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  1. George Sand - Wikipedia › wiki › George_Sand

    Personal life. George Sand – known to her friends and family as "Aurore" – was born in Paris and was raised for much of her childhood by her grandmother Marie-Aurore de Saxe, Madame Dupin de Francueil, at her grandmother's house in the village of Nohant, in the French province of Berry.

    • Personal life

      George Sand – known to her friends and family as "Aurore" –...

    • Career and politics

      Sand's first literary efforts were collaborations with the...

    • Criticism

      Sand's writing was immensely popular during her lifetime and...

    • Influences on literature

      Fyodor Dostoevsky "read widely in the numerous novels of...

    • In film

      George Sand is portrayed by Merle Oberon in A Song to...

    • Maurice Sand

      Jean-François-Maurice-Arnauld Dudevant, known as Baron...

  2. George Sand — Wikipédia › wiki › George_Sand

    George Sand [ ʒɔʁʒ sɑ̃ːd], pseudonyme d' Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin de Francueil, par mariage baronne Dudevant, est une romancière, dramaturge, épistolière, critique littéraire et journaliste française, née à Paris le 1 er juillet 1804 et morte au château de Nohant-Vic le 8 juin 1876.

  3. George Sand - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › George_Sand
    • Early Life
    • How Other People Who Lived at The Time Saw Her
    • Relationships
    • Writing Career
    • Death
    • in Literature
    • in Music, Movie, TV
    • References
    • Other Websites

    Sand's father, Maurice Dupin, was the grandson of the Marshall General of France, Maurice, Comte de Saxe. He was also a distant relative of Louis XVI. Her mother, Sophie-Victoire Delaborde was a common woman. Sand was born in Paris. She spent much of her childhood with her grandmother, Marie Aurore de Saxe, Madame Dupin de Franceuil. Her grandmother lived in her estate, Nohant, in the French region of Berry. She later used the setting in many of her novels. In 1822, at age 19, she married Baron Casimir Dudevant(1795–1871), illegitimate son of Jean-François. She and Dudevant had two children: Maurice (1823–1889) and Solange (1828–1899). In early 1831 she left her prosaic husband and entered upon a four- or five-year period of "romantic rebellion." In 1835 she was legally separated from Dudevant.

    Sand started to wear men's clothes in public. This harmed her reputation. She said that men's clothes were tougher, and also less expensive to buy than women's. The clothes she wore were comfortable, and they also allowed her to go around Paris more freely than the other women, even those of her own social standing. Sand also smoked in public. This led to a scandal. At her time, women were not supposed to smoke, not even those of her standing. Franz Liszt had a relationship with a woman called Marie D'Agoult, who did this as well. D'Argoult smoked large cigars. These and other behaviors were exceptional for a woman of the early and mid-19th century, when social codes–especially in the upper classes–were very important. Poet Charles Baudelairewas a contemporary critic of George Sand: "She is stupid, heavy and garrulous. Her ideas on morals have the same depth of judgment and delicacy of feeling as those of janitresses and kept women.... The fact that there are men who could become en...

    Sand had affairs with several men. Some lasted longer, others shorter. These men included Jules Sandeau (1831), Prosper Mérimée, Alfred de Musset (summer 1833 – March 1834), Louis-Chrystosome Michel, Charles Didier, Pierre-François Bocage, Félicien Mallefille and Frédéric Chopin(1837–47). Later in life, she wrote letters to Gustave Flaubert. Despite their obvious differences in temperament and aesthetic preference, they eventually became good friends. She was engaged in an intimate friendship with actress Marie Dorval, which led to widespread but unconfirmed rumors of a lesbianaffair. In Majorca one can still visit the (then abandoned) Carthusian monastery of Valldemossa, where she spent the winter of 1838–39 with Chopin and her children. This trip to Majorca was described by her in Un Hiver à Majorque(A Winter in Majorca), published in 1855. Chopin left her two years before his death, because of a family disturbance wherein he supported her daughter Solange's marriage choice, which...

    A liaison with the writer Jules Sandeau heralded her literary debut. They published a few stories in collaboration, signing them "Jules Sand." She consequently adopted, for her first independent novel, Indiana (1832), the pen namethat made her famous – George Sand. Her first published novel, Rose et Blanche (1831), was written in collaboration with Jules Sandeau. Drawing from her childhood experiences of the countryside, she wrote the rural novels La Mare au Diable (1846), François le Champi (1847–1848), La Petite Fadette (1849), and Les Beaux Messieurs Bois-Doré (1857). A Winter in Majorcadescribed the period that she and Chopin spent on that island in 1838-9. Her other novels include Indiana (1832), Lélia (1833), Mauprat (1837), Le Compagnon du Tour de France (1840), Consuelo (1842–1843), and Le Meunier d'Angibault(1845). Further theatre pieces and autobiographical pieces include Histoire de ma vie (1855), Elle et Lui (1859) (about her affair with Musset), Journal Intime (posthumo...

    George Sand died at Nohant, near Châteauroux, in France's Indre département on 8 June 1876, at the age of 71 and was buried in the grounds of her home there. In 2004, controversial plans were suggested to move her remains to the Panthéonin Paris.

    Frequent literary references to George Sand can be found in Possession (1990) by A. S. Byatt. The American poet Walt Whitman cited Sand's novel Consuelo as a personal favorite and the sequel to this novel La Comtesse De Rudolstady contains at least a couple of passages that appear to have had a very direct influence on him. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861), the English poet, produced two poems "To George Sand: A Desire" and "To George Sand: A Recognition". The character, Stepan Verkhovensky, in Dostoevsky's novel The Possessed took to translating the works of George Sand in his periodical, before the periodical was subsequently seized by the ever-cautious Russian government of the 1840s. George Sand is referenced a number of times in the play Voyage, the first part of Tom Stoppard's The Coast of Utopia trilogy. And, in the first episode of the "Overture" to Swann's Way - the first novel in Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time sequence - a young, distraught Marcel is calmed b...

    A Song to Remember (1945), directed by Charles Vidor, starring Cornel Wilde as Chopin and Merle Oberonas George Sand.
    Notorious Woman (1974), a 7-part BBC miniseries starring Rosemary Harris as George Sand and George Chakirisas Chopin.
    In 1976, the band Ambrosiarecorded the song "Danse With Me, George (Chopin's Plea)", based on Sand and Chopin's romance. It appeared on Ambrosia's Album "Somewhere I've Never Travelled."
    Impromptu (1991), starring Judy Davis as George Sand and Hugh Grantas Chopin.
    Jean-Albert Bédé, "Sand, George," Encyclopedia Americana, 1986 ed., vol. 24, pp. 218–19.
    Correspondence(letters) by George Sand and her contemporaries (see "Writings by George Sand" link below — some of these letters are available in English translation); Autobiographical writings as m...
    Szulc, Tad (1998). Chopin in Paris: The Life and Times of the Romantic Composer. Scribner Book Company.
    Doumic, René - George Sand, some aspects of her life and writings at Project Gutenberg
    Works by George Sand at Project Gutenberg
    Works by George Sand at Internet Archive
    Lithograph Archived 2008-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
    (in French) George Sand, her work in audio version
  4. George Sand - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre › wiki › George_Sand
    • Biografía
    • Carrera E Ideales políticos
    • Obra
    • Fuentes
    • Enlaces Externos

    Aurore Dupin nació en París. Su madre era Sophie-Victoire Delaborde, una mujer que provenía de una familia pobre e inestable.[3]​ Su padre era Maurice Dupin, hijo de Marie-Aurore de Saxe y nieto del mariscal general de Francia, Mauricio de Sajonia, conde de Saxe, hijo fuera de matrimonio de Augusto II el Fuerte, rey de Polonia y elector de Sajonia. También estaba emparentada con el rey Luis Felipe I de Francia a través de antepasados comunes de familias reinantes alemanas y danesas.[4]​ El matrimonio de Sophie-Victoire Delaborde y Maurice Dupin fue mal visto por la sociedad de la época y no fue aceptado por Marie-Aurore de Saxe, madre de Dupin y por consiguiente abuela de George Sand. Marie-Aurore de Saxe fue una de las personas más importantes en la primera etapa de vida de la escritora.[5]​ En 1808, la familia se vio forzada a viajar a España por motivos laborales.[6]​ Se establecieron en el palacio de Manuel Godoy, cuando este se exilió a París. La estancia de Sand en España fue...

    Al principio de su carrera, su trabajo tenía una gran demanda. Tal fue la popularidad de sus escritos que en 1836 tuvo que realizar una recopilación de sus obras a la que llamó Obras completas[20]​. En total, se publicaron 4 ediciones separadas de sus Obras completas durante toda su vida. En 1880 sus hijos vendieron los derechos de su patrimonio literario por 125.000 francos (en la actualidad equivaldría a 1,3 millones de dólares).[13]​ A partir de sus experiencias infantiles en el campo, Sand escribió las novelas pastorales La Mare au Diable (1846), François le Champi (1847-1848), La Petite Fadette (1849) y Les Beaux Messieurs de Bois-Doré (1857).[13]​ En su primera novela independiente, Indiana (1832), adoptó el seudónimo que la hizo famosa y por el que se la conoció: George Sand. Tomó este nombre por la resonancia masculina y por estar asociado a la literatura inglesa.[11]​ Además, Sand fue autora de textos políticos. En sus primeros años, se puso del lado de los pobres y las cla...

    Le Commissionnaire(con Jules Sandeau) (1830).
    Rose et Blanche (con Jules Sandeau, novela, 1831)
    La Fille d'Albano(1831)
    Valentine(novela, 1831)
    Sand, George, Historia de mi vida, 1855.
    Encyclopædia Britannica. 2020, George Sand: French novelist. Consultado en:
    Jasmine, Taylor. 2017. Classic Women Authors in Men’s Clothing: Expressing the Masculine.Literary Ladies Guide. Consultado en:
    Tindall, Gillian. 2003. Ashes to ashes, Sand to sand. The guardian.Consultado en:
    Jack, Belinda. 2000. A Woman's Life Writ Large. New York Times. Consultado en:
    Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre George Sand.
    Wikiquote alberga frases célebres de o sobre George Sand.
  5. George Sand - Wikipedia › wiki › George_Sand

    Amantine (sau "Amandine") Lucile Aurore Dupin ( franceză amɑ̃tin lysil oʁɔʁ dypɛ̃ ), mai târziu Baroană ( franceză baronne) Dudevant ( 1 iulie 1804 – 8 iunie 1876 ), cel mai bine cunoscută sub pseudonimul său literar George Sand ( franceză ʒɔʁʒ sɑ̃d ), a fost o scriitoare și feministă franceză.

    • Amantine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin
    • Nohant-Vic
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  7. House of George Sand - Wikipedia › wiki › House_of_George_Sand

    The House of George Sand is a writer's house museum in the village of Nohant, in the Indre department of France. It was the home of George Sand (born as Aurore Dupin; 1804–1876), a French author, and was purchased by the French state in 1952.

  8. George Sand – Wikipedia › wiki › George_Sand
    • Elämänvaiheet
    • Kirjailijan Ura
    • Yksityiselämä
    • Teokset
    • Suomennetut Teokset
    • Kirjallisuutta

    Sand syntyi Pariisissa ja vietti lapsuutensa isoäitinsä luona Berryn alueella Ranskassa. Sand kirjoitti ensimmäisen romaaninsa Rose et Blanche (1831) yhteistyössä Jules Sandeaunkanssa – onkin sanottu, että hän otti kirjailijanimensä Sandeaulta. Sand kuoli 71-vuotiaana Nohantin kylässä lähellä Châteauroux'ta 8. kesäkuuta 1876, ja hänet haudattiin sukukartanonsa maille lähelle kotiaan. Vuonna 2004 ehdotettiin Sandin jäänteiden siirtämistä Pariisin Panthéoniin.

    Sand on tunnetuin 1800-luvun ranskalaisista naiskirjailijoista. Hän kirjoitti yli sata teosta, mukaan lukien romaaneja, jotka käsittelivät esimerkiksi naisten asemaa, yhteiskunnallisia kysymyksiä ja kristinuskoa. Romaanien lisäksi Sand kirjoitti kirjallisuuskritiikkiäja poliittisia tekstejä. Hän oli itsenäinen ja voimakas luonne, mutta samalla herkkätuntoinen ja lämminsydäminen, ja tunsi myötätuntoa sorrettuja ja köyhiä kohtaan. Naisten oikeudet ovat esillä etenkin Sandin varhaisromaaneissa 1830-luvun alussa. Hänen romaaneitaan myytiin runsaasti. Ne ovat sentimentaalisia kuvauksia avioliitosta, intohimosta ja naisen oikeudesta omiin tunteisiinsa. Myöhemmissä romaaneissaan Sandin feministiset painotukset vähenivät, ja hän alkoi korostaa yleisinhimillisiä tekijöitä kuten kiinnostusta sosialismin ja kristinuskon aatteiden yhdistämiseen.Hän omaksui kuitenkin nämä aatteet vain pintapuolisesti ja liitti niihin utopistisia ja mystisiä piirteitä. Sandin näytelmät ovat sittemmin jääneet unoh...

    Sand nai paroni Casimir Dudevantin vuonna 1822. Pari sai kaksi lasta. Vuonna 1835 Sand jätti miehensä ja otti lapsensa mukaansa Pariisiin. Sand tunnettiin aikanaan romaaniensa ohella myös hänen lukuisista rakkaussuhteistaan kuuluisiin miehiin. Sandilla oli suhde Alfred de Musset'n (1833–1835), Frédéric Chopinin (1836–1847) ja siinä välissä ehkä myös Franz Lisztinkanssa. Chopinin Sand jätti pari vuotta ennen tämän kuolemaa lapsistaan johtuneen kiistan vuoksi.

    Sand, George: Correspondence, Textes réunis, classés et annotés par Georges Lubin, Tome 1 (1812–1831), Tome 2 (1832 – Juin 1835), Tome 3 (Juillet 1835 – Avril 1837), Paris 1964, 1966, 1967.

    Talvi Mallorcassa(Un hiver à Majorque, 1842),, suom. Liisa Nurmela ja Olavi Taskinen. WSOY, 1968
    Taiteilijattaren tarina(Consuelo, 1842–1843) suom. Katri Ingman. WSOY, 1949. 2.p. 1967
    Pikku Fadette
    Hiidenlampi, suom. ja johdannolla varustanut Edwin Hagfors. Karisto, 1924. - Kariston klassillinen kirjasto 27
    Tapola, Päivi: George Sandin Hiidenlampi, teoksessa Päivi Tapola: Äitini puutarhassa - Polkuja naiskirjallisuuteen, Kääntöpiiri/Like, 2002, ISBN 951-8989-61-3
    Sydän ei erehdy eli George Sandin elämä, suom. Reijo Wilenius. WSOY, 1954. 2. p. 1955
  9. Indiana (novel) - Wikipedia › wiki › Indiana_(novel)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Indiana is a novel about love and marriage written by Amantine Aurore Dupin; it was the first work she published under her pseudonym George Sand. Published in April 1832, the novel blends the conventions of romanticism, realism and idealism.

  10. George Sand – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre › wiki › George_Sand
    • Biografia
    • Obras
    • Referências

    George Sand nasceu no n°15 da rua Meslay, no dia 1 de julho de 1804, filha de Maurice e Sophie Dupin. Seu pai faleceu quando ela era ainda criança, após uma queda de cavalo, quando acompanhava o príncipe Murat em campanhas armadas. Amandine é então mandada para Nohant, aos cuidados de sua avó, Marie-Aurore de Saxe. Sua avó era neta do célebre Marechal de França, o conde Maurício de Saxe, sendo este, filho bastardo de Augusto II, rei da Polónia e de Saxe, e da sua amante, a condessa Maria Aurora von Königsmark. Durante sua infância, ao lado de sua avó, Amandine passava os dias brincando e descobrindo cada canto da propriedade de Nohant com seu meio- irmão Hippolyte Chatiron (filho do seu pai com uma amante da região), companheiro e parceiro em todas as suas aventuras e travessuras. Os dois estudavam em casa com um preceptor, quando não desapareciam nas profundezas da região. Sua avó preocupada com a educação e o comportamento de sua neta, a matriculou no Couvent des Anglaisesem Paris...

    Rose et Blanche(com Jules Sandeau, 1831);
    Valentina(Valentine, 1832);

    Histoire de ma vie. George Sand. Balade en Essonne sur les pas des écrivains. Marie-Noëlle Craissati. Éditions Alexandrines. George Sand à Palaiseau. Société historique de Palaiseau. Les amis de George Sand, revue publiée par l’Association des Amis de George Sand. Association des Amis de George Sand : Marie-Thérèse Baumgartner, secrétaire générale de l’association, Villa George Sand, 12 rue George Sand, BP 83, 91123 Palaiseau Cédex (répondeur et fax : 01 60 14 89 91) ou Anne Chevereau, présidente, 70 rue Velpeau, 92160 Antony (tel. et fax : 01 46 66 91 49) ou Les Amis de George Sand.

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