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  1. President George W. Bush signs the No Child Left Behind Act into law The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 ( NCLB) [1] [2] was a U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students. [3]

    • An act to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind.
    • 107-110
  2. Apr 17, 2018 · Bush told the ASU/GSV attendees that “maybe there was overtesting” under No Child Left Behind. But he also argued that the law forced policymakers to set expectations for students who too many...

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  4. Sep 30, 2013 · (Photo by Paul McErlane/Bloomberg via Getty Images) It's official. Texas is leaving behind George W. Bush's baby -- the No Child Left Behind education law. U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan announced Monday that he approved the application of Texas, Bush's home state, for a waiver from the No Child Left Behind Act.

  5. The federal law he championed has been replaced by a measure touted as more flexible and fairer to schools, but former President George W. Bush sees clear reasons to stand up for the No Child Left...

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    No Child Left Behind was a re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the primary federal law regulating K-12 education. The ESEA was first enacted in 1965 and re-authorized in 1994. The law includes Title I, the flagship program for disadvantaged students. The core of NCLB aimed to improve student achievement through annual standardized assessment of students, thereby quantifying education progress and making schools accountable for student performance. The law a...

    Legislative history

    President George W. Bush initially proposed the No Child Left Behind Act on January 23, 2001. It was co-authored by Representatives George Miller and John Boehner and Senators Ted Kennedy and Judd Gregg. The United States House of Representatives passed the bill, voting 384-45 on May 23, 2001. The United States Senatealso passed the bill, voting 91-8 on June 14, 2001. The bill was signed into law on January 8, 2002.


    The No Child Left Behind Act required states to implement minimum performance benchmarks for students, schools and school districts based on standardized testing. School districts were required to meet performance goals as a prerequisite to receive federal funding. The law required states to expand and develop standardized tests in both mathematics and reading, which were to be administered during from 3rd to 5th grade, 6th to 9th grade and 10th to 12th grade. Beginning in the 2007-2008 schoo...

    A central component of No Child Left Behind was the administration of statewide standardized tests to all students. In order for school districts to receive Title I funding, schools had to demonstrate Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), meaning that student's test scores must have improved when compared to the previous year's students at that grade lev...

    As part of the funding for No Child Left Behind, Congress increased federal spending on elementary and secondary education from $42.2 billion to $55.7 billion in 2001, the fiscal year prior to the law's implementation. This was accompanied by a $1 billion Reading First program and its $100 million companion program, Early Reading First. Total feder...

    Inadequate funding

    Critics voiced objections to No Child Left Behind funding levels following the law's passage. The requirements of the law placed greater demands on state and local education agencies without providing full reimbursement for the expenses they incurred. NCLB co-sponsor Senator Ted Kennedy criticized the amount of funding, stating, "The tragedy is that these long overdue reforms are finally in place, but the funds are not." Many organizations claimed that the provisions of NCLB were not fully fu...

    Total proficiency

    Many education advocates expressed concerns about the law's proficiency requirements despite initially supporting the legislation. Education historian Diane Ravitch labeled the provision that all students attain proficient scores in reading and mathematics by 2014 as flawed, since it did not fully take into account students with special needs, economically disadvantaged students, and students whose native language is not English. School districts could have faced consequences if they did not...

    Emphasis on standardized testing

    Many critics of No Child Left Behind denounced its requirement of and emphasis on standardized testing. Many education advocates, including Diane Ravitch, believed that this emphasis would result in increased educational focus on the subjects of reading and mathematics, while taking away instructional time from subjects not covered by the law.

    In 2004, a proposal from 156 national organizations, including the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers, released a joint organizational statement on No Child Left Behind (NCLB). The statement condemned NCLB based on its perceived overemphasis on standardized testing, narrowing o...

  6. Jan 08, 2020 · On January 8, 2002, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind law. Thus began an unprecedented federal intrusion into state and local education. The law was sweeping in imposing federally mandated annual tests from grades 3-8. No high-performing nation in the world tests every child every year.

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