American territory west of the Mississippi River to Spain, Spain cedes Florida to Great Britain, Mughal Empire cedes Bengal to Great Britain.
The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as a replacement of the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.
Vaugondy, R., Atlas Universel (Paris) 1757. The Atlas Universel was the crowning glory of the Robert de Vaugondy firm's atlas production. The atlas was revolutionary on many levels and exemplified the Vaugondy creedo commode, complet, univorme, et suive (convenient, complete, uniform, and easy to use).
- Germany And The Czech Republic
The Seven Years' War did not take place in central Europe alone. Full-scale war between the French and English had actually existed in North America since 1754, and is known in North America as ...
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Jacques Callot. Entry of His Highness, Representing the Sun, from The Combat at the Barrier. 1627. France. Etching in black on ivory laid paper Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, appears at the upper right at the end of his grand entry parade, wreathed in the glow of the sun, for he portrays the god Apollo.
John’s wife, Anne, was a niece of Duke John William. As the oldest daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of East Prussia, Anne also inherited East Prussia in 1618 since she had no brothers. George William, the son of John Sigismund and Anne, thus inherited Brandenburg, East Prussia, Cleves, Mark, and Ravensberg in 1619 and ruled until 1640.
Bogislaw II, Duke of Pomerania. Bogislaw II (– 23 January 1220) was Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from 1187 until his death. New!!: Elbe and Bogislaw II, Duke of Pomerania · See more » Bohemia. Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech ...
Nov 03, 2018 · Erik (1381?-1459) King of Norway 1389-1442, King of Denmark and Sweden 1396-14, Duke of Pomerania 1394/95-1459. Son of Duke Wartislaw VII of Pomerania (d. 1394/95)POMERANIA and Marie of Mecklenburg (1363/67-1402), daughter of Duke Henry of Mecklenburg (d. 1383) MECKLENBURG and Ingeborg (1347-1370), daughter of King Valdermar IV and older sister ...
Albert the Bear (Albrecht der Bär; Adelbertus, Adalbertus, Albertus; 1100 – 18 November 1170) was the first Margrave of Brandenburg (as Albert I) from 1157 to his death and was briefly Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142. New!!: Bohemia and Albert the Bear · See more » Albrecht III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg