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  1. President George W. Bush first proposed the use of federal aid to create a plan by which to hold schools accountable for the educational outcomes of their students on January 23, 2001; however, as it was initially described, the Act faced significant criticism from interest groups such as the Education Trust because of its inclusion of vouchers.

    • An act to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind.
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    No Child Left Behind was a re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the primary federal law regulating K-12 education. The ESEA was first enacted in 1965 and re-authorized in 1994. The law includes Title I, the flagship program for disadvantaged students. The core of NCLB aimed to improve student achievement through annual standardized assessment of students, thereby quantifying education progress and making schools accountable for student performance. The law a...

    Legislative history

    President George W. Bush initially proposed the No Child Left Behind Act on January 23, 2001. It was co-authored by Representatives George Miller and John Boehner and Senators Ted Kennedy and Judd Gregg. The United States House of Representatives passed the bill, voting 384-45 on May 23, 2001. The United States Senatealso passed the bill, voting 91-8 on June 14, 2001. The bill was signed into law on January 8, 2002.


    The No Child Left Behind Act required states to implement minimum performance benchmarks for students, schools and school districts based on standardized testing. School districts were required to meet performance goals as a prerequisite to receive federal funding. The law required states to expand and develop standardized tests in both mathematics and reading, which were to be administered during from 3rd to 5th grade, 6th to 9th grade and 10th to 12th grade. Beginning in the 2007-2008 schoo...

    A central component of No Child Left Behind was the administration of statewide standardized tests to all students. In order for school districts to receive Title I funding, schools had to demonstrate Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), meaning that student's test scores must have improved when compared to the previous year's students at that grade lev...

    As part of the funding for No Child Left Behind, Congress increased federal spending on elementary and secondary education from $42.2 billion to $55.7 billion in 2001, the fiscal year prior to the law's implementation. This was accompanied by a $1 billion Reading First program and its $100 million companion program, Early Reading First. Total feder...

    Inadequate funding

    Critics voiced objections to No Child Left Behind funding levels following the law's passage. The requirements of the law placed greater demands on state and local education agencies without providing full reimbursement for the expenses they incurred. NCLB co-sponsor Senator Ted Kennedy criticized the amount of funding, stating, "The tragedy is that these long overdue reforms are finally in place, but the funds are not." Many organizations claimed that the provisions of NCLB were not fully fu...

    Total proficiency

    Many education advocates expressed concerns about the law's proficiency requirements despite initially supporting the legislation. Education historian Diane Ravitch labeled the provision that all students attain proficient scores in reading and mathematics by 2014 as flawed, since it did not fully take into account students with special needs, economically disadvantaged students, and students whose native language is not English. School districts could have faced consequences if they did not...

    Emphasis on standardized testing

    Many critics of No Child Left Behind denounced its requirement of and emphasis on standardized testing. Many education advocates, including Diane Ravitch, believed that this emphasis would result in increased educational focus on the subjects of reading and mathematics, while taking away instructional time from subjects not covered by the law.

    In 2004, a proposal from 156 national organizations, including the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers, released a joint organizational statement on No Child Left Behind (NCLB). The statement condemned NCLB based on its perceived overemphasis on standardized testing, narrowing o...

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    When did Bush leave no child left behind?

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    Did no child left behind increase scores between 2000 and 2005?

  3. Nov 25, 2015 · No Child Left Behind was approved with broad bipartisan support and signed into law by President George W. Bush in 2002. It had lofty goals – to get all children up to par in reading and math by 2014. But when it became clear that the goal was unattainable, the Obama administration began to issue waivers to states.

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    President Bush accentuated the positive in his annual State of the Union Address to Congress Jan. 20 – leaving out some pertinent but negative facts. Omitted: the failure to find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, the loss of 2.3 million jobs, and who’s responsible for the big deficits he proposes to cut.

    The President made no mention of the failure so far to locate nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in Iraq. True, former UN weapons inspector David Kay, now heading the US effort to locate Saddam Hussein’s unconventional weapons, did report last October that he had uncovered “dozens of WMD-related program activities and significant amounts of eq...

    The President said the economy is growing and producing jobs, but failed to mention that the growth is so far insufficient to make up for what’s been lost since he took office. It is true that the economy grew at a yearly rate of 8.2% in the third quarter of last year, making it the best quarter in 20 years. And private economists are generally agr...

    Bush spoke of a big increase in federal funding for education, but didn’t mention complaints that he’s forcing states to pay for new federal requirements to test student performance. It is true that federal funding for education has increased sharply since Bush took office, as even his critics concede. But it is also true that Bush’s new requiremen...

    In speaking of benefits of international trade, the President failed to mention his own steps to protect the politically important U.S. steel industry. Not mentioned: Bush’s imposition of tariffs on imported steel, which pleased US labor unions and steel executives but which were found to violate World Trade Organization rules. Bush lifted the stee...

    The President promised to curb deficit spending, but said nothing about where the deficits come from. Not mentioned: The projected federal surplusses at the end of Bill Clinton’s term have now turned to a projected federal deficit of $1.4 trillion over the next 10 years, due to Bush’s two large tax cuts, large increases in federal spending, and an ...

    Statement by David Kay on the Interim Progress Report on the Activities of the Iraq Survey Group (ISG) Before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Defense, and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence”, 2 Oct. 2003, Central Intelligence Agency Web site. Edward Alden, Guy De ...

  4. The No Child Left Behind Act Earl L. “Buddy” Carter, Georgia 1st District Representative Faith Coleman February 14, 2020 Georgia BOE V.S. NCLB Program The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act was a bill passed by the congress. After the bill was passed by congress, the bill was then signed by George W. Bush intoa law.

  5. Mar 12, 2015 · News story, "U.S. grants Texas a waiver on No Child Left Behind rules," the Dallas Morning News, Oct. 1, 2013 Emails , Holly Eaton, director of Professional Development and Advocacy, Texas ...

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